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FIRST CERTIFICATE

Avenues

Revised Edition W O R K B O O K with Answers

David Foil & Anne Kelly

CAMBRIDGE

UNIVERSITY PRESS

P U B L I S H E D B Y THE P R E S S S Y N D I C A T E O F THE U N I V E R S I T Y O F C A M B R I D G E

The Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 lRP, United Kingdom

C A M B R I D G E U N I V E R S I T Y P R E S S

The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 2 R U , United Kingdom 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10011-4211, USA

10 Stamford Road, Oakleigh, Melbourne 3166, Australia

© Cambridge University Press, 1997

This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception

and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without

the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 1997

Reprinted 1997

Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge

ISBN 0 521 49982 8 Workbook with Answers

ISBN 0 521 49983 6 Workbook

IS BN 0 521 49984 4 Workbook Cassette

ISBN 0 521 49979 8 Coursebook

ISBN 0 521 49980 1 Teacher's Book

ISBN 0 521 49981 X Set of 2 Class Cassettes

Contents

Introduction

to

the

teacher

Introduction

to

the

student

U N I T

1

 

Language

Lesson

1 L e a r n i n g

E n g l i s h

Grammar Asking questions; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs; Speaking Getting to know you

Lesson 2 E n g l i s h in the w o r l d

Reading Use your dictionary wisely; Dictionary skills;

Listening Learning Chinese

Lesson 3 U n s p o k e n m e s s a g e s

Reading The kiss is not a simple matter; Grammar Pronouns; Vocabulary The right word; Writing Confessions of an English student

U N I T

2

Eating

and

drinking

Lesson

1 N a t i o n a l food

 

 

Grammar Nouns; Vocabulary Containers and groups;

Reading Ice cream: What's in a lick; Speaking The secrets of the fridge

Lesson 2 S o m e like it hot

Grammar Personal preference; Writing My taste in food;

Grammar Adverbs

Lesson 3 Food for t h o u g h t

Vocabulary Phrasal verbs; Listening Food and drink; Vocabulary The right word

U N I T

3

People

Lesson

1 J u d g i n g by a p p e a r a n c e s

Reading A question of honour; Grammar Conditional sentences; Pronunciation Emphasising words; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs

Lesson 2 Q u i t e a c h a r a c t e r

Grammar Relative clauses; Vocabulary Character questionnaire; Writing Punctuation practice; Speaking

Personal description

Lesson 3 H e r o e s and H e r o i n e s

Listening The London Dungeon; Grammar Making deductions; Vocabulary The right word; Writing Linkers of addition; Writing My hero

U N I T 4 Town and country

Lesson 1 On the map

Grammar Comparatives and superlatives; Grammar

Passive; Speaking A nice place to live

C o n t e n t s

5

Lesson 2 In the c i t y

33

6Grammar Conditional sentences; Writing What would it be like?; Listening City life

L e s s o n 3 On the land

35

7Vocabulary The right word; Reading A hellishly noisy place: Pronunciation Numbers and symbols: Vocabulary

Phrasal verbs

8

U N I T

5

A

question

of

health

 

 

Lesson

1 H e a l t h

a n d fitnes s

 

38

10

Grammar The present: Writing A day in the life of ...;

Speaking Talking about photos

 

 

 

Lesson

2 W h a t ' s

the c u r e ?

 

40

 

Grammar Advice; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs; Listening

 

The subject is smoking

 

 

 

Lesson

3 P h y s i c a l l y d i f f e r e n t

42

15Reading A feeling of pure joy; Pronunciation Vowel sounds; Grammar Adjectives ending in -ing and -ed: Vocabulary The right word

Lesson

4

E x a m

r e v i e w

 

45

18

 

 

 

 

 

U N I T

 

6 A

place

called

home

Lesson

1

N e i g h b o u r h o o d s

46

20Grammar Present perfect; Writing Asking for information; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs

 

Lesson

2

L i v i n g

r o o m

48

 

Listening Converting my flat: Word formation

 

 

Compounds and adjectives; Speaking Safety at home

 

22

Lesson

3

I n t e r i o r s

50

 

 

Reading The luck of the house; Grammar The past:

 

 

Vocabulary The right word

 

25

U N I

T

7

On

the move

 

 

Lesson

1

On

the

r o a d

53

 

Vocabulary Prepositional phrases; Grammar Reported

 

 

statements; Speaking Expressing opinion; Grammar

 

27

Asking

questions

 

 

 

Lesson

2

A i r m a i l

55

 

Reading Air anxiety seminars; Word formation Nouns;

 

 

Writing A letter to a friend; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs

 

 

Lesson

3

E x o t i c h o l i d a y s

57

31Grammar Modal verbs; Listening Early package tours and women travellers; Vocabulary The right word

3

U N I T

8

What's

in

the

news?

