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3. Find the answers to the questions.

1. What do you think artificial intelligence means?

2. Can robots be intelligent?

3. What false opinion was spread among some scientists in early days of AI?

3. What subsets of interests does AI encompass?

4. What is the main idea of AI problem-solving?

5. What is meant by fuzzy logic?

6. What is an expert system?

7. How does an expert system work?

8. Where might you find an expert system at home, at work?

9. What role does natural language play in a process of creating AI?

10. Give some successful and infamous examples.

11. What role will robots and AI play in our everyday life?

4. Complete the sentences.

1. Everybody agrees that ... .

2. According to the technical dictionary ... .

3. In early days of artificial intelligence ... .

4. Few people talk like this today ... .

5. ... several subsets of interests.

6. ... as an expert on a particular topic

7. ... with the sense of context that humans have.

8. ... which potentially makes it easier for the robot to learn.

5. Match the following English words with their definitions.

1.

robot

a.

is a branch of computer science concerned with teaching computers to think.

2.

an expert system

b.

is an approach to computing based on "degrees of truth" rather than the usual "true or false" (1 or 0) Boolean logic on which the modern computer is based.

3.

artificial intelligence

c.

is a computer program that simulates the judgment and behaviour of a human or an organization that has expert knowledge and experience in a particular field.

4.

robotics

d.

computers whose chips are designed to mimic the human brains

5.

neutral networks

e.

traditionally recognize objects by their shapes or else “see” a dominant colour.

6.

vision robots

f.

is a computer-controlled device that can physically manipulate its surroundings.

7.

fuzzy logic

g.

is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots.

6. True or false statements.

  1. Artificial intelligence is only used in playing chess.

  2. AI software can rely on vocabulary and rules of grammar for language translation.

  3. In early days of AI, scientists thought that it would be useful just to stuff facts into computer; however facts are useless without the ability to interpret and learn form them.

  4. Robots are distinct from ordinary computers in their physical nature -- normal computers don't have a physical body attached to them.

  5. Robots have to look or act like humans but they don't need to be flexible to perform different tasks.

  6. Already, there are prototype medical robots designed to ask patients about their symptoms and to provide counsel, simulating comforting emotions -- a role traditionally occupied by a human doctor.

  7. Robots and artificial intelligence are two of the most exciting scientific fields today.

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