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МІНІСТЕРСТВО ОСВІТИ І НАУКИ УКРАЇНИ

КИЇВСЬКИЙ НАЦІОНАЛЬНИЙ УНІВЕРСИТЕТ

ТЕХНОЛОГІЙ ТА ДИЗАЙНУ

Англійська мова

Методичні вказівки для студентів III курсу

зі спеціальності «Інформаційні технології проектування»

Затверджено

на засіданні кафедри

іноземних мов ф-ту ТЛП

протокол №__від________2009р.

Зав. кафедри Барамикова Т.В.

“____” ________________200__р.

Київ кнутд 2009

Англійська мова: методичні вказівки для студентів III курсу зі спеціальності «Інформаційні технології проектування» / Упор.: Н.В. Єкименкова – К.: КНУТД, 2009. – 47 с.

Упорядник: Н.В. Єкименкова

Відповідальний за випуск зав. кафедрою іноземних мов ф-ту ТЛП к.ф.н., доцент Т.В.Барамикова

Затверджено на засіданні кафедри іноземних мов ф-ту ТЛП

Протокол №___ від __________ р.

Unit 1 Topic: Computers in our life

I. Reading skills

1. Pre-reading tasks

a) You will read a text about place of computers in our life.

  • What do you know about computer?

  • What do modern computers deal with?

b) Read and remember the following words and word combinations used in their specialized meanings.

to imagine - уявляти

digital revolution - цифрова революція

simultaneously – одночасно

access – доступ

diagnose – діагностувати

thoroughly – цілком, старанно, належним чином

irreplaceable – незамінний

be stored – зберігатися в пам’яті комп’ютера

hard disk - жорсткий диск

accountancy - бухгалтерія

criminology – кримінологія

crime - злочин

to collect evidence - збирати свідчення

to be illiterate - бути безграмотним (неписьменним, неосвіченим)

2. Read and translate the following text into Ukrainian. Computers in our life

Nowadays, we cannot imagine our life without computers and the fact is that they have become so important that nothing can replace them. They seem to be everywhere today. Since 1948 when the first real computer has been invented our life has changed so much that we can call it real digital revolution.

First computers differed from today's ones. They were so huge that they occupied whole rooms or buildings being relatively slow. They were not faster than modern simple watches or calculators. Nowadays they are also used by scientists and they may also be as huge as the old ones but they are millions times faster. They can perform many complex operations simultaneously and scientist practically can't do without them. Thanks to them the people have access to enormous amount of information. Gathering data has never been simpler than now. They are not only used in laboratories but also in factories to control production. Sometimes it is computers who manufacture other computers.

But not only in science and industry computers are being used. Thanks to them modern medicine can diagnose diseases faster and more thoroughly. Also in banking system computers have become irreplaceable. They control ATMs, all data is stored on special hard disks and paper isn't used in accountancy any more. Furthermore, architects, designers and engineers can't imagine their work without computers. This machines are really everywhere and we depend on them also in such fields as criminology. They help police to solve crimes and collect evidence.

Moreover, computers are wide-spread in education. Except their classic tasks such as administration and accountancy they are used in process of learning. Firstly, they store enormous amount of data which helps students to gain information. Secondly, thanks to special teaching techniques and programs they improve ours skills of concentration and assimilation of knowledge. They have become so popular that not knowing how to use them means to be illiterate.

Of course except these superb features there is also dark side of computer technology because every invention brings us not only benefits but also threats.

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