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9. Answer the questions.

  1. What could prevent numerous strokes and heart attacks?

  2. In which way does high blood pressure influence the human body?

  3. Why aren’t people with high blood pressure being treated for it?

  4. What makes the risk of hypertension higher?

  5. Why is salt-laden diet harmful?

  6. Is physical activity important for preventing the development of

hypertension?

  1. Which products should prevail in your diet?

  2. Is there a direct link between hypertension and stress?

Language focus

10. Find words or phrases in the text which have these meanings.

1. duty or responsibility for doing smth

2. amount indicated or registered by a measuring instrument

3. looking out for possible danger, trouble

4. lasting for only a short time

5. the state of being informed of smth

6. three times as much or as many

11. Match the words into collocations.

1

to strengthen

a

consumption

2

to put

b

danger

3

a build-up of

c

food

4

a rich source of

d

reading

5

binge

e

increase

6

to strain

f

diet

7

to cut salt

g

threefold

8

alcohol

h

disease

9

chronic

i

symptoms

10

to increase blood pressure

j

the heart

11

processed

k

awareness

12

lack of

l

to a safer level

13

transient

m

the heart

14

to open up

n

drinking

15

blood pressure

o

blood

16

salt-laden

p

fatty deposits

17

to reduce

q

by a third

18

external

l

stress

19

oxygenated

r

vessels

20

to be alert to

s

at risk

21

cardiovascular

t

potassium

12. Choose a word from the box to match one of the definitions below.

serving build up staggering awareness controversial scant clogged strain alert susceptible

onus intake vessel takeaway

1) a meal or dish bought from a shop or restaurant to be eaten elsewhere;

2) an amount of food, air, or another substance taken into the body;

3) a duct or canal holding or conveying blood or other fluid;

4) blocked with an accumulation of thick, wet matter;

5) a portion or helping of food or drink;

6) easily influenced by feelings or emotions; sensitive;

7) something that is one's duty or responsibility;

8) barely sufficient or adequate;

9) to know about or understand something, especially a possible danger or problem;

10) progressive increase in number, size, etc;

11) giving rise or likely to give rise to controversy or public disagreement;

12) knowledge or understanding of a particular subject or situation;

13) to injure (a limb, muscle, or organ) by overexerting it;

14) astounding or overwhelming; shocking.

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