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3. Write down the main features of Ukrainian farmhouse.


Text 1. Egyptian Pyramids

The Great Pyramid at Giza is one of the world’s most amazing landmarks. Rising high above the Sahara Desert in the Giza region of northern Egypt, the Great Pyramid stands some 450 feet into the burning desert sky and occupies of an area of 13 acres. The rough climate of the Sahara has actually caused the pyramid to shrink 30 feet from its original height. The pyramid was such an amazing feat of engineering, that it remained the tallest structure in the world for over 3800 years! The entire pyramid was originally faced with polished limestone to make it shine brilliantly in the sun.

Most Egyptologists, scientists who study ancient Egypt, agree that the Great Pyramid was built around 2560 BC, a little more than 4,500 years ago. It took tens of thousands of workers twenty years to build. The pyramid contains over two million stone blocks. Although most of the blocks weigh two or three tons, some weigh up to 80 tons!

The Great Pyramid of Giza was ordered built by the Pharaoh Khufu as a magnificent tomb. His vizier (advisor) Hemon is credited with being the pyramid's architect. Khufu's pyramid is actually part of a complex of pyramids that includes the Pyramid of Khafre, the smaller Pyramid of Menkaure, a variety of smaller pyramids and structures, and the Great Sphinx. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the last remaining of the Seven Wonders of the World.

1. Read the passage again and answer the questions.

1. Where is the Great pyramid not located?

A. Sahara Desert C. Southern Egypt

B. Northern Egypt D. Giza

2. The Great Pyramid was built a little more than _________________ years ago.

3. How many stone blocks make up the pyramid?

A. 4,500 C. 3800

B. More than two million D. 2,560

4. Most of the blocks in the pyramid weigh about ____________ tons.

A. two or three C. five

B. 80 D. 4,500

5. The Great Pyramid of Giza has shrunk about _____________ feet.

6. Egyptians used polished _____________ to make the pyramid shine in the sun.

7. The Pharaoh ________________ ordered the pyramid to built as his ___________.

A. Khufu; wonder of the world C. vizier; tomb

B. Hemon; tomb D. Khufu; tomb

8. Which of the following definitions best describes the meaning of "complex" in the passage.

A. materials C. army

B. pyramid D. group or set

9. Which is not part of complex of pyramids?

A. The Tomb of King Tut C. The Pyramid of Khafre

B. The Great Pyramid of Giza D. The Sphinx

10. Which of the following is FALSE?

A. Hemon was Khufu's vizier and architect.

B. The Pyramid took tens of thousands of works about twenty years to complete.

C. Khufu was Hemon's vizier and architect.

D. The Great Pyramid is the last of the Seven wonders of the World.

2. Put the words below in the gaps.

between comprise erosion existence once

magnificent visited pinnacle resulted tomb

The Great Pyramid of Giza is truly one of the most (1) _______ ancient landmarks still is (2) _______. Built as a giant (3) _______ for the pharaoh Khufu, the Great Pyramid took tens of thousands of workers over 20 years to complete. Each of the 2.4 million stone blocks that (4) _______ the pyramid weighs (5) _______ one and two tons! Although the pyramid (6) _______ rose 481ft from the floor of the Sahara Desert, wind (7) _______ has (8) _______ in a loss of about 30 feet from the (9) _______ of pyramid. Today, the Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the world's most (10) _______ monuments.