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Контрольные работы Методические указания к контрольной работе № 1

Для того, чтобы правильно выполнить контрольную работу № 1, необходимо повторить следующий материал по фонетике: алфавит, гласные и согласные, транскрипция, общие правила чтения согласных, гласных в 4-х позициях и чтение буквосочетаний ("Вводно-коррективный курс", уроки 1-4). Следует проработать следующий материал по грамматике:

  1. Формы настоящего, прошедшего и будущего времени Simple действительного залога. Present, Past, Future Simple Tenses (Active Voice).

  2. Оборот there + be (there is/are) в утвердительных, отрицательных и вопросительных предложениях.

  3. Степени сравнения имен прилагательных.

  4. Модальные глаголы.

По словообразованию следует повторить основные суффиксы прилагательных и существительных.

Для выполнения контрольной работы и овладения данным грамматическим материалом необходимо выполнить грамматические упражнения данного пособия.

К зачету:

Необходимо проработать весь грамматический материал и материал тренировочной контрольной работы № 1. Знать активную лексику к и уметь переводить тексты дополнительного чтения.

Тренировочная контрольная работа № 1

  1. Выпишите из текста все слова с согласной "g" в две колонки: в одну пишите слова, где согласная читается как [g], в другую – как [dз]. Дайте их транскрипцию.

  2. Выпишите из текста названия месяцев и дайте их транскрипцию. Запомните их произношение.

  3. Расположите в алфавитном порядке (учитывая не только первую букву, но и последующие) все слова из первого абзаца текста.

  4. Выпишите из текста по одному предложению в Present, Past и Future Simple Tenses. Поставьте эти предложения в отрицательную и вопросительную форму, используя образец:

He called the next month August.

He did not call the next month August.

Did he call the next month August?

  1. Выпишите из текста все нестандартные глаголы, рядом дайте их форму в Past Simple.

  2. Выпишите из текста все предложения с конструкцией there is/are. Поставьте эти предложения в отрицательную и вопросительную форму.

  3. Составьте предложения из следующих слов и словосочетаний и переведите их на русский язык:

  1. many historical places, in this city, there are

  2. a museum, in this street, there is

  3. in our library, there are not, many books, English

  4. university, in Pskov, there is, no

  5. in St. Petersburg, many beautiful buildings, there are

  1. Дайте сравнительную и превосходную степени следующих прилагательных:

long, deep, small, big, beautiful, powerful, happy.

  1. Выпишите из текста прилагательное, которое не по правилам образует степени сравнения. Напишите его степени сравнения и степени сравнения прилагательных "many" и "little".

  2. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на модальные глаголы:

  1. He can play football.

  2. I cannot swim well.

  3. He could not translate the text.

  4. May I come in?

  5. We must work hard at all the subjects.

  6. You must write a letter today.

  7. They have to translate this text without a dictionary.

  8. This client is able to discuss these problems.

  9. You are allowed to use a dictionary.

  10. We mustn't speak so loud.

  1. Определите, какой частью речи являются данные слова. Перепишите и переведите их, подчеркнув суффиксы:

teacher, doctor, player, dictation, government, quickly, natural, highly, culture.

  1. Прочитайте и переведите устно весь текст, письменно переведите выделенные абзацы.

Text

A YEAR

There are three hundred and sixty-five days in one year. There are 365 days and twelve months in a year. The names of the months are – January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December.

January has thirty-one days; February has twenty-eight days; March has thirty-one days; April has thirty days; May has 31 days; June has 30 hays; July has 31 days; August has 31 days; September has 30 days; October has 31 days; November has 30 days; December has 31 days.

There are twenty-eight days in February, but in every fourth year it has one day more. We call these fourth years leap years.

The English names of the months came from the Roman names. Julius Caesar the ruler of Rome, arranged the year in six months of thirty-one, and six of thirty. Every other month had thirty days. Julius Caesar named one month after himself and it still bears his name, July. For July is the same as Juli-us, -Julius' month.

The next roman ruler's name was Augustus [o:'gΛsts]. He said, "One of the months bears the name of Julius; I shall give my name to the next month". So he called the next month August after Augustus, and it still bears this name.

Then Augustus discovered that Julius' month had thirty-one days, and his month had only thirty. So he took a day from February and put it into his month, August. So February got 28-29 days, and August got 31 days. Then Augusts changed the number of days in September, October, November and December.

