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2 Talking about what would happen if ... is

- the situation

something you may have to do in Part 5 of Paper 5. Practise this now, beginning with John's problem. Then discuss the other four problems here. Talk about.

-the proposed plan of action

-other possible actions

-your advice

Record your ideas on a blank cassette.

Listen to your ideas and think how you could improve what you say. Then record everything

again.

If possible, compare your ideas with those of a classmate. Do you both have the same ideas?

All in the family

A traditional family

How many people live in your house? Who is the most important member of your

household? Why is this?

Listen to Marguerite explaining how a traditional family in her country, Burkina

I'aso, works. What is the main topic of her explanation?

Athe jobs the different family members have to do

Bthe way the children are brought up

Cthe relationships between the different family members

80

U N I T 1 0 R e l a t i o n s h i p

 

Listen again. Decide which of statements 1-6

 

are TRUE and which are FALSE.

 

TRUE FALSE

1

The children can call more than one woman 'mother'.

2

The first wife can be called 'mother' by some of the other wives.

3

If there is a family problem, the first wife sorts it out.

4The sisters and brothers of the husband's wives can also live in the family compound.

5 If a grandparent lives with the family, he or she is expected to help with the work.

6 The most important members of the family are the children.

Rewrite correctly any of the statements which you marked False.

The article

Read this text carefully and put in 'a', 'an', 'the' or nothing at all '-', as appropriate.

Verbs

Write the verbs that are

related

to these

nouns and adjectives.

 

 

1

apology .apologise....

8

food

1 5

persuasion

21

sharp

2

blood

9

forecast

16

proof

22

success

3 choice

10

hot

17

qualification

23

summary

4

criticism

1 1

life

18

relief

24

sympathy

5

dead

12

loss

19

sad

25

terror

6

courage

1 3 memory

20

safe

26

threat

7

joy

14

obedient

 

 

 

 

L E S S O N

2

A l l

i n

t h e

f a m i l y

Prepositional phrases

Use the eight phrases in the box to make:

aone pair with the same meaning.

bthree pairs with the opposite meaning.

at peace at war

by yourself in general

in particular in

public in private on your own

 

 

Now fill each gap with a suitable phrase from the box.

1 Part of growing up is learning to do things

without other people's help.

2 When they are out

they seem a

happy family - but I happen to know that

they fight a lot.

3She loves all her brothers and sisters her eldest brother.

4The way he treats his wife reveals his attitude to women

5Until the end of Shakespeare's tragedy Romeo and

Juliet, the Montagu and Capulet families are

with each other.

at or in?

Put the correct preposition in each gap.

1 Because their families were enemies, Romeo and

Juliet got married

secret.

2 When we visited Grandpa in hospital we found him

sitting up happily

bed.

3Her young son has made so many friends school that he really enjoys it.

4 Although Anna has little

common with

her husband, they seem to be happy together.

5'The Harvest Loaf is the best baker's town.

6 Grandma's not

home - she's

church, but she'll be back soon.

7 What's the matter with Johnny? I found him

tears in the garden.

8 You can see they're

love - they can't

stop looking at each other!

9My father never talks to anyone breakfast - he prefers to read his paper.

10 When she travels, she keeps

touch with

her parents by phoning them regularly.

Bridging the generation gap

Contrast

a

they looked after me as a baby.

e

the increase in the divorce rate.

b

the difference in their ages.

f we may not always show it.

c

they grew up together.

g

our house being so small.

d

his consideration for her.

 

 

82

 

 

 

hthey only met last week.

i the unpopularity of these laws. j it can have advantages.

U N I T 1 0 R e l a t i o n s h i p s

Between childhood and adult life

Read this letter which was published in a newspaper. Do you sympathise with the writer's

problem?

Make one list of all the disadvantages of being 14, and another list of all the advantages.

 

Write a letter in

reply to CK for publication

in

 

the newspaper. Say what you think are the

 

main

advantages

and

disadvantages of being

14,

and

what

attitude to

their

age you think young

people

 

should take. The topic sentences of your letter have been done for you.

