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5

Although I

with you,

 

I'm afraid I can't help you.

 

SYMPATHY

6

Please

that the electricity

 

is switched off.

 

SURE

7

The stolen necklace has belonged to my family

 

for 300 years, so it is

 

PLACE

8

He was able to

the boy

 

who had taken his bicycle.

 

IDENTITY

9

In spite of her

for

the

 

job they decided to give her a chance.

SUIT

10

The ducks have to be

 

 

 

before we can sell them.

 

FAT

 

My favourite

things

in life

These three charts show what three different people chose as their favourite things in life.

What kind of person do you think each of A-C is? Talk about the person's

-age

-sex

-character

Which person do you think you would get on with best? Why?

First listen to an example on the recording, which starts but does not finish the task.

Now record your own ideas on a blank cassette. Listen to them, think how you could improve what you say

and

record

everything

again.

 

What would your own chart look like? Why?

 

Again, record your ideas on a blank cassette,

listen and

repeat.

 

 

 

If

possible,

find

a classmate to repeat the tasks

 

in

 

and

 

with. (These tasks are typical of

the

tasks

in

Part

3

of

Paper 5.) Try also to practise

the

conversation

skills

you practised in the

Coursebook

on page

122.

How much do you agree or disagree with each other?

How different are your own charts?

Having a good time

 

 

The future

 

2

A Who

(you/go) to

 

Complete

these dialogues using

the verb

in

 

the St Valentine's Dance with?

 

 

B

Actually, I

(have)

 

brackets

with 'will' or 'going

to'.

 

 

 

 

a party at home that evening. Would you like to

1 A

What .are you, going to do

(you/do) on

 

 

come?

 

 

your birthday?

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

A

Oh dear, I know there

(be)

B

I'm not sure yet. I think my parents ..Will

take,,

 

a lot of mess after the party.

 

 

(take) me out to dinner.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B

I

(help) you clear

 

 

 

 

 

up, if you like.

90

U N I T 1 1 F r e e t i m e

4 A The new Tom Hanks film is on at the Odeon

 

cinema this week. I

 

(see)

 

it on Saturday.

 

 

B

I didn't know it was on. I

(come)

 

with you.

 

 

 

5 A Look at the sky. It

 

(snow).

B

Then we

 

 

(not

 

drive) home along the mountain road.

 

 

Complete these sentences using the verb in

 

brackets.

Put the verb

in the present

progressive

if the sentence

expresses a

fixed future arrangement;

put the verb in the present simple if the arrangement involves an official timetable or the calendar.

1

The film ..begins

(begin) at 9.15.

2

Laura

(sing) a solo at the

 

school concert next week.

3 'Firecracker' disco

(open) on 1 5

 

January.

 

4

We

(have) a barbecue on the

 

beach tomorrow evening.

5

I

(play) tennis with Fabio next

 

weekend.

 

6

The boat

(arrive) in Rhodes at

 

8 o'clock in the morning.

7 What time

(plane/land) in

 

Berlin?

 

8

I

(not go) to Trevor's party on

 

Saturday and nor

Elena.

9

Raul

(start) his new job in

 

March.

 

10

We

(take) my penfriend to see

the castle this afternoon.

L E S S O N 3 H a v i n g a g o o d t i m e

The right word

 

 

Fill the gaps in a-d by using each word in the

 

 

box

once

only.

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

court

field

pitch

ring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

The primary school has a sports

,

 

 

where the children

play different kinds of

sports.

bThe two boxers climbed into the and prepared to fight.

cThe hotel has a private tennis behind the gardens.

dThe football fans cheered as the national team ran out on to the

2 excluded forbidden hindered prevented

aIn the club children under 12 are to use the billiard equipment.

 

b

The captain was

from playing

 

 

in the match by a severe leg injury.

 

c

Women are still

from

 

 

membership of that club.

 

 

 

d

The football manager's career has not been

 

 

 

by his lack of formal

 

 

education.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

cancelled

limited paused

postponed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

The excursion has been

 

due

 

 

to lack of

interest.

 

 

 

b

The match was

until both

 

 

players had recovered from flu.

 

c

The hikers

 

to look at the map

 

 

of the valley.

 

 

dTickets for the Cup Final are to one pair per person.

