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2. Make up a plan in the form of questions.

3. Give а summary of the text according to your plan in a written form.

IV. Comprehensive skills

1. Read and remember.

1. resemble – нагадувати, бути схожим

2. tiny integrated circuit – крихітна інтегральна схема

3. occupy а fraction of the space – займати дуже мало місця

4. wristwatch – ручний годинник

5. embedded computer – вбудований комп’ютер

6. fighter aircraft – літак-винищувач

7. versatility – універсальність

8. gear – коліщатко

2. Listen to the text “Computer” and try to understand it.

3. Read these statements and answer if they are true or false.

1. A computer is a machine that manipulates data according to a list of instructions.

2. The first devices that resemble modern computers date to the mid-19th century.

3. Early electronic computers were the size of a large room, consuming as much power as several hundred modern personal computers.

4. Modern computers are based on tiny gears.

5. Today, simple computers may be made small enough to fit into a wristwatch.

4. Listen to the text once again and answer the following questions:

1. What kind of machine is a computer?

2. When did the first devices resembling modern computers appear?

3. What are modern computers based on?

4. May modern computers be made small enough to fit into a wristwatch and be powered from a watch battery?

5. What ability makes the computer versatile?

V. Communicative skills

Topic for discussion: Computers changing our life (Use additional materials).

Unit 2

Topic: Different types of computers

I. Reading skills

1. Pre-reading tasks

a) You will read a text about the different types of the computers.

  • What do you know about computers of different types?

  • Where do the users usually use computers of different types?

b) Read and remember the following words and word combinations used in their specialized meanings.

to imply – припускати, гадати, передбачати

to process – обробляти (дані)

to display – відображувати на екрані

microcomputer - мікрокомп’ютер

portability - портативність, здатність до переміщення, транспортабельність

desktop system – настільна система, система типу «робочий стіл»

versatility – універсальність, багатофункціональність

brethren - брати

trackball - кульовий маніпулятор, трекбол

hard drive - жорсткий диск

battery-operated package - комплект, який працює від батареї

hardcover book – книга в жорсткій обкладинці

palmtop - кишеньковий персональний комп’ютер

flash memory – флеш-пам'ять

to rely on - сподіватися, покладатися на

touch screen technology - технологія, де використовуються сенсорні екрани

handheld computer - кишеньковий комп’ютер (мікрокалькулятор)

enhanced capabilities – розширені можливості

workstation - робоча станція, автоматизоване робоче місце

mainframe – універсальна обчислювальна машина

to fall out of use – вийти з використання

transaction – операція, угода

wearable computer- мініатюрний комп’ютер

visor - козирок

2. Read and translate the following text into Ukrainian. What are the different types of the computers?

There are a lot of terms used to describe computers. Most of these words imply the size, expected use or capability of the computer. While the term computer can apply to virtually any device that has a microprocessor in it, most people think of a computer as a device that receives input from the user through a mouse or keyboard, processes it in some fashion and displays the result on a screen.

PC - The personal computer (PC) defines a computer designed for general use by a single person. While a Mac is a PC, most people relate the term with systems that run the Windows operating system. PCs were first known as microcomputers because they were a complete computer but built on a smaller scale than the huge systems in use by most businesses.

Desktop - A PC that is not designed for portability. The expectation with desktop systems is that you will set the computer up in a permanent location. Most desktops offer more power, storage and versatility for less cost than their portable brethren.

Laptop - Also called notebooks, laptops are portable computers that integrate the display, keyboard, a pointing device or trackball, processor, memory and hard drive all in a battery-operated package slightly larger than an average hardcover book.

Palmtop - More commonly known as Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs), palmtops are tightly integrated computers that often use flash memory instead of a hard drive for storage. These computers usually do not have keyboards but rely on touch screen technology for user input. Palmtops are typically smaller than a paperback novel, very lightweight with a reasonable battery life. A slightly larger and heavier version of the palmtop is the handheld computer.

Workstation - A desktop computer that has a more powerful processor, additional memory and enhanced capabilities for performing a special group of task, such as 3D Graphics or game development.

Server - A computer that has been optimized to provide services to other computers over a network. Servers usually have powerful processors, lots of memory and large hard drives.

Mainframe - In the early days of computing, mainframes were huge computers that could fill an entire room or even a whole floor! As the size of computers has diminished while the power has increased, the term mainframe has fallen out of use in favor of enterprise server. You'll still hear the term used, particularly in large companies to describe the huge machines processing millions of transactions every day.

Minicomputer - Another term rarely used anymore, minicomputers fall in between microcomputers (PCs) and mainframes (enterprise servers). Minicomputers are normally referred to as mid-range servers now.

Supercomputer - This type of computer usually costs hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars. Although some supercomputers are single computer systems, most are comprised of multiple high performance computers working in parallel as a single system. The best known supercomputers are built by Cray Supercomputers.

Wearable - The latest trend in computing is wearable computers. Essentially, common computer applications (e-mail, database, multimedia, calendar/scheduler) are integrated into watches, cell phones, visors and even clothing!

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