Words and expressions

  1. arrange v

arrangement

устраивать, систематизировать

устройство

  1. bear (bore, born) v

to be born

носить, рождать

родиться

  1. call v

звать, называть

  1. change v

менять, изменять

  1. day n

день

  1. discover v

открывать

  1. hundred num

сто

  1. month n

месяц

  1. number n

число

  1. rule v

ruler n

править

правитель

  1. the same a

такой же

  1. take (took, taken) v

брать

  1. year n

leap year

год

високосный год

  1. week n

неделя

ADDITIONAL TEXTS

Text 1

The Central Intelligence Agency

The CIA does what the government wants it to do.

It has had its successes and failures. Its intelligence officers (spays and agents) visit the country they study, so that they can get a sense of what the people look like and the circumstances of the towns and countryside. It helps them to interpret what is happening. Very often they are sent as ordinary tourists. They don't do anything they shouldn't do, but they just go on their own, to look.

Intelligence services today are a very important element to successful arms control. The CIA, naturally, evaluates the information. And the central part of the intelligence system is the analysis.

For many years Soviets have had a certain image of the CIA Nowadays the situation has changed.

They say now even about the exchange of delegations between the secret services of different states. The political situation is changing. And the status of intelligence services is also undergoing changes.

Text 2

Alfred Nobel

Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm on October 21, 1933 but moved to Russia with his parents, where his father, Emmanuel, made a strong position for himself in the engineering industry. Most of the family returned to Sweden in 1959, where Alfred rejoined them in 1863, beginning his own study of explosives in his father's laboratory. He had never been to school or university but had studied privately and by the time he was twenty was a skillful chemist and excellent linguist, speaking Swedish, Russian, German, French and English. He invented a new explosive, dynamite, to improve the peace time industries of mining and road building but he saw it used as a weapon of war for killing and injuring his fellow men.

Indeed his greatness lay in his outstanding ability to combine the qualities of an original scientist with these of a forward-looking industrialist.

But Nobel's main concern was never with making money or even making scientific discoveries. Seldom happy, he was always searching for a meaning to life, and from his youth had taken a serous interest in literature and philosophy. Perhaps because he could not find ordinary human love-he never married – he came to care deeply about the whole of mankind. He was always generous to the poor: "I'd rather take care of the stomachs of the living than the glory of the dead in the form of stone memorials", he once said. His greatest wish however, was to see an end to wars, and thus peace between nations, and he spent much time and money working for this cause until his death in Italy in 1896. His famous will in which he left money to provide prizes for outstanding work in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Medicine, Literature and Peace, is a memorial to his interest and ideals.

Text 3

Oxford University

Oxford is a beautiful town on the River Thames about fifty miles from London. Oxford University was founded in the 12th century as an aristocratic university and has remained so to the present day. The university consists of 32 colleges – 17 colleges for men and 5 colleges for women. There are 16 faculties there. Each college is a completely autonomous body, governed by its own laws. A large college has about 500 students, a small one – about a hundred.

The term of studies lasts for 10 weeks. There are 3 terms in the Oxford academic year.

Within the first week the freshman meets his tutor who tells the student about his plans, the lectures which he must take, about the requirements for the examination which he will take, about the course of reading for him. Attendance at lectures is not compulsory. Once every week each undergraduate goes to his tutor's room to read out an essay which he has written and discuss this essay with the tutor.

At the beginning or end of each term the progress of the students is tested by the college examinations.

They pay great attention to athletics at the university. The students are engaged in different kinds of sports, take part in competitions between Oxford and Cambridge Universities.

This is how a student spends his day. His working hours are from 9 to 1. At 9 o'clock he sees his tutor or goes to the library, or attends lectures. From 2 to 5 he is engaged in sports and all kinds of exercise. From 5 to 7 he works in the library or laboratory. At 7 o'clock they have dinner-time. After dinner the students have club activities, debating societies, etc.

By 10 o'clock the students must be in the college, as most of students live in the colleges, only some of them live in lodgings in the town.

The doors of Oxford University are not open to all. The majority of the students are graduates of private schools, so Oxford University remains an aristocratic university to the present day.

Notes:

freshman

первокурсник

undergraduate

студент, учащийся вуза

college

высшее учебное заведение, в котором учатся 3 года и получают спец. образование

tutor

преподаватель-наставник

attendance at lectures is not compulsory

посещение лекций необязательно

to live in lodgings

снимать комнату

a debating society

дискуссионный клуб

to take club activities

участвовать в работе кружка

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