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Universal Serial Bus Specification Revision 1.1

10.5.4.4 Event Notifications

USBD clients receive several kinds of event notifications through a number of sources:

Completion of an action initiated by a client.

Interrupt transfers over stream pipes can deliver notice of device events directly to USBD clients. For example, hubs use an interrupt pipe to deliver events corresponding to changes in hub status.

Event data can be embedded by devices in streams.

Standard device interface commands, device class commands, vendor-specific commands, and even general control transfers over message pipes can all be used to poll devices for event conditions.

10.5.4.5 Status Reporting and Error Recovery Services

The command and pipe mechanisms both provide status reporting on individual requests as they are invoked and completed.

Additionally, USB device status is available to USBD clients using the command mechanisms.

The USBD provides clients with pipe error recovery mechanisms by allowing pipes to be reset or aborted.

10.5.4.6 Managing Remote Wakeup Devices

The USB System can minimize the resume power consumption of a suspended USB tree. This is accomplished by explicitly enabling devices capable of resume signaling and controlling propagation of resume signaling via selectively suspending and/or disabling hub ports between the device and the nearest self-powered, awake hub.

In some error-recovery scenarios, the USB System will need to re-enumerate sub-trees. The sub-tree may be partially or completely suspended. During error-recovery, the USB System must avoid contention between a device issuing resume signaling and simultaneously driving reset down the port. Avoidance is accomplished via management of the devices’ remote wakeup feature and the hubs’ port features. The rules are as follows:

Issue a SetDeviceFeature(DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP) request to the leaf device, only just prior to selectively suspending any port between where the device is connected and the root port (via a SetPortFeature(PORT_SUSPEND) request).

Do not reset a suspended port that has had a device enabled for remote wakeup without first enabling that port.

10.5.5 Passing USB Preboot Control to the Operating System

A single software driver owns the Host Controller. If the host system implements USB services before the operating system loads, the Host Controller must provide a mechanism that disables access by the preboot software and allows the operating system to gain control. Preboot USB configuration is not passed to the operating system. Once the operating system gains control it is responsible to fully configure the bus. If the operating system provides a mechanism to pass control back to the preboot environment, the bus will be in an unknown state. The preboot software should treat this event as a powerup.

10.6 Operating System Environment Guides

As noted previously, the actual interfaces between the USB System and host software are specific to the host platform and operating system. A companion specification is required for each combination of platform and operating system with USB support. These specifications describe the specific interfaces used to integrate the USB into the host. Each operating system provider for the USB System identifies a compatible Universal USB Specification revision.

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Universal Serial Bus Specification Revision 1.1

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