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  1. In the sentences below substitute the italicized elements with the words and word combinations from column a in exercise 1.

1. Theoretically the people of Britain can put an end to monarchy if they decide so. 2. The Queen appoints statesmen, such as priests of the highest rank and ambassadors, to many important offices on the advice of the Cabinet members directly relating to the subject. 3. The Monarch grants the rank of knight and other awards both individually and on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. 4. The Privy Council, that used to play the role of giving advice to the monarch, has no

real power now. 5. The monarch’s function nowadays is mostly limited to putting her signature on the papers, though she has the right to be asked for information or advice and examine important documents. 6. The Monarch officially convenes and dismisses the Parliament, declares a break in its sessions, as well as is head of the judicial branch of the government, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and Supreme Governor of the Churches of England and Scotland, but actually it is the government accomplishes these duties.

  1. Work in pairs. Discuss the following question. What are the functions of the Monarch in the UK?

  2. Work in pairs. Read the text below and fill in the gaps in the sentences after it. MONARCH

As the official head of state, the monarch formally summons, prorogues and dissolves Parliament and appoints the ministers of the Cabinet. The monarch also serves as head of the judiciary, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and Supreme Governor of the Church of England and the Church of Scotland. In reality, the government carries out the duties associated with these functions. Theoretically, the monarch appoints all judges, military officers, diplomats, and archbishops, as well as other church officers. The real work of the monarchy consists largely in signing papers. The monarch has the right, however, to be consulted on all aspects of national life and review all important government documents. The monarch may also meet with the Privy Council, a now largely ceremonial body made up of Cabinet members that serves in an advisory capacity to the monarch. The Queen has the power to confer peerages, knighthoods and other honours. She normally does this on the recommendation of the Prime Minister, although a few honours are conferred by the Sovereign personally. The Queen makes appointments to many important state offices, on the advice of the Prime Minister, or the relevant Cabinet Minister. Since Britain is a democracy, the monarchy could potentially be abolished if a majority of the population decides to do so.

Parliament.

Cabinet.

judiciary, armed forces,

and Scotland.

_ officers, , archbishops and other .

The Monarch

  • formally

  • appoints

  • serves as _

Supreme

  • appoints all

  • real work is

HE LETTER . 1

OF THE LAW 1

PREFACE 8

MODULE 1 14

THE SHIP OF STATE NEVER SLOWS DOWN IN A FOG 14

LESSON 1. GOVERNMENT IS KNOWN BY THE COUNTRY IT KEEPS 14

LESSON 2 A SUCCESSFUL EXECUTIVE DELEGATES ALL RESPONSIBILITY 67

MODULE 2 186

THE RULE OF LAW 186

LESSON 1. THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND 186

module з і 361

THE TIMES OF TRIAL 361

LESSON 2. EVIDENCE IS NOT ALWAYS PROOF 383

LESSON 3. EXPERT’S REPUTATION IS RASED ON WNAT OTHERS DO NOT KNOW 404

LESSON 4. OUR DECISION IS ‘MAYBE’ - AND THAT’S FINAL 427

TIME IS MONEY, BUT NOT IN JAIL 466

LESSON 1. OFFENSIVE MATERIALS 466

!. has Queen Elizabeth II have succeeded to the throne in 1952.

T). - She signed that document a week ago.

1. The Monarch reviewed some important government documents by last week.

  1. The Prime Minister was signing papers when someone interrupted him.

. While the Monarch was meeting with the Privy Council, some ministers waited for her.

- In 2007 the Queen had made appointments to many important state offices on the advice of the Prime Minister.

  1. At ten o’clock yesterday the Queen opened a new session of Parliament with a speech.

  2. The Monarch appointed diplomats yesterday.

  3. As the official head of state, the Monarch formally summoned Parliament in autumn.

  4. Last month the Sovereign has personally conferred a few honours.

  5. The Monarch was giving her Royal Assent to some bills three days ago.

  6. Tony Blair used to be the Prime Minister in the United Kingdom.

  1. Work in pairs. Use the information above and tell your partner about the functions of the Monarch in the UK.

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