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Comprehension and Discussion

Ex. 1. Say whether the following statements are true or false. Justify your answers with information from the text. For the statements you consider to be false provide the correct information. Here are the possible openings for you:



Really (sure) absolutely so.

It can be easily proved.

That is only partly true.

This is generally believed to be true.

This is believed by some to be true.

I don’t agree.

Not really.

I disagree, I am afraid...

That’s wrong...

I don’t think that’s right.

Surely not.

  1. Land and sea are very irregularly distributed on the earth.

  2. Many of the interior lands were at one time or another submerged below the sea.

  3. Most of the land area of the world is not located in the Northern Hemisphere.

  4. Antarctica and Australia are not joined to the great landmasses.

  5. Volcanoes can be built up beneath the sea.

Ex. 2. Which phrase on the right completes each sentence beginning on the left? Do you strongly agree or disagree with any of the statements?

  1. The two parts into which the earth’s surface is divided are …

  2. One of the two hemispheres contains four-fifths of all the land and the other one is …

  3. Many of the continental heartlands were …

  4. Most of the land area of the world is …

  5. Africa and South America are united with …

  6. Narrow necks of land are called …

  7. Most of the continents are triangular…

  8. The continental shelves are the submerged …

  9. An elevation above the surface of the earth with a small summit area is called …

  10. A plateau is an elevation which has …

  1. … a hill or a mountain.

  2. … a large surface area.

  3. … ocean basins and the continents which rise above them.

  4. … nearly nine-tenths covered by water.

  5. … drowned beneath the sea.

  6. … located in the Northern Hemisphere.

  7. … Eurasia and North America by narrow necks of land.

  8. … isthmuses.

  9. … in shape.

  10. … edges of the continent.

Ex. 3. Chose someone as a scientist and answer the students questions.

What is (are)

Could you explain to me

Can you tell me about

What do you mean by



the traditional division of the earth’s surface.

the distribution of land and sea on the earth.

how we know that many of the heartlands were at one time or another drowned beneath the sea.

by what North America is separated from Eurasia.

what the continental shelves look like.

the difference between an island and a peninsula.

how we distinguish young mountains from old ones.

Ex. 4. Speak on.

  1. The distribution of the land and sea on the earth: to distribute unevenly; to divide into; to contain; to cover; to be underlain by; to prove; to be drowned.

  2. The world’s main land masses: to locate; to separate; to join to; to unite with.

  3. Continents: to be triangular in shape; to extend; to end; to be shallow; to be called; to slope; to vary.

  4. Islands: to be surrounded by; to be created by; to build; to emerge; to become; to be composed of.

  5. Mountains: a small summit area, lofty; to have gentle slopes; steep; to be in existence; to have a rugged relief.

  6. Plateaus. Plains: above sea level; level land; to lie along the shore; to lie in the heart of; to be formed by; to be deposited by.

Ex. 5. Read the text. Get ready to give extensive answers to the questions:

  1. How do we know that the surface of the land is not everywhere the same?

  2. How does the surface of the country affect the life of man?

  3. Why are the mountainous areas thinly inhabited?

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