4

 

admission

approach

entrance entry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

Let's meet at the

to the

 

 

swimming pool.

 

 

 

b

There is no

to the art gallery

 

 

after 5.30 pm.

 

 

 

c

The

 

to the villa is through a

 

 

long avenue of trees.

 

 

 

d

The country denies

to anyone

 

 

without

a visa.

 

 

91

5

 

hasty prompt rapid swift

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

heartbeats

and breathlessness?

 

 

It might be heart problems, but you could just be

 

 

unfit.

 

 

b

The river is very

here: it's

 

 

dangerous to swim.

 

 

c

Don't make any

decisions

 

 

when buying a motorbike: take your time and

 

 

consider the options.

 

dThe club secretary sent us a

reply to our membership application.

6 agreement appointment arrangement date

aI'm going out tonight: I've got a with Marco.

bHis father has made another

 

 

to see the school rugby coach.

 

 

c

We have a good

 

 

with

our

 

 

neighbours: we use their pool and they use our

 

 

tennis

court!

 

 

 

 

 

d

The town council has signed a new

 

 

 

 

 

 

with local businesses to

 

 

develop a leisure complex.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

calm

constant

idle

steady

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

The sea was so

 

 

it was like a

 

 

sheet of glass.

 

 

 

 

 

b

You need a very

 

hand

when

 

 

writing with a brush like the Japanese.

 

 

c

On the motorway she drove at a

 

 

 

speed of 11 0 k.p.h.

 

 

 

 

d

When the youth club was closed, the young

 

 

people were left

 

 

and bored.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

drag

pick

pump

scatter swing

throw

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Which verb could you use for the action of

knit sew stitch weave

Which verb could you use for the action of

1putting a button back on a shirt?

2making a carpet?

3making a jersey?

4 mending a tear in material?

disting uish glance glimpse

identify

notice observe recognise

stare

 

 

Which verb could you use for the action of

1 looking quickly through a magazine?

2looking hard at your face in the mirror?

3becoming aware of someone?

4seeing for only a moment an animal running through trees?

5carefully watching a laboratory rat perform an experiment?

6seeing the difference between two people who look very similar?

7knowing someone because you have seen them before?

8using something about someone's appearance to say who they are?

Sort the words into two lists: GET LARGER and GET SMALLER.

decrease expand extend increase lower raise reduce shrink

Complete sentences 1-8 with a

word from

your lists.

Use each word once only. Make

any other

necessary

changes.

 

 

1

The factory has ..reduced

its

workforce

 

from 2 , 0 0 0 to 1,500.

 

 

2

The government is about to

 

the

 

voting age from 21 to 18.

 

 

3

This shirt has

terribly and I've

 

only washed it once.

 

 

4

The swimmer took a deep breath, fully

 

 

his lungs, then dived to the

 

bottom of the lake.

 

 

5

Visitors wishing to

their visas

 

must make an application at the immigration office.

92

U N I T 1 1 F r e e t i m e

6 Fortunately, the number of people finding jobs at the moment is

7 Marriage is less popular than it used to be: the number of people getting married has

noticeably.

8 After the hotels their prices by

50%, the number of visitors fell sharply.

Putting something right

You went to the opening of a new disco in your town last week. Read the review of the disco.

published in a local newspaper, together with the notes gou made disagreeing with the writer.

Write a letter to the editor of the newspaper, defending the disco and explaining your point

of view. Write 120-180 words in an appropriate style.

Remember to do a paragraph plan before you start to write.

After writing, check that

you have included all the relevant points

you have used your own words as much as possible

you have organised your ideas clearly in paragraphs

you have written in an appropriately polite but forceful way which will impress the editor of the newspaper

you have begun and ended your letter in an appropriate way

you haven't made any grammar, spelling or punctuation mistakes

L E S S O N 3

H a v i n g a

g o o d

t i m e

93

Improving your mind

Brain power

 

 

The -ing form

of the

verb

 

 

Rewrite these sentences using the -ing form of the

verb.

 

 

1

Nadia's favourite composer is Mozart.

 

Nadia prefers

.listening

to music by

 

Mozart.

 

 

2

Don't do that

intelligence test because it's pointless.

 

There's no

 

that

intelligence test.

3The lecture was so boring I fell asleep - I couldn't help it.

 

I couldn't

during the

 

boring lecture.

