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3. Match words from columns a and b to make collocations, then make sentences.

A

B

Lab

Reaction

Medical

Intake

Passive

Tests

Allergic

Smoking

Respiratory

History

Vitamin

Activity

Strenuous

Infection

The lab tests will reveal whether iron deficiency is the cause of the problem.

4. Match the sets of adjectives to the nouns to form collocations. Choose any 3 sets and make sentences.

Anyone suffering from a contagious disease has to be quarantined in order to prevent the infection from spreading.

1

fatal, contagious

condition

2

congenital, chronic

wound

3

serious, slight

dizziness

4

holistic, conventional

treatment

5

speedy, miraculous

injuries

6

multiple, internal

disease

7

superficial, flesh

medicine

8

emergency, on-going

recovery


Commonly Confused Words

5. Select two suitable words which can complete each sentence.

  1. He felt a stabbing / knifing / cutting / piercing / needling pain in his side as he bent to pick up the ball.

  2. Most doctors do not usually know much about non-conformist / holistic / alternative / conventional /orthodox medicine.

  3. He will have to suffer / take / undergo / experience / have treatment at the cardiac clinic very soon.

  4. David was doubtful about whether he could play in the match or not because of a/an niggling / irritable / recurring / inflammatory / terminal injury.

  5. The dentist assured me that I would feel only petty / mild / trivial / slight / little discomfort as he did the fillings in my teeth.

  6. A surprising number of people have toxic / noxious / poisonous / allergic / adverse reactions to very common foodstuffs.

6. Study the pairs of words/phrases below and make sentences in order to show their difference in meaning.

1 cut / incision

2 pain / tenderness

3 dizzy / faint

4 hoarse voice / sore throat

5 nausea / vertigo

6 diagnosis/prescription

7 consultation / examination

8 exhaustion / exertion

9 midwife / matron

10 recuperate / improve

The young boy had a nasty cut on his finger. The surgeon stitched up the incision and removed his gloves.

WOUNDS AND INJURIES

1. Study the difference.

Wound (n, v) and injury are both used to describe damage to the body, but a wound is generally caused by a weapon (e.g. gun or knife) and it is usually intentional.

He shot the man in the chest. (= a bullet wound in the chest) [from a gun]

He stabbed the boy in the back. (= a knife wound in the back)

He got into a fight and got beaten up. He had a black eye and two broken ribs.

2. INJURIES. Choose the correct answer.

1. He got that ….. on his forehead when he ran into an open cupboard door in the dark a few days ago.

a) blister b) bruise c) scar d) sprain

2. Mary was ….. by a wasp while she was gathering some pears.

a) bitten b) eaten c) stung d) wounded

3. Be careful, don't ….. yourself when you are cutting those roses.

a) pick b) prick c) sting d) wound

4. I fell off my bicycle when I was five and I still have a ….. on my knee.

a) freckle b) scar c) hole d) scratch

5. He got a terrible ….. on the head when he forgot to bend as he went through the low doorway.

a) bump b) hunch c) ripple d) wrinkle

6. This ….. dates from my operation last year.

a) cut b) scar c) scratch d) sore

7. A sword will only draw blood if it actually ….. the skin.

a) pierces b) pricks c) plunges d) thrusts

8. I have a ….. on my leg where you hit me.

a) blister b) bruise c) hole d) wound

9. She cried so much that her face became ….. .

a) fat b) soft c) swollen d) torn

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