Добавил:
Upload Опубликованный материал нарушает ваши авторские права? Сообщите нам.
Вуз: Предмет: Файл:
Методичка по английскому.doc
Скачиваний:
0
Добавлен:
23.11.2019
Размер:
107.7 Кб
Скачать

Text 3 Relief, climate and natural resources of Altai Krai

  1. relief

  2. type

  3. landscape

  4. prevail

  5. mountainous

  6. steppe

  7. occupy

  8. considerable areas

  9. unique

  10. stripe

  11. pine

  12. stretch out

  13. vegetation

  14. is accompanied

  15. diversity

  16. moderately continental

  17. is considered

  18. sunny

  19. quantity

  20. approximately

  21. average

  22. below zero

  23. steady snow cover

  24. is formed

  25. abundant melting

  26. waterway

  27. as a result of the convergence

  28. found

  29. flat

  30. saline

  31. bitter

  32. among

  33. area

  34. sq.km. (square kilimetres)

  35. natural recourses

  36. are represented

  37. deposits

  38. ore

  39. iron

  40. common salt

  41. gypsum

  42. brown coal

  43. precious stones

  44. jasper

  45. porphyry

  46. marbles

рельеф

тип

ландшафт

преобладать

горный

степной

занимать

значительные области

уникальный

полоса, лента

сосна

простираться

растительность

сопровождаться

разнообразие

умеренно-континентальный

считается

солнечный

количество

приблизительно

средний

ниже ноля

стабильный снежный покров

формируется

обильное таяние

водный путь, судоходное русло

в результате слияния

расположенный

равнинный

соленый

горький

среди

площадь

квадратные километры

природные ресурсы

представлены

залежи

руда

железо

поваренная соль

гипс

бурый уголь

драгоценные камни

яшма

порфир

мрамор

Relief, climate and natural resources of Altai Krai

Two types of landscapes prevail in Altai: mountainous in the east and steppe in the west. Taiga occupies considerable areas. Unique stripes of pine forests stretch out on hundreds of kilometers. Forest fund of Altai occupies more than one fifth of its territory. Rich vegetation is accompanied with diversity of fauna.

The climate of Altai Krai is moderately continental, with hot summers and cold winters. Altai is considered to be one of the sunniest regions of Western Siberia in the quantity of sunny days. The length of sunny time is approximately 2000-2300 hours a year. Average temperature in January is 17.6°C below zero, and +18°C - in July. Steady snow cover is formed in the beginning of November, and its abundant melting starts in late March - early April.

Altai's most important waterway is the Ob River, which is formed as a result of the convergence of the Biya and the Кatun rivers. The greatest rivers are the Biya, the Katun, the Ob, the Alei and the Charysh. Many of the lakes found in the flat part of the Krai (mostly in Kulundinskaya Steppe) are saline and bitter. Lake Kolyvanskoye is the largest among 13000 lakes, its area is about 728 sq.km.

The Krai is rich in diverse natural recourses. Minerals are represented by the deposits of complex ores, iron, common salt, soda, gypsum, brown coal and precious stones. Krai is also famous of its unique deposits of jasper, malachite, porphyry, marbles, granite, building materials, and it has wonderful medical resources.

Тут вы можете оставить комментарий к выбранному абзацу или сообщить об ошибке.

Оставленные комментарии видны всем.