Добавил:
Upload Опубликованный материал нарушает ваши авторские права? Сообщите нам.
Вуз: Предмет: Файл:
Методичка по английскому.doc
Скачиваний:
0
Добавлен:
23.11.2019
Размер:
107.7 Кб
Скачать

I. Words and combinations to be remembered:

engineering

profession

to be defined as

application

science

branch

to be based

empirical information

to depend on

observation

experience

mechanical engineer

ability

to calculate

mechanical advantage

interaction

strong material

sources of power

analytical frame of mind

imagination

design

equipment

the like

to require

creative

working knowledge

various

available

area

manufacture

research

development

to keep up

successfully

to compete

table

to apply

to prepare

educational establishment

direction

equipment engineers

car serviceman

product processing

to be responsible

machinery fluent operation

preventive maintenance

repair

resistance

sowing and harvesting seasons

инженерное искусство, инженерия

профессия

определять как

применение

наука

отрасль

быть основанным

эмпирическая информация

зависеть

наблюдение

опыт

инженер-механик

способность

подсчитывать, расcчитывать

механическое преимущество

взаимодействие

прочный материал

источники энергии

аналитический склад ума

воображение

проектирование

оборудование

тому подобное

требовать

творческий

практическое знание

различный

доступный

область

производство

исследование

развитие

следить за

успешно

конкурировать

таблица

применять

подготавливать

образовательное учреждение

направление

инженер по оборудованию

инженер по сервисному обслуживанию

переработка продуктов

быть ответственным

плавная работа оборудования

превентивное техобслуживание

ремонт

сопротивление

сезоны посадки и сбора урожая

II. Read, translate and retell the text: Text 1 Engineer

Engineering is an old profession. Engineering is often defined as a practical application of theoretical sciences such as physics and mathematics. Many of the early branches of engineering were based not on science but on empirical information that depended on observation and experience.

Nowadays the mechanical engineer has the mathematical ability to calculate the mechanical advantage from the complex interaction of different mechanisms. He also has new and strong materials to work with and different sources of power. The engineer has an analytical frame of mind and imagination.

Engineers design and make machines, equipment and the like. Such work requires creative abilities and working knowledge of scientific principles. The engineer must also have the understanding of the various processes and materials available to him. He can work in any of the following areas: the organization of manufacture, research and development, design and construction.

This profession requires special education. Engineers must keep up with changes in their profession. A mechanical engineer who does not know about new materials and "know-how" cannot successfully compete with one who does. An engineer must understand engineering tables and formulas and apply them in his work.

The Altai territory is an agricultural region, that's why it is important here to prepare good specialists for agriculture. The main higher educational establishment working in this direction is Altai State Agrarian University where I study now. I'm a second-year student of the Institute of Technics and Agroengineering Researches. Our Institute trains agricultural equipment engineers, car servicemen and specialists in the area of agricultural product processing.

An engineer is responsible for machinery fluent operation, its preventive maintenance and repair. It is necessary for an engineer to know the equipment with which he works. Some modern agricultural machines are equipped with computers. That's why we study many theoretical subjects, such as theoretical mechanics, resistance of materials, theory of machines and mechanisms, modern computer science, tractors and automobiles, details of machines, agricultural equipment, mathematical modeling and many others.

To study theoretical subjects is not enough to become a good engineer, so every year the students of our university have practice on different farms of our region. Students work on combines, tractors and other agricultural equipment during sowing and harvesting seasons, help technicians and mechanics to repair and maintain machines.

Тут вы можете оставить комментарий к выбранному абзацу или сообщить об ошибке.

Оставленные комментарии видны всем.