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4. Write an appropriate suffix to complete each adjective in the following sentences.

1. Recycling is a very attract____ idea and has been a practice already with many designers of today.

2. Environmentalists are anx___ about the pollution a new coal plant might generate.

3. One of the most effect___ ways to fight global warming is to go vegetarian.

4. The proposed fine is not high considering the ill-effects of noise pollution and practic___ problems faced in controlling it.

5. The type of industr___ waste produced is an important factor in determining the most effect___ disposal method.

6. Organic food is generally more expens___ than intensively-farmed food.

7. The community has an impress___ record of recycling waste materials.

8. Along with econom___ and politic___ problems, environment___ degradation and health worries caused by the Chernobyl disaster are considered reasons for the decline in the birth rate in Belarus.

9. The country is getting addition___ money from the World Bank to help it solve its current ecological problems.

10. CFCs can cause irrevers___ damage to the environment.

5. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the word given at the end of the lines. The car

The car has been (1) __________ successful. In one century it has come

incredible

to dominate most of the world and the (2) __________ of any developed country

inhabit

rely on it in all kinds of ways. Its (3) __________, though, has had worrying effects

popular

on our environment. The (4) __________ of roads has meant the destruction of

construct

areas of natural beauty. The (5) __________ fumes produced by car engines

harm

affect us and the (6) __________ species we share the planet with. Scientists and

count

other environmental (7) __________ are keen to draw attention to the dangers

special

of our modern lifestyles. However, people seem (8) __________ reluctant

extreme

to give up their cars. Life behind the wheel is too (9) __________ and any worries

comfort

about nature and its problems are (10) __________. Unless we can get over our

second

attachment to the car, we will face a (11) __________ problem of environmental

grow

damage.

/from “Skills for First Certificate. Use of English”, Malcolm Mann, Steve Taylore-Knowles/

Vocabulary 3 Word building: Prefixes

We use prefixes to change meaning. They never change the part of speech.

prefix

meaning / use

examples

de+ verb/noun

opposite

decentralise

remove

debone

reduce

devalue

dis+ verb

negative / opposite

dislike, disembark

il + adjective

opposite

used with words that begin with l

illegal

im+ adjective

opposite

used with words that begin with m or p

impossible

in+ adjective

opposite

indirect

ir+ adjective

opposite

often used with words that begin with r

irregular

un+ verb/adjective

negative/opposite

unlock, unhappy

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