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  1. Advertorials can also be printed and presented as an entire newspaper section, inserted the same way within a newspaper as store fliers, comics sections, and other non-editorial content.

  2. Corrupt leaders were chosen in a fraudulent election.

  3. Fringe benefits include a company car and free health insurance.

  4. He continued to ponder the problem as he walked home.

  5. He has been charged with extortion and abusing his position.

  6. He has relinquished his claim to the throne.

  7. He was arrested for selling illicit copies of the software.

  8. Her speech struck a sympathetic chord among business leaders.

  9. His boss gave him a severe reprimand for being late.

  10. Hope of promotion and bonus payments served as an incentive to hard work.

  11. How will the rise in interest rates affect our bottom line?

  12. Hundreds of people gathered to mourn the slain president.

  13. In philosophy, especially that of Aristotle, the golden mean is the desirable middle between two extremes, one of excess and the other of deficiency.

  14. In relation to minor offenses or a first time offense you will receive a reprimand.

  15. The company's marketing rep was giving out pens and mugs - the usual freebies.

  16. In their zeal to catch drug dealers, police have ignored citizens' basic civil rights.

  17. It's clear that the company has a bias against women and minorities.

  18. Joseph does not conform to the stereotype of a policeman.

  19. Mark is not in the office today. He broke his leg yesterday, so he's on sick leave.

  20. My solicitor will call on your father to arrange business matters, and you shall be as happy as wealth and liberty can make you. An Unsocial Socialist by George Bernard Shaw

  21. No one wants to relinquish power once they have it.

  22. One of the organization's aims is the dissemination information about the disease.

  23. Profits plummeted from £49 million to £11 million.

  24. Since prosecutors are backed by the power of the state, they are usually subject to special professional responsibility rules in addition to those binding all lawyers.

  25. The child eavesdropped on her parents' discussion.

  26. The committee say they will judge each applicant on his or her own merits.

  27. The company paid for the minister to fly out to Australia on a freebie.

  28. The jury believed that the defendant was guilty.

  29. The donation has no strings attached, so the charity can use the money for whatever purpose it chooses.

  30. The phrase "chequebook journalism" is often used pejoratively, with the suggestion being that stories obtained by paying people are not so worthy as those obtained by traditional investigations.

  31. The public prosecutor modified the charges against him.

  32. The Swedes are not alone in finding their language under pressure from the ubiquitous spread of English.

  33. There are many ways to lead and every leader has his or her own style. Some of the more common styles include autocratic, bureaucratic, democratic, and laissez-faire.

  34. There is little incentive for people to leave their cars at home when public transport remains so expensive.

  35. There is nothing more dangerous than the conscience of a bigot. George Bernard Shaw

  36. They have to win the contract - thousands of jobs are at stake.

  37. We ended up having to foot the bill for a new roof because our insurance didn't cover storm damage.

  38. We've had three sets of prospective buyers looking round the house.

Ex. 7 In chapter 16 the author uses the expression “comprehensive watchdog”. Explain the difference in the usage of the words “comprehensive” and “comprehensible” and then fill in the gaps with the suitable option:

  1. We offer you a comprehensive training in all aspects of the business.

  2. Her speech was slurred and barely comprehensible.

  3. Is this list comprehensive or are there some names missing?

  4. He has written a fully comprehensive guide to Rome.

  5. He spoke abruptly, in barely comprehensible Arabic.

  6. Her writing is barely comprehensible to me.

  7. This book seems to make the subject of longitude comprehensible to most laymen.

  8. The curator of the museum was asked to draft a comprehensive listing of all the paintings generally attributed to the Dutch artist Rembrandt.

  9. Natalie's every move was photographed, a documentation of a happy childhood as comprehensive as it was false. John Gregory Dunne, New York Review of Books, 15 Jan. 2004

  10. The article is written in clear, comprehensible English.

  11. Astor in his comprehensive project, might throw light upon portions of our country quite out of the track of ordinary travel, and as yet but little known. Astoria or Anecdotes of an enterprise beyond the Rocky Mountains by Washington Irving.

Ex. 8 In chapter 16 the author uses the expression “prospective deals”. Explain the difference in the usage of the words “prospective” and “perspective” and then fill in the gaps with the suitable option:

  1. In 2005 [Jerry] Colangelo arranged face-to-face sit-downs with every prospective national team player, to hear in their own words why they wanted to represent their country. —Alexander Wolff, Sports Illustrated, 28 July 2008.

  2. The novel is written from a child's perspective.

  3. Advertising his prospective sports-ranking service, he sent out hundreds of letters to newspapers.

  4. Her attitude lends a fresh perspective to the subject.

  5. We have to look at everything from an international perspective.

  6. He writes from a Marxist perspective.

  7. When she started to burn out and didn't have the capital to renovate, she began showing the restaurant to prospective buyers.

  8. Because of its geographical position, Germany's perspective on the situation in Eastern Europe is rather different from Britain's.

