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  1. In the sentences below substitute the italicized elements with the words and word combinations from the text above.

  2. Work in pairs. Discuss the following questions. What features of the parliamentary- presidential system can you think of? What may be the functions of the President and the Premier within such system?

The parliamentary-presidential system is a system of government in which a prime minister and a president are both active participants in the day-to-day administration of the state. The President and the Premier can be from differing and opposing political parties. The two executives are not elected at the same time or for the same term. This is called cohabitation. Cohabitation occurs because of the duality of the executive: an independently elected President and a premier who must be acceptable both to the president and to the Parliament. The President of Ukraine serves to represent the country and government as a whole, and not any specific branch of government. The President is obliged to prevent any actions of the executive, legislative and judicial branches from taking effect and interfering with the powers of the Constitution. The President is the guarantor of state sovereignty and territorial indivisibility of Ukraine, the observer of the Constitution and human rights and freedoms. The President ensures state independence, national security and the legal succession of the state. The President is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, the Head of the National Security and Defense Council.

Formal inter-branch relations in the parliamentary-presidential system of Ukraine (Y - Yes, N - NO) are shown in the table below.

According to the Constitution

President’s initiative to name PM?

President’s discretion to dismiss PM?

Restrictions on vote of no confidence?

President’s discretion to dissolve assembly?

Overriding

President’s

Veto

1996

Y

Y

Y

N

Y (2/3)

2004

as amended

N

N

N

N

Y (2/3)

/. Meaning that the president can ignore a vote of no confidence or the assembly is restricted as to when it may initiate such vote.

  1. Work in pairs. Use the table above and tell your partner about the changes in the parliamentary-presidential system of Ukraine since the Constitution was amended in 2004.

  2. Listen to the text on the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and fill in the gaps in the sentences. You will hear the text twice.

The term of office of the PM and the Cabinet members depends on the duration of parliamentary convocation, coalition or upon the corresponding resignations and removals. The Cabinet of

Ministers of Ukraine is the highest body of the state (1) power and serves as the

cabinet of the (2). The Cabinet is (3) to the President and

(4) to the Verkhovna Rada. The Prime (5) (PM) heads the executive

(6) of the government and the Cabinet. The PM is appointed by the Verkhovna Rada

following the President’s formal (7). The candidacy is chosen by the

< 8) parliamentary (9) (minimum 226 votes). With the parliament’s

(10) theTM appoints the First Vice-Prime Minister, three Vice-Ministers and ministers. The Prime

Minister (11) the work of the Cabinet and (12) it for the

implementation of the Cabinet Activity Program ___ (13) by the Verkhovna Rada. The

Cabinet (14) the foreign and domestic (15) policy, implements

financial, pricing, (16) and taxation policies; the policy in the spheres of labor and

(17) of the population, social (18), education, science and culture,

environmental protection, ecological (19) and the utilization of nature. The Cabinet

prepares the (20) State (21) and oversees its implementation. Its

(22) and regulations are mandatory. The term of office of the PM and the

(23) members depends on the duration of (24) convocation, the

configuration of the coalition or upon the corresponding resignations and removals.

  1. Read the text and then fill in the table below it using the information in this and other texts of the Lesson. Use the Vocabulary Section if you need it.

The President is authorized to:

sign and veto laws of the Verkhovna Rada (except on constitutional amendments); suspend acts of the Cabinet; dissolve the parliament; call for early elections and national referendums;

conduct negotiations and sign treaties on behalf of Ukraine; recognize foreign nations; appoint and dismiss heads of diplomatic missions of Ukraine to other states and to international organizations; accept credentials and letters of recall of diplomatic representatives of foreign states;

submit to the Verkhovna Rada the nominees for the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and of Defense; appoint and dismiss the Prosecutor General and the Head of the Security Service with the parliament’s consent; select one-third of the Constitutional Court and one-half of the Council of the National Bank and the National Council on Television and Radio Broadcasting;

confer high ranks and state awards; grant pardons.

Presidential Secretariat provides administrative, advisory, analytical, and legal assistance to the President; arranges communication and official statements between the President and the Verkhovna Rada, the Cabinet, the Constitutional Court, local government bodies, and other institutions.

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