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Composit e Materials for Aircraft Structures

Second Edition

A l a n B a k e r

Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures, and Defence Science and Technology Organisation, Department of Defenee, Australia

Stuart D u t t o n

Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures

D o n a l d Kelly

University of New South Wales

IId A ! A A~


Joseph A. Schetz

Series Editor-in-Chief

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Blacksburg, Virginia

Published by

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Reston, VA 20191-4344

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc., Reston, Virginia









Baker, A. A. (Alan A.)





Composite materials for aircraft structures /

Alan Baker, Stuart




Dutton, and Donald Kelly-- 2nd ed.





p. cm. - - (Education series)





Rev. ed. of: Composite materials for aircraft

structures / edited




by B. C. Hoskin and A. A. Baker.





ISBN 1-56347-540-5





1. Airplanes-Materials. 2. Compsite materials.

I. Durron,




Stuart. II. Kelly, Donald, Donald (Donald W.) III. Title. IV. Series: AIAA




education series.





TL699.C57B35 2004










Copyright © 2004 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Data and information appearing in this book are for informationalpurposes only. AIAA is not responsible for any injury or damage resulting from use or reliance, nor does AIAA warrant that use or reliance will be free from privately owned rights.

AIAA Education Series


Joseph A. Schetz

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Editorial Board

Takahira Aoki

David K. Holger

University of Tokyo

lowa State University

Robert H. Bishop

Rakesh K. Kapania

University of Texas at Austin

Virginia Polytechnic Institute

Claudio Bruno

and State University


University of Rome

Brian Landrum

Aaron R. Byerley

University of Alabama,


U.S. Air Force Academy


Richard Colgren

Achille Messac

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

University of Kansas


Kajal K. Gupta

Michael Mohaghegh

The Boeing Company

NASA Dryden Flight Research



Todd J. Mosher

Albert Helfrick

University of Utah


Embry-Riddle Aeronautical

Conrad F. Newberry


Naval Postgraduate School

Rikard B. Heslehurst

David K. Schmidt

Australian Defence Force

University of Colarado,


Colarado Springs

David M. Van Wie

Johns Hopkins University


This Second Edition of Composite Materials for Aircraft Structures edited by Alan Baker, Stuart Dutton and Donald Kelly is an updated, comprehensive treatment of a stimulating and challenging subject in the aerospace field with ever increasing importance. The First Edition has proven to be a valuable part of the AIAA Education Book Series, and we are delighted to welcome this new edition to the series. The lead editor of the First Edition, Brian Hoskin, has since passed away, but the new editorial team has done an admirable job of maintaining the high standards of the earlier book. The Second Edition features considerable new and updated material, and there are now 16 chapters and an appendix. The evolution of this edition is traced in the Preface.

The AIAA Education Series aims to cover a very broad range of topics in the general aerospace field, including basic theory, applications and design. A complete list of titles published in the series can be found on the last pages in this volume. The philosophy of the series is to develop textbooks that can be used in a college or university setting, instructional materials for intensive continuing education and professional development courses, and also books that can serve as the basis for independent self study for working professionals in the aerospace field. We are constantly striving to expand and upgrade the scope and content of the series, so suggestions for new topics and authors are always welcome.



AIAA Education Series


Foreword to first edition

Composite Materials for Aircraft Structures, edited by B. C. Hoskin and A. A. Baker, is the latest addition to the AIAA Education Series inaugurated in 1984. The series represents AIAA's response to the need for textbooks and monographs in highly specialized disciplines of aeronautics and astronautics. Composite Materials for Aircraft Structures, just such a case in point, should prove particularly timely because the field has surged in composite applications.

Composite Materialsfor Aircraft Structures provides a broad introduction to virtually all aspects of the technology of composite materials for aircraft structural applications: the basic theory of fiber reinforcements; material characteristics of the commonly used fibers, resins, and composite systems; components form and manufacture; structural mechanics of composite laminates; composite joints; environmental effects; durability and damage tolerance; nondestructive inspection (NDI) and repair procedures; aircraft applications; and airworthiness considerations.

This text, expanded and updated, has been prepared from notes used in a series of lectures given at the Aeronautical Research Laboratories (ARL), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. All lecturers were officers in either the Structures or Aircraft Materials Divisions of ARL. The table of contents gives the names of the lecturers, together with their topics.

The lectures originated with a request to ARL from the Australian Department of Aviation' s Airworthiness Branch. The Director of the Aeronautical Research Laboratories, Department of Defense, Australia, has authorized publication of the expanded and updated text by AIAA.



AIAA Education Series


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