 

Lesson 1

F r o m

our o w n

c o r r e s p o n d e n t

61

Grammar The past; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs;

 

Pronunciation

Weak forms; Speaking Reporter for a day

 

Lesson 2

N e w s

into

h i s t o r y

 

63

Listening History in the making; Grammar Conditional

 

sentences: Writing / was there

 

 

Lesson 3

H o w

 

c o u l d

it

h a p p e n

here?

64

Reading Haunted waters; Grammar Time relationships;

Vocabulary Prepositional phrases; Vocabulary The right word

U N I T

9

Making

your

way

Lesson

1 R i g h t foot

f o r w a r d

69

Grammar Reported questions; Writing The job interview;

Word formation Practice exercise; Speaking Asking politely

Lesson 2 T h e p o u n d in y o u r p o c k e t

71

Speaking Shopping; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs;

Grammar Getting people to do things; Vocabulary

Prepositional phrases

Lesson 3 W r o n g foot f o r w a r d

73

Listening Down and out in Harlem: Reading A hopeless case?: Grammar Reason, result and purpose: Vocabulary The right word

UNIT

10

 

Relationships

 

Lesson

1 F r i e n d s h i p

 

77

Grammar Modal verbs; Grammar Simple or progressive?;

Reading Love and marriage; Speaking What would

 

happen if ...?

 

 

 

 

Lesson

2 A l l

in

the f a m i l y

80

Listening A

traditional family; Grammar The article;

Word

formation

Verbs;

Vocabulary Prepositional

phrases

Lesson

3 B r i d g i n g the

g e n e r a t i o n g a p

82

Grammar Contrast: Writing Between childhood and adult life; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs; Vocabulary The right word

Lesson

4

E x a m

r e v i e w

85

U N I T

 

11

Free

time

 

Lesson

1

A g o o d

s p o r t

86

Listening A sporting life; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs;

 

Vocabulary Prepositional phrases; Speaking Agreeing

 

and disagreeing

 

 

 

 

Lesson

2

H o b b i e s a n d p a s t i m e s

87

Reading An interest in magic: Grammar be used to doing

 

I used to do; Word formation Prefixes; Speaking My

 

favourite

things

in

life

 

 

Lesson

3

H a v i n g

a

g o o d tim e

90

Grammar The future; Vocabulary The right word;

 

Writing

Putting something right

 

U N I T

12

Improving

your

mind

 

Lesson 1

B r a i n

P o w e r

 

 

 

94

Grammar The -ing form of the verb: Writing Dreams in

 

everyday life; Vocabulary Phrasal verbs

 

 

Lesson 2

T h e h a p p i e s t

days

of y o u r life?

95

Listening Studying abroad; Grammar 'wish' I 'if only';

 

Vocabulary Prepositional phrases; Speaking Unwillingly

 

to school?

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson 3

G r e a t e x h i b i t i o n s

 

 

97

Pronunciation Word linking; Grammar Comparatives

 

and superlatives (revision); Reading About a million

 

dollars' worth; Vocabulary The right word

 

U N I T

1 3

Science

and

technology

 

Lesson 1

C o m p u t e r s

 

 

 

101

Reading Mieroseopie machines; Grammar The infinitive;

 

Vocabulary Phrasal verbs; Word formation Revision

 

exercise

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson 2

In s p a c e

 

 

 

103

Grammar The future; Grammar Reported speech

 

(revision); Vocabulary Prepositional phrases; Speaking

 

Looking

to the future

 

 

 

 

Lesson 3

M i n d over matter

 

 

106

Listening Watch out!; Grammar Quantity; Vocabulary

 

The right word;

Writing A letter to a friend

 

U N I T

14

The

world

around

us

 

Lesson 1

T h e e n v i r o n m e n t

 

 

109

Grammar Passive (revision); Reading Back from

 

extinction; Writing Looking at both sides

 

 

Lesson 2 A n i m a l life

 

