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Chapter 14

Ex. 1 Provide the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions:

Idioms and phrasal verbs

  1. What makes smb tick (323)(чем он живет)

  2. on the dole (323)получать пособие

  3. takeitstoll(325)иметь негативные последствия

  4. to duck one’s head (328)

  5. to come down to earth (328)

  6. be a piece of cake (328)пустячное дело

  7. bring to the fore (332)

  8. a loose cannon (344)

Useful words and expressions

  1. To be tantamount to sth (315)

  2. To be constrained (by time) (318)

  3. Classical literature (318)

  4. Synergy (320)

  5. A (tax/wage) hike (321)

  6. Pivotal (event, fact) (322)

  7. An insurmountable problem (323)

  8. jet lag (325)

  9. to be adept at (doing) sth (325)

  10. contend for sth (326)

  11. tangible (330)

  12. concise (330)

  13. to be pertinent to sth (336)

  14. grab (336)

  15. an integral element (337)

  16. poignant (339)

  17. plight (341)

  18. ensure (343)

Journalism related phrases

  1. To employ metaphor/contrast etc. (316)

  2. A historical feature (320)

  3. A television host (323)

  4. A clipping (324)

  5. Gonzo journalism (325)

  6. An excerpt (329)

  7. Masthead (331)

  8. The subject matter (332)

  9. Punchline (333)

  10. Writer’s block (333)

  11. Byline (336)

  12. Rookie (writers) (339)

Ex. 2 Match the following definitions with the words and expressions below:

  1. the additional effectiveness when two or more companies or people combine and work together synergy

  2. making you feel sad or full of pity poignant

  3. someone who has just started doing a job and has little experience rookie

  4. to be very easy a piece of cake

  5. receiving financial assistance from a governmental agency on the dole

  6. incapable of being overcome; insuperable insurmountable

  7. the title of a newspaper or magazine masthead

  8. the tired and confused feeling that you can get after flying a very long distance jet lag

  9. to make something more prominent or noticeable bring to the fore

  10. the basic drive or motivation of a person what makes smb tick

  11. a line at the beginning of an article in a newspaper or magazine that gives the writer's name byline

  12. to be skilled or proficient in something to be adept at (doing) smth

  13. a very bad situation that someone is in plight

  14. directly relating to something that is being considered [= relevant] pertinent

  15. to compete against someone in order to gain something contend for smth

  16. a short piece taken from a book, poem, piece of music etc excerpt

  17. to cause harm or suffering take its toll

  18. clear enough or definite enough to be easily seen or noticed ______________

  19. a necessary part of something an integral element

  20. a person who cannot be completely trusted because their behaviour is sometimes strange or violent a loose cannon

  21. to lower your head or body very quickly, especially to avoid being seen or hit duck

  22. Equivalent in effect or value tantamount to

  23. more important than anything else in a situation, system etc pivotal

  24. short, with no unnecessary words [= brief] concise

  25. to be limited constrained

  26. An often abrupt increase or rise, e.g. in price hike

  27. The emcee or interviewer on a radio or television program television host

  28. an article or picture that has been cut out of a newspaper or magazine [= cutting] clipping

  29. newspaper reporting that is concerned with shocking or exciting the reader and not with giving serious news gonzo journalism

  30. a condition in which an author loses the ability to produce new work writer’s block

  31. Matter under consideration in a written work or speech; a theme subject matter

  32. the last few words of a joke or story, that make it funny or surprising punchline

  33. to become realistic; to become alert to what is going on around one come down to earth

Ex. 3

  1. After his unemployment benefits ran out, his family was on the dole for a year.

  2. An excerpt of the speech appeared in the Sunday paper.

  3. The last point is particularly pertinent to today's discussion.

  4. Three armed groups are contending for power.

  5. Rescuing frightened cats is my specialty. Piece of cake!

  6. "Poverty and inadequate health care take their toll on the quality of a community's health" (Los Angeles Times).

  7. The language difference proved an insurmountable barrier.

  8. He showed us his collection of old press clippings about movie stars

  9. Divorce takes its toll on the children involved.

  10. The scheme must have tangible benefits for the unemployed.

  11. The programme's subject matter was quite unsuitable for children.

  12. Few of us can be unmoved by the plight of the Romanian orphans.

  13. The term gonzo journalism was first used to describe an articlebyHunter S. Thompson, who later popularized the style.

  14. He has no tangible evidence of John's guilt.

  15. Several airlines have proposed fare hikes, effective October

  16. Your summary should be as clear and concise as possible.

  17. Most writers have trouble with writer's block at some point in their careers.

  18. The silence of the countryside was almost tangible.

  19. Vegetables are an integral part of our diet.

  20. Our PR manager is very adept at dealing with the media.

  21. He's seen as a loose cannon by other team members. If anyone's going to get into a fight, it'll be Pete.

  22. She ducked her head to look more closely at the inscription.

  23. To leave a dog home alone is tantamount to cruelty.

  24. The Bank of England has a pivotal role in the London money market.

  25. Women's employment opportunities are often severely constrained by family commitments.

  26. The article appeared in The Economist under her byline.

  27. These rookie cops don't know anything yet.

  28. I took apart the radio to find out what made it tick.

  29. The president has proposed a hike in the minimum wage.

  30. I always forget the punch line of his joke.

  31. You have a fit of enthusiasm, John, but you must come down to earth. We can't possibly afford any of your suggestions.

  32. What makes John tick? I just don't understand him.

  33. Glad to help. It was a piece of cake.

  34. Synergy is the ability of a group to outperform even its best individual member.

  35. Every time I fly to the States, I get really bad jet lag.

  36. All the talk about costs brought the question of budgets to the fore.

  37. Famous TV host suspends show in response to censorship. (Egypt Independent)

  38. The masthead is not only the title of a newspaper but also a list of its staff.

Ex. 5 In chapter 14 the author uses the expression “classical literature”. Explain the difference in the usage of the words “classic” and “classical” and then fill in the gaps with the suitable option:

  1. He had all the classic symptoms of the disease.(typical)

  2. Do you prefer classical music like Mozart and Mahler, or pop? (music)

  3. Have you ever read Fielding's classic novel 'Tom Jones'? (high-quality)

  4. Aggression is a classic example of anti-social behavior.(typical)

  5. I adore the masterpieces of classical mythology. (Ancient Greece or Rome)

  6. She chose a classic navy suit for the ceremony (simple,traditional and fashionable)

  7. He is one of our greatest classical actors.(traditional)

  8. The Coca-Cola bottle is one of the classic designs of the last century. (admired, high-quality)

  9. It's classic - you arrive at the station on time and find that the train's left early.(typical,informal,unpleasant but expected)

  10. Does she study classical ballet or modern ballet? (traditional)

  11. Too many job hunters make the classic mistake of thinking only about what's in it for them.(typical)

Usage Note: Historic and historical have different usages, though their senses overlap. Historic refers to what is important in history: the historic first voyage to the moon. It is also used of what is famous or interesting because of its association with persons or events in history: a historic house. Historical refers to whatever existed in the past, whether regarded as important or not: a minor historical character. Historical also refers to anything concerned with history or the study of the past: a historical novel; historical discoveries. While these distinctions are useful, these words are often used interchangeably, as in historic times or historical times.

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