Dear CK,

I know very well that the teenage years can be confusing

The disadvantages of being between childhood and adult life are obvious

On the other hand, this can be an exciting time in a person's life

In conclusion, 1 think you should make the best of these years

Yours,

Phrasal verbs

Use these phrasal verbs, in the correct form, in place of the words in italics. Use a different phrasal verb each time. (Be careful where you put the object of the phrasal verb.)

1

My young son admires

{.looks.upto

) his

 

older cousin and copies everything he does.

 

2

The students didn't like (............

 

) the

 

new teacher at first.

 

 

 

3

The children supported (

 

) their

 

mother when their parents got divorced

 

 

(

)

 

 

 

4

Katia started crying (

 

) when her

 

boyfriend ended (

 

 

) their

 

 

engagement.

 

 

 

 

5

We can trust (

 

) Richard: he will

 

never disappoint (

 

 

) his friends.

6

Marisa quarrelled (

 

 

) with her

 

sister on the phone

and

ended the

call

 

 

(

) while her sister was still

 

speaking.

 

 

 

 

7

My parents expect me to do well (

 

):

 

I hope I can fulfil (

 

'

) their

 

 

expectations.

 

 

 

 

8

Romeo was strongly attracted to (

 

)

 

Juliet the first time he saw her.

 

 

9

I don't mind what we do on Saturday: I'll be happy

 

to follow (

 

) your plans.

 

10

Sasha agreed to drive his grandparents to the

 

wedding, but then changed his mind

 

 

(

) at the last minute.

 

L E S S O N 3 B r i d g i n g t h e g e n e r a t i o n g a p

83

The right word

Fill the gaps in a-d by using each word or phrase in the box once only.

1

 

anxious

nervous

suspicious

upset

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

She was very

 

when she heard

 

 

about the rock star's death and cried for days.

 

b

She became

 

of the young

 

 

man hanging around the street corner, and rang

 

 

the police.

 

 

 

 

 

c

Some dancers are so

 

before a

 

 

performance that they are sick.

 

 

 

 

d

Mothers usually feel

 

when

 

 

their children are out late in the evening.

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

aware

conscious

curious sympathetic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

aDo go on with your story: I'm to know how it ended.

bThe marriage guidance counsellor gave him a

 

 

look and encouraged him to

 

 

keep talking.

 

 

 

c

If you were

of the reason why

 

 

she acts like that, you would not criticise her.

 

d

I heard a terrible story once, that someone was

 

 

throughout an operation but

 

 

could say nothing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

alone lonely single

unique

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

I prefer to study

 

if you don't

 

 

mind.

 

 

bHe wandered round the streets of the strange town, feeling lost and

cShe doesn't want to get married: she's quite happy

dThis example of an ancient Egyptian painting is

:no other one like it is known.

4

 

uncertain uneasy

unlikely unwilling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

He was

to believe his friend's

 

 

excuses, thinking that she was lying.

 

b

She stopped

how to continue

 

 

with her explanation.

 

c

They are

to have heard the

 

 

news: they don't even have a radio.

 

d

She had an

feeling that

 

 

someone was following her.

5

 

certain confident

definite determined

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

He is

to marry her and

 

 

nothing will change his mind.

b

She's

of passing the exam

 

 

with flying colours.

 

 

 

c

Have you fixed a

date for the

 

 

celebration yet?

 

 

 

d

She's

to enjoy going to

 

 

college: she loves meeting new people.

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

courage

honour respect trust

 

 

 

 

 

 

a The soldier was awarded a medal for his in the battle.

bThe student felt it was a great

to be invited to her teacher's wedding.

c Children feel complete

in

those that they love.

 

dThe elderly poet is held in great by the whole nation.

7 emotion mood sense temper

aWaking up to sunshine and birdsong always puts me in a good

bMost animals have an excellent of smell.

cThe witness looked around the courtroom without

 

d

Her boss has a very quick

-

 

 

he's always shouting at her.

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

brought up

developed

grew

grew up

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

I

in the country, but now I

 

 

live in a large city.

 

 

 

 

b

Some people refuse to accept that humans

 

 

 

from

apes.

 

 

cLast year my 12-year-old sister three centimetres.

 

d My grandparents

a large

 

happy family with very little money.

 

In what order would these events in an

 

unhappy

relationship take place?