 

 

112

Grammar The -ing form or the infinitive; Vocabulary

Phrasal verbs (revision); Speaking Family animals; Word formation Revision exercise

Lesson 3 C o n c r e t e j u n g l e

114

Grammar Impersonal 'it': Vocabulary The right word: Listening An unusual story

U N I T

15

Culture

and

tradition

Lesson

1 T r a d i t i o n a l s t o r i e s

116

Reading Once upon a time; Grammar Revision of tenses;

Vocabulary Phrasal verbs

(revision)

 

Lesson

2 A r t a n d

c u l t u r e

119

Listening The arts; Grammar Conditional sentences

(revision); Writing Making a complaint

 

Lesson

3 C e l e b r a t i o n s

 

121

Speaking Family celebrations; Vocabulary The right

word;

Grammar Revision exercise

 

Lesson

4 E x a m

r e v i e w

124

Tapescripts

 

 

126

Answers

 

 

137

Acknowledgements

 

 

i n s i d e b a c k cover

4

C o n t e n t s

Introduction to the teacher

This Workbook is designed to complement First Certificate Avenues Revised Edition Coursebook. It gives students further practice in the grammar, vocabulary and skills work done in the Coursebook and provides further experience of exam exercise types. The Workbook is available in two versions: one with tapescripts and answers, and one without.

The Workbook exercises are organised into three lessons for each unit, which correspond to Lessons 1, 2 and 3 of each Coursebook unit. (There are only Workbook exercises which correspond to Coursebook Lesson 4s for Units 5, 10 and 15.)

You may wish to use some exercises in class, to set others as homework, or to suggest that students treat the Workbook as a resource for individual study. Where class time is limited, or where individual students have special needs or difficulties, you will find it helpful to have this bank of appropriate exercises which students can be encouraged to make use of in their own time.

If students are to use the Workbook on their own, it would be a good idea to go through the Introduction to the student with them first. Make sure they understand how to make best use of the answers and tapescripts, and that they follow the rationale for using a cassette player when doing the speaking tasks and for practising speaking where possible with a classmate.

The Workbook reading, writing, listening and speaking exercises will give students practice in exam type tasks as well as help develop language skills. The grammar exercises will consolidate work done in the Coursebook and help students acquire the accuracy and range of structures needed for all five papers at First Certificate. Similarly, the vocabulary exercises will build on Coursebook work and extend students' active range in frequently used topic areas. Completed exercises will be useful for reference and revision.

I n t r o d u c t i o n

t o

t h e

t e a c h e r

5

Introduction to the student

You probably already realise that, if you want to make progress in English, you have to study by yourself as well as do work in class. This Workbook is to help you make the best use of your home study time.

HOW TO USE THE WORKBOOK

Your teacher may ask you to do certain Workbook exercises for homework, or you may use the Workbook entirely on your own. If you arc using the Workbook without a teacher, you probably need to have the edition which has answers (and the texts of the recorded material) at the back. Then, when you have completed an exercise, you can check your answers for yourself. Of course, you should never look at the answers, or the tapescript, until you have done the exercise. Before you do any Workbook exercise, study the instructions and the example carefully so that you know what to do.

HOW THE WORKBOOK IS ORGANISED

The Workbook exercises give you further practice in the work you have done on grammar, vocabulary and reading, writing, listening and speaking skills in the

First Certificate Avenues Coursebook. There are Workbook exercises for Lessons 1, 2 and 3 of every Coursebook unit. You should do the Workbook exercises after you have done the corresponding Coursebook lesson in class.

The reading, writing, listening and speaking tasks give you practice in the kinds of exercises you will have to do in the Eirst Certificate exam.

There is a Workbook cassette which contains all the recorded material for the listening, speaking and pronunciation exercises.

GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY

You will find the Workbook grammar exercises give you more practice in grammar work done in the Coursebook.

The Workbook vocabulary exercises practise vocabulary that has been taught in the Coursebook. They also extend your vocabulary with other words and phrases around the topic of the unit which are useful at First Certificate level.

READING AND LISTENING

Doing the Workbook reading and listening tasks will help you improve your reading and listening skills. You

should do the tasks in different ways. Sometimes you can take as much time as you need, reading or listening to the text as often as you like, and. if you can't guess the meaning of an important word, using a dictionary to help you. At other times you should do the tasks as timed exam practice: only listening to each listening text twice, and taking 1 5-20 minutes to do each reading task, and not referring to a dictionary.

