Добавил:
Upload Опубликованный материал нарушает ваши авторские права? Сообщите нам.
Вуз: Предмет: Файл:
Английский язык.doc
Скачиваний:
182
Добавлен:
22.02.2016
Размер:
1.25 Mб
Скачать

3 Выполните задания:

а) найдите в тексте слова, имеющие общий корень со словами перед текстом. Определите, к какой части речи они относятся и каковы их значения:

to foresee – предвидеть to profit – приносить пользу

to research – исследовать to achieve – достигать

orbit – орбита

b) прочитайте и переведите текст.

In the foresseable future we may have long-term (долгосрочный) orbital station and laboratories with researchers. Passenger rockets will be different from present-day spaceships (космические корабли). At present passenger rockets carrying people to her planets are still a dream (мечта). It might happen that the achievement of supersonic (сверхзвуковой) aviation will make the passenger rocket unprofitable and mail and cargo rockets will be used on the Earth routes but these rockets will be used when traveling to orbital laboratories and stations on other planets.

Grammar review

4 Проанализируйте формы глагола Perfect Active и Passive, приведенные в табли­це:

Времена группы Perfect

Active

Passive

to have + Participle II

to have + been + Participle II

Present Past

Future

He has received a letter.

He had received a letter by yesterday evening.

He will have received a letter by tomorrow evening.

The letter has been received. The letter had been received by yesterday evening.

The letter will have been received by tomorrow evening.

Прочитайте текст и проанализируйте случаи употребления времен группы Perfect.

An Active Generation

SON: Mummy, do you remember that old vase that has been handed down from generation to generation in our family?

MOTHER: Yes, dear, what about it?

SON: Well, it has been broken by this generation.

5 Найдите в каждом ряду глагол во времени группы Perfect.

  1. a) are determining; b) determined; c) has been determined.

  2. a) have furnished; b) is being furnished; c) furnish.

  3. a) turn; b) were turning; c) has turned.

  4. a) meeting; b) will have met; c) are being met.

  5. a) had refused; b) refused; c) refuse.

  6. a) obtain; b) have been obtained; c) is being obtained.

  7. a) had been offered; b) offered; c) shall offer.

  8. a) will be added; b) are added; c) has added.

  9. a) was discovered; b) has been discovered; c) discovers.

  10. a) are following; b) will follow; c) had been followed.

6 Сравните пары предложений и переведите их.

1 Sometimes he comes by car. 1 He has just come by car.

2 Every day the students translated 2 The students have translated text.

one page.

3 I knew him in the 70s. 3 I have known him since 1970.

4 They were having lunch when 4 They had already had lunch when I came into the room. when I came into the room.

5 We'll finish the work tomorrow. 5 We'll have finished the work

by 5 o'clock tomorrow.

6 The experiment was completed 6 He said that the experiment

two days ago. had been completed by the

end of last month.

7 Her plans are changed every day. 7 Her plans have been already changed.

Соседние файлы в предмете [НЕСОРТИРОВАННОЕ]