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III. Read, translate and reproduce the dialogues: Dialogue 1.

  • Hello, Max. Could you help me to prepare a report about farms in Britain?

  • Sure. Any questions.

  • What are the main kinds of farming in Britain?

  • They are: sheep farming, stock rearing, dairying, mixed, intensive and arable farming.

  • What is the reason for this diversity of farming?

  • The kind of farming depends on many things: on climate, slope, soil and altitude.

  • You mean that farmers with rich, flat land have arable farms, and those who have hilly land keep sheep?

  • Yes, you are right. There are a lot of pigs, dairy cows and poultry on the farms below Downs. This region has many mixed farms, with some arable land for growing crops and some grassland for grazers.

  • What crops are grown in Britain?

  • Farmers grow wheat and barley, oats and rye.

  • What can you say about intensive farming?

  • Intensive farming is practiced on some very small farms. These farms usually specialize in growing one variety of crop or rearing one kind of animal. So there are special pig farms, chicken farms and fruit farms.

  • Where can we find such farms?

  • At Worthing we see small farms which consist almost entirely of glasshouses, in which there are cucumbers and tomatoes. And we find a lot of orchards of cherry, pear or apple trees in Kent.

  • Oh, thank you for your help, Max.

  • Not at all.

Dialogue 2.

Interviewer: Good evening,. This is London Radio. Welcome to "Man in the street". Today we're speaking to Mr. Smith about farms in Britain. First of all, Mr. Smith, could you tell us a few words about yourself?

Mr. Smith: Yes, of course. I live in East Anglia. I am a farmer. I grow crops and have some pigs and cows.

Interviewer: So, you have a mixed farm, haven't you?

Mr. Smith: Yes, that's it.

Interviewer: Are mixed farms more popular among farmers than intensive?

Mr. Smith: Yes, I think so. If we have a bad harvest then we can make-up our losses with the profit from the animals. Moreover, the grain and vegetables provide food for the animals while the animals provide dung for the land to grow good crops.

Interviewer: Is there any difference between your farm and a farm in south -east England?

Mr. Smith: Yes. My land is almost entirely devoted to crops and I have a few pigs and a small herd of cows. And those who live in south -east England have lots of animals. Only a part of a farm may be permanent grassland, and some fields may be devoted to temporary grasslands, which are also used for grazing or making hay.

Interviewer: Do you practice some forms of crop rotation?

Mr. Smith: Yes, even though there are a lot of fertilizers nowadays, it is still necessary to practice some forms of crop rotation. I change the crops in each field from year to year.

Interviewer: Thank you, Mr. Smith. It's a pleasure to speak to you.

Mr. Smith: The pleasure's mine.

IV. Answer the questions:

  • What types of farming are practiced in Britain?

  • What affects the choice of farm type?

  • What can you say about types of scenery in Britain?

  • Where can we find mixed farms?

  • What is the difference between mixed and intensive farming?

  • What are the main crops grown in Britain?

  • What animals are bred in Britain?

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