WRITING

Doing the Workbook writing tasks will develop your writing skills. Remember to follow the instructions, to make a paragraph plan before you write, and to check what you have written carefully afterwards. It's useful if a teacher can correct your written work for you, but it's not essential. Just doing the writing is good practice. If possible, ask a classmate to read what you have written to see if you have communicated your ideas clearly. There are model answers to some writing tasks at the back of the edition with answers. Sometimes you should try to do a writing task as timed exam practice. If you want to do that, think about the task, plan, write and check your work, all in 45 minutes.

SPEAKING

The Workbook speaking tasks are perhaps the most difficult exercises to do on your own. But it is very important that you practise your speaking as much as the other skills. This is because Eirst Certificate Paper 5, like the other papers, earns 20 % of the total marks in the exam - and you can only improve by practising.

For most speaking tasks there is an example or model on the cassette. Listen to this carefully. Practise what you want to say, then record yourself speaking on a blank cassette. Listen to what you have said, think how you could improve your performance and record yourself again. This will help you express your ideas more fluently and make fewer mistakes. If possible, do the speaking tasks with a classmate. Then you can help each other, enjoy the task more, and get useful exam practice. Remember, in the First Certificate exam you will do Paper 5 with another candidate.

Doing the Workbook exercises in addition to the work in First Certificate Avenues Coursebook will mean you face the exam with added confidence in your ability to do all five papers well.

6

I n t r o d u c t i o n

t o

t h e

s t u d e n t

U N S T O N E

Language

1 Learning English

Grammar Asking questions

Claudia is in England and wants to do a summer school in English. Complete her conversation with the director of the Central Language College.

DIRECTOR: Good morning. Can I help you?

CLAUDIA: Yes, please. I'd like some information. Could you (1) ..tell..me..about your college ?

DIRECTOR: Certainly. Do you want to study English

here?

CLAUDIA: Yes, but I can't stay in England very long. When (2) ?

DIRECTOR: Would Monday suit you? We have a few free places then.

CLAIDIA: That would be fine. How long (3)

?

DIRECTOR: Exactly four weeks. It ends on the second of

September.

CLAEDIA: Could you tell me how many (4)

?

DIRECTOR: Three in the morning and two in the

afternoon. You'll have to work hard!

CLALDIA: Are (5)

?

DIRECTOR: Well, the average number is twelve. Our

 

teachers find that the best size.

 

CLAIJDIA: I don't have to (6)

?

DIRECTOR: I'm afraid you do. Your marks will tell us

 

which is the best class for you.

 

CLAUDIA: What about accommodation? Can you

 

(7)

?

DIRECTOR: We'll do our best. But most of our regular families are fully booked at the moment.

CLAUDIA: Well, I think I'll do the course. Shall I write you a cheque now?

Vocabulary

 

Phrasal

verbs

 

 

These phrasal

verbs

are

frequently

used

in the

 

English

language

classroom:

 

 

 

 

 

catch up with

cross out

fill

in

 

get on

 

go through

hand in

let off

look up

read out

 

rub out

stand in for

work out

 

 

 

 

Replace

the words

in italics with a phrasal verb, in

 

the correct

form,

from

the

box.

Use

a different

 

phrasal

verb

each

time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

If you work hard, you'll

make progress

(..get.on

)

 

in English.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

Solve (

 

 

 

 

 

 

) the

problem by finding

 

 

(

 

 

 

 

 

) the word in the dictionary.

 

3

Make notes by completing (

 

 

 

) the

 

 

chart on page 23; then say aloud (

 

 

)

 

what you have written to your partner.

 

4

I know it's a holiday tomorrow, but I'm not going to

 

excuse you from

doing (

 

 

 

 

 

) your

 

 

homework.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

Check (

 

 

 

 

 

 

) what you have written

 

 

carefully before you give (

 

 

 

) your

 

 

composition to the teacher for correction.

 

6

You have missed a lot of classes, so you must do

 

 

some

extra

work

to

reach

the

same

level

as

 

 

(

 

 

 

 

 

) the other students.

 

7

You can remove (

 

 

 

 

 

 

)

a mistake

 

 

written in pencil, but you have to draw a line through

 

(

 

 

 

 

 

) one written in ink.

