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Notes to the text

1)photoconductivity of bismuth telluride compounds – фотопроводимость висмутотеллурных соединений

2)metrics of transistor electronics – метрика полупроводниковой электроники

26 Отметьте в тексте предложения, которые являются эквивалентными русских.

1 В начале войны семья уехала на Урал.

2 Именно лабораторные исследования привлекали его.

3 С того времени полупроводники стали основными объектами научных интересов Алферова.

4 С 1962 года Жорес Алферов работает в области полупроводниковых гетероструктур.

27 Заполните пропуски подходящими по смыслу словами.

  1. His first … were directed by a research associate N.N. Sozina.

  2. The director of the Institute understood the importance of … the interest of young people to science.

  3. It was a very important problem … by their not very big team.

  4. That work … a great influence on Alferov.

28 Закончите предложения, используя предлагаемые варианты.

  1. After finishing the school Zh. Alferov entered

  1. the Physico-Technical Institute in Leningrad;

  2. the Leningrad Electrotechnical Institute;

  3. the Minsk Polytechnical Institute.

  1. His graduation thesis was devoted to the problem of

  1. investigating elementary particles;

  2. developing cosmology;

  3. obtaining the thin films and investigating semiconductors.

  1. The thirst Soviet transistor receivers were shown to the “top authorities” in

  1. May 1963;

  2. December 1952;

  3. March 1953.

  1. Since 1962 Zhores Alferov has been working in the area of

  1. communication engineering;

  2. III–V semiconductors heterostructures;

  3. nuclear engineering.

    1. Oтветьте на вопросы:

  1. When and where was Zh. Alferov born?

  2. What were his parents?

  3. What school did Zhores go to?

  4. Why did Zh. Alferov choose the Leningrad Electrotechnical Institute?

  5. What can you say about Alferov’s scientific interests at the Institute?

  6. What determined Alferov’s scientific career?

  7. What work exerted a great influence upon Zh. Alferov?

  8. What area has Zh. Alferov been working in since 1962?

  9. What positions did he hold?

  10. When was Zh. Alferov awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics?

  11. What principle has he been following in his life?

    1. Прочитайте текст. Разделите его на смысловые части, подберите название к каждой из них.

    1. Расположите предложения согласно логике повествования.

  1. In post-war situation Zhores attended an only boy’s school in the destroyed Minsk-city.

  2. He began to comprehend the significance of the technology not only for electronic devises, but in basic research work too.

  3. At the beginning of the war the family left for the Urals.

  4. Since 1962 Zh. I. Alferov has been working in the area of III-V semiconductor heterostructures.

  5. Begin a third-year student, he began to work in a laboratory of vacuum processes.

  6. For his research Professor Zh. I. Alferov was awarded a number of national and international prizes.

    1. Используя факты из текста, придумайте рассказы на следующие темы:

  1. Zhores’s childhood;

  2. his scientific interests at the Institute;

  3. Alferov’s work at the Physico-Thechnical Institute;

  4. his contribution to physics.

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