1

divorce

4

marry

2

get engaged

5

meet

3

get to know

6

split up

84

U N I T 1 0

R e l a t i o n s h i p s

Lesson

In Lesson 4 of Coursebook Units 6-10 you have studied how to deal with these exam questions.

If you now feel confident about what to do in these questions, tick the box.

Paper 1 Reading, Parts 2 and 3 (Coursebook pages 76-8)

Paper 2 Writing, Part 2 (optional set books) (Coursebook page 91)

Paper 3 Use of English, Part 1 (multiple choice gapfilling)

(Coursebook pages 102-3)

Paper 3, Use of English, Part 4 (error correction) (Coursebook page 115)

Paper 4 Listening (Coursebook pages 126-7)

If you don't feel confident about any of these exam questions, read the relevant Coursebook pages again.

Look at what these students said about doing these types of questions. Which students do you

agree with? What advice could you give to Anke and Kenji?

Vera

Reading comprehension questions are fun, especially the kind where you have to fit in missing parts of the text. It's like a jigsaw puzzle with words.

Marcel

The set book I'm reading is really exciting. But I don't know whether I'll write about it in the exam. I'll probably decide when I see the question paper.

An ke

I never seem to get any better at doing multiple choice gap-filling exercises. Usually I have to guess the answer, and I always get half of them wrong! How can I study for this part of the exam?

Ariadne

I used to find the error correction exercise very difficult. I couldn't find the mistakes - I took out words which were correct and left in words which were wrong! But now I've had some practice at it I know what kind of mistakes to look for, and I can do the exercise quite well.

Kenji

I feel really nervous when I think about the listening test. If I miss the answer to the first question, my brain stops working and I don't understand anything. What can I do?

When you have thought about your advice for Anke and Kenji, look at the advice given at the end of the book. Did you have the same ideas? Do you think it is good advice?

Read a student's attempt at the letter on Workbook page 46. This is the kind of letter

you have to write in Paper 2, Part 1. How could the student have improved her letter?

L E S S O N 4

E x a m

r e v i e w

85

U N I T E L E V E N

Free time

A good sport

A sporting life

Think about answers to these questions:

Which arc the most popular sports in your country? Why are they so popular?

Why do you think it is important to play a sport regularly?

What sports do you think are dangerous? Why?

Listen to five people talking about different aspects of sport. For each speaker (7-5), choose

from the list A-F what he or she is doing. Use each letter only once. There is one extra letter which you do not need to use.

This speaker is

Agiving advice about staying fit.

Bexpressing concern about a current development.

Cproviding an example from history.

Dcriticising dangerous sports.

Eexplaining how to reach the top.

Fdescribing some career problems.

 

Phrasal verbs

We

often agree with people by saying a similar thing

in

different words. Match the statements (1-10) with

the

appropriate sentences of agreement (a-j), which

all

use phrasal verbs.

a

'No, they're playing away.'

b

'Yes, I must make up for lost time.'

c

'No. only a few turned up.'

d

'Yes, I'll keep on doing it.'

e'Yes, they like to show off.'

f'No, they haven't turned out many.'

g'Yes. let's play it hack.'

h'No. they were knocked out quite early.'

i'No. 1 don't feel up to it.'

j'Yes, they shouldn't go in for them.'

86

F r e e t i m e

 

 

Prepositional

phrases

in or out of or under?

 

 

Fill

each gap with the correct preposition.

1

 

Because of the heavy rain, the racing car went

 

 

control on the first bend of the track,

2

From the opening game, the tennis champion was

 

 

complete control of the match.

3 When fighting started among the football fans, the

 

 

police were quickly able to bring the situation

 

 

control.

 

 

4

 

The skier injured last week is now

 

 

 

danger and expected to leave hospital soon.

5

Each of the winners of the school races was

 

 

photographed

turn for the school

 

 

magazine.

 

 

6

 

When the pupils were

sight of the sports

 

 

teacher, they practised hard: but once they were

 

 

sight, they

stopped running

and sat

 

down for a rest.

 

7

Much sports equipment can be harmful to young

 

children and should be kept

their reach.

8

Although the athlete was still

breath

 

from the race, she spoke to the television

 

commentator.

