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VII.Ответьте на вопросы по тексту:

1. What does progress in the world depend on?

2. How long does the academic course last?

3. What do English students receive a grant from the state for?

4. What advertisements can be seen in the newspapers and on the buses?

5. What advantages have the students who go to England to learn English?

6. What should one remember about language learning?

7. What should students of English forget about?

VIII.Составьте аннотацию к тексту (2-3 предложения).

IX.Составьте реферат текста (10-15 предложений).

X. Составьте план текста и перескажите текст.

Вариант 12

I.Прочитайте и переведите текст:

Youth is the Prime Time of Life

Youth is the happiest time of our life. Nowadays young people grow quickly, become more mature and independent. These days teenagers have more money thus they enjoy more freedom. They are free to choose what films to see, what friends to have, what clothes to wear.

They are less dependent on their parents, think more for themselves, do not blindly accept the ideals of their elders. More than that, they want to enjoy their leisure.

Some young people may disagree with the above. For some teenagers adolescence is certainly not the happiest time. They often find themselves in a position (in college, university, on their first job) where they can compare themselves with each other in terms of academic ability, athletic achievements and many other activities which are part of their life. The awkward stage of adolescence brings into sharp focus some of the physical and emotional problems involved in growing up. Some rebel violently against parental or official authority, others lack self confidence, feel shy, awkward and clumsy.

But definitely, none will deny that the human brain is at its finest at twenties, that it is the most formative and challenging period of life. It is the time of first accomplishments. Young people make first most important decisions about education they would prefer to get, about skills they would need (like computer literacy and knowledge of foreign languages), about careers they would want to make. They are getting prepared to enter society as adults, to cope with many of the problems that face men and women. Let us hope they will grow up to be mature and responsible adults.

What do Newspapers Write about?

Despite competition from other media, circulation figures for newspapers go up. People read newspapers because they provide a vast amount of information, far more than can be reproduced in a news broadcast on radio or TV.

There are various newspapers: national, regional, local. Some newspapers come out daily, others are put out several times a week. There are monthly and bimonthly publications. Newspapers differ in style, language, readership, and issues they cover.

National papers carry articles about national, foreign and political issues. Their leading (editorial) articles deal with major events in the country and abroad. Regional and local papers serve the interests of the community. They provide information about local affairs and assess the current situation. They draw the attention of their readers to the local problems. Newspapers also contain such items as sport, theatre and book reviews, crosswords and cartoons. Readers are also able to express their own views through the readers' letters page.

Readers appreciate it when the newspaper carries objective and undistorted information and gives a wide coverage of home and foreign news.

Many people subscribe to their favourite newspapers and read them regularly.

Some newspapers (magazines) are addressed to specialists. A lot of space in such publications is devoted to specialist subjects such as business, financial markets, banking and insurance.

The press influences the thoughts and outlook of ordinary people.

The United States of America

The United States of America is a federal republic consisting of 50 states. The 48 states, which occupy the central one-third of North America, are bounded in the north by Canada and in the east — by the Atlantic Ocean. In the south the border runs over the Gulf of Mexico, besides, in the area America borders on Mexico. In the west the US is washed by the Pacific Ocean. The national capital is Washington.

The total area of the country is 3,679,192 square miles (9,529,063 square kilometres), making it the fourth largest in the world in area (after Russia, Canada, and China).

Although the population of the United States is large by world standards, its average population density is relatively low.

The United States is the world's greatest economic power, measured in terms of gross national product (GNP), with a very high living standard of the population. People own houses and a lot of durable goods such as cars, refrigerators, different home appliances. The nation's wealth comes from its rich natural resources, its enormous agricultural output, and the country's highly developed industry. The country has a lot of high technology industries. Despite its relative economic self-sufficiency in many areas, the United States is the most important factor in world trade.

The United States is relatively young by world standards. It is barely more than 200 years old. It achieved its current size only in the mid-20th century. America was the first of the European colonies to separate successfully from its motherland. In the 20th century the United States emerged as a world power. Since World War II it has been one of the most important powers.

Although the United States still offers its residents opportunities for unparalleled personal advancement and wealth it is facing some serious issues. They are: the depletion of its resources, pollution of its environment, inflation and unemployment.

II.Переведите на русский язык следующие английские словосочетания:

1) the happiest time 2)a vast amount of information

3) mature and independent 4) home and foreign news

5) less dependent 6) provide information

7) parental or official authority

8) the border runs over

9) high technology industries

10) to separate successfully

III.Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты следующих словосочетаний:

1) у подростков много денег 2)особые темы

3)думают больше о себе 4)обычные люди

6) не соглашаться с вышесказанным 7)национальная столица

8)гораздо больше, чем 9)средняя плотность населения

5)подписываться на любимые газеты 10)загрязнение

окружающей среды

IV.Найдите в тексте слова, имеющие общий корень с данными словами. Определите, к какой части речи они относятся, и переведите их на русский язык:

Happy, day, independence, though, great, parallel, bare, advance, employ, sure.

V.Задайте к выделенному в тексте предложению все типы вопросов: общий, альтернативный, разделительный, два специальных: а)к подлежащему, б)к любому члену предложения.

VI.Выполните анализ данных предложений, обратив внимание на следующие грамматические явления: формы глаголов to be, to have; оборот there is/are; степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий; множественное число существительных; Present, Past, Future Simple Active/Passive; модальные глаголы.

1. Youth is the happiest time of our life.

2. These days teenagers have more money thus they enjoy more freedom.

3. None will deny that the human brain is at its finest at twenties, that it is the most formative and challenging period of life.

4. Readers are also able to express their own views through the readers' letters page.

5. There are various newspapers: national, regional, local.

VII.Ответьте на вопросы по тексту:

  1. Why is youth the happiest time of the life?

  2. Why do people read newspapers?

  3. What do national papers carry?

  4. What do regional and local papers serve to?

  5. How can readers express their own views?

  6. What is the population of the United States by world standards?

  7. What opportunities does the United States offer its residents?

VIII.Составьте аннотацию к тексту (2-3 предложения).

IX.Составьте реферат текста (10-15 предложений).

X. Составьте план текста и перескажите текст.

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