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4. Read the text again and decide if the sentences below are true (t) or false (f).

1. The bridge was designed for letting the ships pass through. T/F

2. It has two Gothic towers. T/F

3. The lifting machinery of the bridge was electrified long before 1976. T/F

4. The path for pedestrians is opened. T/F

5. If you want to get a better idea how gigantic Tilbury port is – go to Tower Bridge. T/F

Sources

  1. Давиденко Л., Гри ненко І. Written Composition in English. – Т., 2001.

  2. Across Great Britain: Навч. Посібник / укл. М.Ф. Вовченко. – К., 1997.

  3. Ball R Making Space: Design for Compact Living. –Woodstock (NY): Over look, 1989.

  4. Bangash M. Y. H. Concrete and Concrete Structure: Numerical Modeling and Applications. – London; New York: Elsevier appl. Science. 1989.

  5. Bolt St. Roofing the Right Way. –Blue Ridge Summit: TAB books, 1990.

  6. Focus on Great Britain. Oxford University Press.

  7. Hutchungs, Lonathan F. Builder’s Guide to Modular Construction. New York, 1996.

  8. Irace, Fulvio. Emerding Skylines: The New American Skyscrapes. –New York, 1990.

  9. London Known and Unknown: Навч.посібник/ укл. Ю.М. Праценко. – К., 1997.

  10. Moore, Fuller. Model builder’s Notebook: A Guide for Architects, Landscope, Architects and Interior Designers. –New York, 1990.

  11. New York. Навч. Посібник/ укл.Е. Г. Хоменко. – К., 1997.

  12. Rybcrynski W. The Most Beautiful House in the World. –New York: Penguin Books, 1990.

  13. Satinova V.F. Read and Speak about Britain and the British. – Минск. 2000.

  14. The English – Speaking Countries. – K., 2000.

  15. The Roman Empire.

CONTENT

INTRODUCTION …………………………………………………………………... 3

THE ROLE OF FOREGEIN LANGUAGE IN HUMAN SOCIETY.

HIGHER EDUCATION ………………………………………..……………...…… 4

Language in the Life of Man and Human Society …………………………… 4

Everyday English and Technical English …………………………………….. 5

British English and American English ……………………………………….. 8

Short Course of Academy History …………………………………………… 10

Building profession .…………………..…………….……………………. 12

Honorable Profession …………………..…………….………………..…….. 12

Building materials .…………………..…………….……………...……… 13

The Most Important and Widely Used Building Materials (Binding Materials, Concrete and Structural Steel) ……….………..……...…………….……….. 13

The Choice of Material ……….……………...………………………….…… 16

Advanced Composite Materials ………...……………………………………. 18

Concrete ………...……………………………………………………..……… 19

Special Purpose Glass……….……………...………………………….……... 21

Parts of building …………………………………………………………... 23

History of the Tallest Skyscrapers ………...……………………….………… 23

Foundations of Pisa Leaning Tower ………...……………………….……… 27

The Plastic House of Tomorrow ………...………………………..………….. 28

Roman Baths ………………………………………………………….……… 30

Building tools ………...……………………………………………………... 32

Tools and Their Uses ………...…………………………………...………….. 32

BUILDING MACHINES ………...…………………………………………..…… 34

Earth Moving Machinery ………...………………………………………….. 34

Mobile Cranes ………...……………………………………………………… 36

Excavators ………...………………………………………………………….. 37

TYPES OF DWELLINGS ………...…………………………………………….… 38

Residential and Industrial Buildings ………...…………………..………….. 38

Types of Buildings ………...………………………………………………….. 41

Special Structures ………...………………………………………………….. 43

Home, Sweet Home ………...………………………………………………… 44

Wooden Structures in Ukraine ..………...………………………..………….. 46

Farmhouse ………...………………………………………………...……….. 47

WORLD WONDERS ………...…………………………………………….……… 48

Egyptian Pyramids ………...…………………………………….…………… 48

A Roman Theatre ………...…………………………………….…………….. 49

Stonehenge ………...…………………………………….………………….... 50

St. Paul’s Cathedral ………...………………………………………….…….. 51

Wren, Sir Christopher ………...…………………………………..………….. 51