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Part II

  • Find the English equivalents for the following lexical items. Learn the active vocabulary

  1. показывать

  2. основная тема искусства

  3. на пороге цивилизации

  4. классифицировать материал

  5. давать определение

в каких-либо терминах

  1. манипуляции с материалом

  2. взаимозаменяемый

  3. состоять из бесконечного числа

безликих людей

  1. пренебрежительный

  2. бесцеремонно обращаться

с природой

  1. примитивные потребности

  2. внутренняя тревога

  3. объединять случайные эпизоды

в единую композицию

  1. новое подтверждение

  2. дематериализовать форму

  3. уязвимый

  4. быть склонным к жестокости

  5. наглядная характеристика

  6. явное одиночество

человек как мера всех веще

й

  • Give full answers to the following questions

  1. What is Expressionism? Name a 20th-century artist who used this artistic style to convey his emotions.

  2. Cubism and Abstract Expressionism are both techniques that include the distortion of their subjects. What do these techniques say about the artists' point of view?

  3. Why have so many twentieth-century artists depicted despair in their paintings?

  • Fill in the gaps, using the active vocabulary

  1. In the 20th century, mechanization has given form to much of man's experience. Our arts _________________________ a mirror to our values.

  2. The machine has replaced the human being and his natural world as ____________________________________________________.

  3. Technology’s success in solving many problems has led ____________________________________________________.

  4. During the 20th century, science______________________________ chemicals, electrical impulses, and predictable patterns of behavior.

  5. As the machine is made up of countless_______________________ parts, so society ____________________________________________.

  6. One trend of modern art is labelled Expressionism. Driven by their emotional needs, the expressionists _________________________ through distortion and abstraction.

  7. Stimulation of ___________________________________ which live deep within us – this is the object of Expressionism.

  8. The human form is not always needed to express the depth of _________________________________________.

  9. Action painting is an extreme phase of Expressionism. The artist _________________________________________.

  10. Much of modern art is _____________________________ of the irrational, the unique, and the mystery of creativity and life itself.

  11. The old moral values have been destroyed. Many people, both young and old, ask themselves these questions: Have men _____________________, to causing suffering and death?

  12. Modern history is _________________________________ to the increased efficiency of man’s destructive power.

  13. Modern man has become alien and alone. His __________________________ is a major theme of modern literature and art.

  14. With the loss _____________________________, the world has, for many, become an empty space.

  • Post -Viewing Questions and Activities

  1. In recent years, the works of artists working in various fields – from photography to performance - have been the subject of controversy because of their content or the techniques that they have incorporated in their work in order to express themselves. Should there be a limit to what artists can do in the name of artistic expression. Should there be a limit to what artists can exhibit? Who should decide such things?

  1. What do you think the art of the future will be like? What kinds of changes do you foresee? What do you think people living in the twenty-first century will say about the art and artists of the 20th century? Use examples from both parts of the program to illustrate the trends.

Tasks to the Pictures

Look at Picture 16.

The massive spiral form of the Guggenheim Museum in New York City, built by Frank Lloyd Wright, breaks out of the typical urban streetscape and draws the viewer in. It was being constructed

  1. from 1935 to 1945

  2. from 1943 to 1959

  3. from 1889 to 1917

  4. from 1950 to 1967