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Choosing Between Native Dynamic SQL and the DBMS_SQL Package

Advantages of the DBMS_SQL Package

The DBMS_SQL package provides the following advantages over native dynamic SQL:

DBMS_SQL is Supported in Client-Side Programs

The DBMS_SQL package is supported in client-side programs, but native dynamic SQL is not. Every call to the DBMS_SQL package from the client-side program translates to a PL/SQL remote procedure call (RPC); these calls occur when you need to bind a variable, define a variable, or execute a statement.

DBMS_SQL Supports DESCRIBE

The DESCRIBE_COLUMNS procedure in the DBMS_SQL package can be used to describe the columns for a cursor opened and parsed through DBMS_SQL. This feature is similar to the DESCRIBE command in SQL*Plus. Native dynamic SQL does not have a DESCRIBE facility.

See Also:

PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for an example of using

DESCRIBE_COLUMNS to create a query in a situation where the SELECT list is not known until runtime

DBMS_SQL Supports SQL Statements Larger than 32KB

The DBMS_SQL package supports SQL statements larger than 32KB; native dynamic SQL does not.

DBMS_SQL Lets You Reuse SQL Statements

The PARSE procedure in the DBMS_SQL package parses a SQL statement once. After the initial parsing, you can use the statement multiple times with different sets of bind arguments.

Native dynamic SQL prepares a SQL statement each time the statement is used, which typically involves parsing, optimization, and plan generation. Although the extra prepare operations incur a small performance penalty, the slowdown is typically outweighed by the performance benefits of native dynamic SQL.

6-16 Oracle Database Application Developer's Guide - Fundamentals

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