 

8

Your normal teacher is ill, so I'm doing the job for

 

 

(

 

 

 

 

 

) her today.

 

 

 

 

Use your dictionary to check the meanings of any of these verbs that you are not sure of. Learn the ones that are new for you.

L E S S O N

1 L e a r n i n g

E n g l i s h

7

Listen to ten 'getting to know you' questions on the recording and answer them with

information about yourself. These questions are typical of the sort of questions the examiner will ask you in Part 1 of Paper J.

There is a pause on the recording between each question: try to keep talking for the whole length of the pause.

When you have answered all the questions, stop the recording and think about your answers. In

what ways could you improve them? Did you make any grammar mistakes which you can correct now?

C o u l d y o u hav e used mor e precise or mor e interesting vocabulary? Can you think of a better way of joining your ideas together?

Rewind the recording and answer the questions again. Were your answers better this time?

For further practice, if possible, ask and answer the questions with a classmate.

Use your dictionary wisely

Read

the following

advice

carefully.

Three of

the

'rules'

give

unwise advice:

which

do you

think they

are?

Why?

Look at the end of the book to see if you are right about the 'unwise rules'.

U N I T 1

L a n g u a g e

P R O N U N C I A T I O N

Which word is the odd one out? Check your answers in the dictionary.

EXAMPLE: 1 ship: The vowel sound in ship is /I/, not /i:/ like the other words.

1

tree

piece

(ship)

key

leaf

 

2

bed

sand

head

said

friend

3

laugh

much does once

young

4

full

wolf could

foot

fool

 

5 born

ought

fault

board

cough

6

first

warm

serve

earth

word

7 Underline the silent letters. Check your answers in the dictionary.

EXAMPLE: knife

dumb

sword honest cupboard Wednesday

ghost

should whistle knee half walk

doubt

psychology receipt

 

 

M E A N I N G A N D USE

All the verbs in the box are to do with speaking in some way. In the dictionary, check the particular meaning of each verb and how it is used. For example, what preposition comes after 'refer'?

argued boasted chatted complained discussed expressed insisted mentioned objected

referred

Complete each sentence with an appropriate verb from the box. Think about meaning and grammar.

1

In his speech he ..referred

to the help he

 

had received from his friends.

 

2

In the lunch break we

about

 

our favourite television programmes.

 

3 She

her ideas simply so that

 

everyone could

understand.

 

4

I

that I was going on holiday.

 

but I didn't give any details.

 

5

He

on giving me a lift in his

 

car. even though I wanted to walk.

 

6

She

with her father all day, but

 

he still wouldn't let her go to the party.

7

He

about his rich and famous

 

parents and the expensive presents they gave him.

8

The students

to the large

 

amount of homework the teacher gave them.

9

Although she had

the problem

 

with her doctor, she still felt worried.

10

I have

to my neighbours

 

several times about the noise they make late at

 

night.

 

 

I D I O M S

 

 

When you want

to know the meaning of an

idiom, you can look up a key word in the dictionary. Match each sentence (1-6) with an appropriate response (a-f). Then check your answers by looking at all the entries for the key word 'world' in the dictionary.

1

Is the food good there?

2

She says she can be a good mother and have a

 

successful career.

3

Clare looks really happy.

4

Tom doesn't want to lose his secretary.

5

Paul never takes any notice of what's happening.

6

Luke doesn't have that huge car any more.

aYes, she wants the best of both worlds.

bNo, he's come down in the world.

cYes, it's out of this world.

dNo, he's in a world of his own.

eYes, she's on top of the world.

fNo, he thinks the world of her.

What other useful phrases or idioms does your dictionary give for the word 'world'?

Learning Chinese

Listen to Sue, an English teacher, talking about her experience of learning Chinese. What aspect

of this is she describing?

Ausing her coursebook

Bremembering new vocabulary

Ctaking part in conversations

Listen again and complete this summary of the methods Sue used. It is written as seven points

of advice on remembering new vocabulary in any foreign language. The first letter of each missing word is given. One example (5) has been done for you.

1

U

the v

in

 

your textbook which you need in r

2

One way to r

 

a word is to find a

 

similar w

 

in your language:

 

another way is to make a picture of it in your mind.

3

Learn your v

 

not once a week

 

but a I

 

and o

L E S S O N

2

E n g l i s h

i n

t h e

w o r l d

9

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