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15. Answer the following questions:

1. Why is the town Mir so famous nowadays? 2. Is there an exact date of the foundation of the Mir Castle? 3. When and where was it mentioned for the first time? 4. Who was the first owner of the castle? 5. What kinds of fortifi­cations did the castle originally have? 6. What was the shape of the towers? 7. What architectural styles were combined in the Mir Castle? 8. Who finished the building of the castle? 9. What changes were added to the decotof the castle during the Radzivills' times? 10. What was the 'caprice' of one of the owners which has transformed into a legend nowadays? 11. №nV many wars did the castle survive? 12. What happened with the castle during the Patriotic War of 1812? 13. Who were the last owners of the castle? 14. What things were added by the last owners of the castle to the whole composition? 15. When was the reconstruction work started? 16. Is it allowed for the public to see the interior of the Mir Castle nowadays?

16. Agree or disagree with the following statements:

1. The Mir Castle is situated in Minsk region. 2. The Mir Castle was founded in the 16th century. 3. The. castle was built on the place of a former church. 4. It had a great variety of fortjfications characteristic of its time. 5. The Mir Castle has a volumetric composition thanks to the position and the shape of its towers. 6. All the five towers of the castle are the same. 7. The Radzivills finished the building of the castle. 8. Along the eastern and northern walls there was a five-storied palace. 9. There was an Italian garden and an artificial lake at the territory of the castle in the 17 th century. 10. The most dangerous ordeal for the castle was the Patriotic War of 1812. 11. The last owners of the castle completely destroyed the building and constructed a new castle. 12. The last prince from the Svyatopolk-Mirskies lived in the burial chapel till 1939 because the main building of the castle had been burnt. 13. During World War II there was a ghetto, and after that many refugees made it their home. 14. The reconstruction work of the Mir Castle is stopped at the moment. 15. The Mir-Castle is one of the monuments which are under protection of UNESCO.

17. Put in the right preposition where necessary:

1. The castle was mentioned ... the so-called 'Litovskaya metrica ... 1531 ... the first time. 2. The castle was built … a wooden feudal farmstead. 3. The castle was well adapted ... gunshot defense. 4. Some architectural means, charac­teristic ... the Belarusian Gothic, were used ... the Mir Castle. 5. A three-storied palace was built.:. the eastern and northern walls. 6. ... the north of the walls an Italian garden was laid,... the south — an artificial lake. 7. After the Patriotic War of 1812 no significant events took place ... the Mir Castle and ... its surroundings. 8. This pivot element defined the main promenade-route which led ... the main gate ... the pond to the castle. 9. This monument is ... the auspices of UNESCO.

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