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Step 1: Understanding the Information Historical Background 800 bc – 146 bc

  • Give the proper English equivalents

  1. монастырь

  2. поющие монахи

  3. несмотря на трудности жизни в ранние годы средневековья

  4. люди средневековья

  5. потребность к самовыражению

  6. наследство из сокровищ

  7. ранняя христианская эпоха

  8. падение Римской империи

  9. раннее средневековье

  10. изменения в торговле и успехи в архитектуре

  11. Ренессанс

  12. обратиться к церкви

  13. обратиться в христианство

  14. Римская Католическая Церковь

  15. наиболее мощная объединяющая сила

  16. в те мрачные времена

  17. чувство ценности (достоинства)

  18. расцвет средневековья

  19. Галлия

  20. провозгласить себя императором Священной Римской империи

  21. воюющие королевства

  22. освятить церковью

  23. условия жизни

  24. возрождение искусств

  25. распространение идей

  26. переписывать книги от рук

  27. украшенные цветными рисунками манускрипты

  28. каллиграфия

  29. ювелирное искусство

  30. огромное влияние

  31. жертвовать большие суммы денег

  32. готический стиль

  33. романский стиль

  34. витражи

  35. неизвестные мастеровые

  36. к концу средних веков

  37. вести разрушительную войну

  38. успешные торговые предприятия

оценивать роль церкв

и

  • Questions to answer

  1. What are the traditional start and closing dates of the Middle Ages?

  2. How did medieval people meet the basic need for self-expression?

  3. How long did a desolate period called the Dark Ages last?

  4. How did medieval people cope with difficult times in the Middle Ages?

  5. Why did Christianity become more popular during the Middle Ages?

  6. What changes did the remaining years of the Middle Ages see?

  • Explain in a nutshell why historians differ about the exact dates of the Middle Ages

  • Fill in the gaps. Use the above given words and word combinations. Translate the utterances into good Russian. Reproduce them in a look-up-and-say manner

  1. The growing popularity helped the Roman Catholic Church become ___________________________during the Middle Ages.

  2. In those grim times the Church gave people_______________________.

  3. The high period of the Middle Ages occurred during the reign of Charlemagne, a powerful king from ____________.

  4. Charlemagne crowned himself emperor of _______________________.

  5. In the year ________________________________________________.

  6. He was able to unite most of the small ________________of Europe under his rule, which was ___________________by the Catholic Church.

  7. This meant that Europe could spend more money on developing its resources and trade than on wars, more on building than on destruction, more on education than on defense. As ______________improved under Charlemagne, a revival of the Arts and education began to take place.

  8. More people learnt to read. With that came a _____________________.

  9. Even though books were still __________________________________.

  10. These books called ______________________were fully illustrated and decorated in gold.

  11. Artists also made advance in their crafts: calligraphy, architecture, painting, ___________________________________________________.

  12. Almost all of these great achievements were centered around the Church and reflected its _____________________________________________.

  13. People contributed ___________________________________________.

  14. Peasant laborers slaved for years to build magnificent churches in a new style called _________________________________________________.

  15. In contrast to the dark and narrow __________ style churches of the Dark Ages these new churches included __________fashioned by _________.

  16. By the close of the Middle Ages in ___________________ some areas of Europe were waging destructive wars, others having gained both wealth and leisure time from successful ________________________were busy ________________and becoming interested in other intellectual pursuits.

  17. Out of their activities grew the ________________.