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Люди и общество.doc
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Basic vocabulary terms

abuse (n)

wrong use; mistreatment; a corrupt practice;

crime (n)

an offence for which one may be punished by law;

delinquency (n)

crime, usually not of a serious kind (misdemeanor) especially as committed by young people;

hostage (n)

a person who is captured and held prisoner and threatened to be kept, harmed or killed unless certain demands are met;

law (n)

all the rules astablished by authority or custom for regulating the behaviour of members of a community or country;

terrorism (n)

organized violence designed to create fear by random targeting of people or sites;

traffic in

illegal trading (the traffic in arms, drugs, stolen goods).

Vocabulary development

Task 1. Study the following words, add missing words of the same family.

Word-Form Chart

Noun

Verb

Adjective

criminal

to terrorize

offense

to go to law

to lay down the law

Task 2. Arrange the following words

    1. Close in meaning,

offender, to protect, aggressive, be convicted, to result in, agreement, engaged, adolescent, to depend on, to defend, staggering, be charged, severe, consent, to mutilate, minor, to hinge on, criminal, shocking, violent, stern, to ensue, to cripple, involved

b) opposite in meaning.

of age, worthwhile, guilty, decrease, result in, attractive, innocent, retribution, to curb, safe, to shatter, minor,, to lead to, reward, disgusting, to restore, dangerous, worthless, to get out of control, to increase.

Task 3. Match the terms with their definitions.

1. assault a) insults; wrong or excessive use of something;

2. Abuse b) making somebody have a particular set of beliefs by giving them no opportunity to consider other points of view;

3. mugging c) taking somebody’s money in the street with threats of

violence;

4. indoctrination d) a crime that involves threatening and making a

physical attack on;

5. crime e) misdemeanor committed by young people;

6. traffic in f) an offence for which one may be punished by law;

7. delinquency g) illegal trading.

8. evanescence h) to prevent from getting out of control;

9. retribution i) someone who is too young to have the legal responsibilities of an adult;

10. minor j) a document signed by a judge which gives the police permission to arrest or search someone’s house;

11. to curb k) quick fading; disappearance from sight or memory;

12. warrant l) deserved severe punishment (for)

Task 4. Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate word from the following list.

Worsen, legalize, carry, “soft”, opposed, Dutch, authorities, special, approach, sell, abuse, heroin.

In the Netherlands, people are allowed to (1), small amounts of (2) drugs such as cannabis for their personal use. However, only (3) cafes licensed by local (4) are allowed to (5) these drugs. The (6) government believe that this (7) has helped to control the (8) of “hard” drugs, sucn as (9). Similar attempts to (10) cannabis in other countries have been (11) by those who believe that this would (12) the drug problem.

Task 5. Translate from Russian into English:

В штате Калифорния в США недавно ввели закон, по которому любой осужденный за три самых незначительных преступления автоматически приговаривается к 25 годам тюремного заключения. Это привело к пожизненным заключениям за очень небольшие преступления, как например кража пиццы. В Европе некоторые политики хотели бы последовать калифорнийскому примеру в надежде уменьшить преступность.

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