8. In chapter 16 the author uses the word “admission”. Explain the difference in the usage of the words “admission” and “admittance” by filling in the gaps with the suitable option:

It is often maintained that admittance should be used only to refer to achieving physical access to a place (He was denied admittance to the courtroom), and that admission should be used for the wider sense of achieving entry to a group or institution (her admission to the club; China's admission to the United Nations). There is no harm in observing this distinction, though it is often ignored. But admission is much more common in the sense "a fee paid for the right of entry": The admission to the movie was five dollars; Admission: $10 for adults, $5 for children.

We then have admission fee or admission free. Besides, the word admission is used to speak about a statement in which you admit that something is true or that you have done something wrong, e.g.The Senator's admission that he had lied to Congress shocked many Americans. Admittance on the other hand is related to official matters and is often used in a negative sense. You would see a sign that says No admittance outside a government research centre, in certain places at airports, which means in effect Keep out. It should also be noted that the word admission used in its plural form stands for the process of allowing people to enter a university, institution etc, or the number of people who can enter, e.g. The college has a very selective admissions policy.

  1. In chapter 16 the author uses the words “barrister” and “solicitor”. Explain the difference in the usage of the words “barrister”, “solicitor” and “attorney” and fill in the gaps with the suitable option:

In the English system, solicitors represent people and prepare their cases before they reach the court; barristers present and argue the cases in court. Solicitors do not represent people in court except in magistrate’s courts.

In the American system, attorneys represent people, prepare cases and present and argue them in court.

Thus, in the UK the major role of the barrister is to conduct court appearances. While solicitors spend most of their time out of court. Solicitors are involved in the day-to-day legal affairs of their clients, primarily focused on tasks such as conveyancing of property transactions or providing legal services to businesses such as drafting contracts, the protection of intellectual property, the filing of defamation suits, advice on regulatory issues or any other type of legal service which their clients will need in order to assure their business processes.

Ex. 11

increase

decrease

Advance, leap, skyrocket, soar, surge

Retreat, slide, slip, dip, nosedive, tumble, plummet, slump, plunge

Ex. 12

        1. plunged

        2. retreated

        3. dipped

        4. slid

        5. advance

        6. slumped

        7. plummeted

        8. nosedive

        9. tumbled

        10. skyrocketing/soaring

        11. leapt

        12. soared/skyrocketed

        13. slumped/slipped

Ex. 14 Translate the sentences into English in writing paying special attention to the use of vocabulary units:

  1. Проблемы в компании начались еще до того, как он стал ее генеральным директором, но дела пошли еще хуже из-за его либеральногостиля управления. laissez-faire management style

  2. Когда обвиняемыйсказал, что он не мог не совершить кражу, т.к.на конубыла жизнь его семьи, этовызвало глубокое сочувствиесреди присяжных.defendant,atstake,strikeachord

  3. Мировое сообщество было удивлено тем, что Всемирный Банк решил оказать помощь обанкротившемуся государству без каких-либо условий.withnostringsattached

  4. В нашем банке одним из самых эффективных стимуловк работе являются многочисленныедополнительные льготы, такие как медицинская страховка и предоставление служебного телефона.incentivefor,fringebenefits

  5. Сотрудники, находившиеся на больничномво время проведения проверки и не явившиеся на общее собрание, получили строгийвыговор, однако руководитель так и не услышал от нихпризнаниявины, вместо этого многие решили уволиться в знак протеста.onsickleave,reprimand,admissionofguilt

  6. Адвокатгосподина Джонсона пытался доказать, что его клиент не совершил никакихнезаконныхдеяний и что обвинения ввымогательствебыли безосновательны, однакопрокуроруудалось представить неоспоримые доказательства того, что недавно приобретенный автомобиль Джонсона был неподарком, а взяткой за содействие.barrister,illicit,extortion,prosecutor,freebie

  7. В своем усердиизаставить своих детейсоответствоватьобразу «идеального человека» он стал настоящимфанатиком. И только несколько лет спустя он признал свои ошибки.zeal,conformto,bigot

  8. До сих пор считается, что при приеме на работу имеет место некая предвзятостьк женщинам. Но еслисудить по заслугам, то очевидно, что женщины ни в чем не уступают мужчинам.bias,judgesthonitsmerits

  9. Стоит отметить, что наша задача заключается в том, чтобы превратить потенциальныхклиентов реальных, несмотря на сильную конкуренцию.prospective clients

  10. В результате массовых восстаний руководству страны пришлось отказатьсяот власти и уйти из политики.relinquishpower

  11. Одной из основополагающих функций прессы является распространение информации, а также предоставление объективных фактов.informationdissemination

  12. Вы не могли бы предоставить мне полныйотчет обалансе расходов и доходовнашей компании, а также доклад о том, почему объем продаж в этом месяцеупална 7%.comprehensive,bottomline,plummet

  13. Для того чтобы узнать хоть что-то о предстоящей сделке, им пришлось подслушатьпереговоры сторон.eavesdrop

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