 

9

The canoeist found herself

difficulties on

 

the river and had to be rescued.

 

10Badminton is a sport that can be played doors as easily as indoors.

Agreeing and

disagreeing

First, revise the language for agreeing and disagreeing which you learned in the Coursebook on pages 2 5 and 1 32. Then listen to the nine opinions about sport on the recording and respond to each of them in turn, using a suitable expression.

E X A M P L E :

An interest in magic

Have you ever seen a magician perform?

Do you know how they do their tricks? What skills and

what type of personality

 

do you think they need?

/

L E S S O N 1

A

g o o d

s p o r t

87

 

Rend this newspaper article about a young

 

magician's

talent for

performing

tricks. Choose

from

the list A-l the

sentence

which

best

summarises

each

paragraph

(1-8).

There

is

one extra

sentence you

do not need to

use.

 

 

 

 

 

ANot everything went right with Dominic's act.

BDominic's first lessons in magic were at school.

CMembership of the Magic Circle is useful for

magicians, especially for those starting their professional lives.

DDominic is determined to make a career out of his hobby.

EOne of the Magic Circle members praised Dominic's skills highly.

FOne of his tricks was created by Dominic himself.

GDominic calmly repeated his act and performed it brilliantly.

HSeven young people reached the difficult final stages of the Young Magician competition.

IDominic Wood became Young Magician of the Year and a member of the Magic Circle.

88

U N I T

1 1 F r e e t i m e

Find the word or phrase in the article which means:

1twice a year (paragraph 1):

2made to promise (paragraph 2): 3 starting (paragraph 2):

4 worrying (paragraph 3):

5 destroyed (paragraph 5):

6 unaffected (paragraph 5):

7 fascinated (paragraph 6):

8stayed in the same place in the air (paragraph 7):

9large ring (paragraph 7):

10 control of his hands (paragraph 8):

'be used to doing' / 'used to do'

Check that 'used to' is in the correct form in these sentences. Make any necessary corrections.

1Before the invention of the record player, people were used to make their own music at home in the evenings. Nowadays people aren't used to entertain themselves. They use to spend most of their leisure time watching television. In spite of the long time spent in front of the television set, reading is an even more popular pastime than it used to be.

2At one time women used to having less free time than men, because they were used to do all the housework, but now many men have got used the idea of sharing the household chores.

3Entertaining friends has always been a favourite way of passing the time. The ancient Romans used to eat and drink at banquets which lasted all day and night; they probably became used to get up the next day feeling ill!

4Today many people try to keep fit. People who used to sleep until noon at the weekend have now got used to get up early so that they can run, swim or do yoga before breakfast.

5A popular hobby is collecting things. Some people use to collect relatively cheap objects like stamps or postcards, while others use to prefer antique furniture or vintage cars.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prefixes

 

 

 

 

 

Combine one of the prefixes in Box A with one

 

of the words in Box B to form a new word

which

matches

one of

the

definitions listed

below (1-

16).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

co-

disim-

in-

inter-

midmis- non-

 

out-

prere- self-

 

sub-

super-

un-

 

under-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

active

 

centred

continental

 

day fiction

 

 

fortune

gain

 

heat

human

 

pack

paid

 

polite

 

run

satisfied

standard

worker

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

take

your

things

out

of

a

suitcase

.unpack

2

rude

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

selfish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

a story based on fact

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5colleague

6happening between Europe and America

7noon

8not earning enough money

9go faster than the other competitors in the race

10greater than the powers of an ordinary person

11not good enough

12not working or moving

13something unlucky

14not pleased

15get something back again

16allow to get hot in advance

The word in capitals at the end of each of the following sentences can be used to form a word

that fits suitably in the blank space. Fill each blank in this way. Some of the words you form will have prefixes and some won't.

1

I won't take my car to that .unreliable

 

 

mechanic again.

RELY

2

As a doctor she wants to

 

 

in child health.

SPECIAL

3

'Unless you find a new umpire, I'll drop out,'

 

 

the tennis player shouted

PATIENCE

4

Taking drugs led to his

 

 

from the Olympic Games.

QUALIFY

L E S S O N 2 H o b b i e s

a n d

p a s t i m e s

89

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