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The republican party

The Republican Party was created in 1854 in (1) to the Kansas-

Nebraska Act that could allow the expansion of slavery into Kansas. Besides

opposition to slavery, the new (2) put forward a progressive vision

of modernizing the United (3) — emphasizing higher

(4), banking, railroads, industry and cities, while promising free

(5) philosophy was similar to

(6) Abraham Lincoln and came to

land to farmers. In this way, their

the Whig’s Party’s. The Party

power in the (7)

the "GOP" are the

20th century saw

George Bush senior,


(10) of Republican presidents Eisenhower, R. Nixon, R. Reagan,

and George Bush junior. The Republican Party nominees were to majorities to both (12) of Congress in 1994. In the 21st

(8) party in the United States. The term "Grand Old Party" or _ (9) nicknames for the Republican Party. The second half of the

of 1860. It is the second-oldest continuing

:entury the Republican Party stands for (14) attempting to defeat

(13) conservatism, an aggressive foreign _ (15) and promote global

16), a more powerful (18).

(17) branch, tax cuts, and deregulation and subsidization of

  1. Read the text and then fill in the table below it using the information in this and the previous exercises. Use the Vocabulary Section if you need it.


It is the oldest political party in continuous operation in the United States and it is one of the oldest parties in the world. The Democratic Party traces origins to the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. Historically, the party has favoured farmers, labourers, labour unions, and religious and ethnic minorities; it has opposed unregulated business and finance, and favored progressive income taxes. Today, Democrats advocate more social freedoms, affirmative action, balanced budget, and a free enterprise system Tempered by government intervention (mixed economy). The Democratic Party supports equal opportunity for all Americans regardless of sex, age, race, sexual orientation, religion, creed, or national origin. It holds an outright majority in the House and the Democratic caucus constitutes a majority in the United States Senate. Democrats also hold a majority of state govemoships and control a plurality of state legislatures. The party's nominee Senator Barack Obama has become the 44-th President of the United States in the 2008 election. Some of the party's key issues in the early 21st century in their last national platform have included the methods of how to combat terrorism, homeland security, and expanding access to health care, labour rights, environmentalism, and the preservation of liberal government programs.

US Democratic Party

US Republican Party

Foundation (year)

Social groups orientation at the beginning

Opposed to at the beginning

Favored at the beginning

Favor today

Achievements after 1950

Key issues in the early 21st century

  1. At home compare the Democratic and the Republican parties in the USA using the table above. In which ways are they similar and in which different? Do not give separate description of each party. Contrast the present and the past of each of the parties. You may use the clues in the boxes below. There is a possible beginning of your essay below the box. See also: Opinion Essays in the Recommendations on Creative Writing Work.

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