 

4

Igor denied that

he had been a spy in the factory.

 

Igor denied

in the factory.

5

Why don't we ask the director for his advice?

 

I suggest

the director for

 

his advice.

 

6Everybody makes mistakes sometimes. Sometimes you can't avoid

mistakes.

7Sabine really hates people who boast about their cars.

Sabine can't stand

about

their cars.

 

S If you want to ruin your life,

I can't stop you.

I can't prevent

your life.

9Clara wants to continue with her business studies. Clara wants to carry

business.

10Joel might visit a psychiatrist.

Joel's thinking

a

psychiatrist.

 

Dreams in everyday life

Ask as many people as you can (at least ten) to complete the questionnaire. If you ask your

classmates, ask the questions in English. But if you ask other people, your family for example, you may translate the questions into your language. Make a note of everybody's answers.

94

U N I T 1 2

I m p r o v i n g

y o u r

m i n d

Look at all the information you have collected and summarise it in a report called 'Dreams in

everyday life' (120-180 words).

Use some of these headings in your report:

Introduction Frequency Causes Types

Importance Conclusion

If possible, exchange reports with some classmates. Do you all reach similar

conclusions?

Phrasal verbs

Complete each sentence by writing in the missing part of the phrasal verb.

1

I can't work

..out.

the interest on the

 

loan without

a calculator.

 

2

People find it hard to take

new

 

facts if they are depressed.

 

3

I'll

over what you have said and

 

let you know my decision tomorrow.

4

You won't deceive the judge because he can

 

 

through

your lies.

5

Advertisers try to get

the idea that

 

their products are the best on the market.

6

The professor ended the lecture by summing

 

 

the points she had made earlier.

7As long as you stay calm, you'll through all your exams easily.

8

The minister has to face

to the

 

unpopularity of her education policy.

9

Psychologists sometimes

up

 

against the problem of children who refuse to

 

speak.

 

10

Marilyn

round the difficulty of not

having a pen by writing her message with her lipstick.

The happiest days of your life?

Studying abroad

What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of studying abroad?

Using the symbols in the key, mark each of the points below according to your point of view. What are your reasons?

KEY

+ = advantage

-= disadvantage

?= possible advantage or disadvantage

being away from your family

living in new accommodation

meeting new people

eating different food

getting a better qualification

seeing different scenery

getting to know a different culture

going out in a different city

Listen to part of a talk Vanessa gave to some students about her experiences of studying

abroad. For questions 1-12 complete the notes, which summarise the content of her talk. Write a word or short phrase in each gap.

L E S S O N 1

B r a i n p o w e r

95

'wish' / 'if only'

Some of these sentences are grammatically correct, but others are not. Check for mistakes and make any necessary corrections.

 

had done

1

They wish they did their homework last night.

2

If only I can drive to school every day.

3

I wish you would concentrate on your work.

4If only we would have more mathematics classes this term.

5Jake wished he hadn't missed his music lesson.

6Most people today wish they earn more money.

7I wish Anita didn't keep interrupting the teacher in yesterday's biology class.

8Mr Blake wishes he didn't have to cancel next week's school trip.

9I wish you wouldn't tease the younger children.

10If only Jola has passed all her exams when she left school.

Prepositional phrases

by or on?

Fill each gap with the correct preposition.

1

'There's a big difference between whether you

 

switched my computer off

accident or

 

 

purpose,' the teacher said angrily.

2

 

mistake the candidate wrote all her

 

answers in pencil, despite the instructions.

3

In the library the student found himself sitting

 

 

chance opposite the author of the book he

 

was reading.

 

 

4

The bookshop has run out of the textbooks, but they

 

have some more

order.

5

While the class was studying the rocks on the beach,

 

a sudden storm took them

surprise.

6

He doesn't enjoy his history lessons because he has

 

to learn so many dates

heart.

 

 

 

 

 

 

in fact in other words in some ways

 

 

 

in the way

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Which phrase can you use to

1refer to something blocking a road or path?

2show you want to express something in a different (usually simpler) way?

3emphasise that something really is true?

4 suggest that something is partly true?

96

Unwillingly to school?

Which of these statements do you most agree with? Which do you disagree with? Why?

Listen to Ken and Jane discussing the last statement. Who do you agree with more? Why?

Express your own opinions on the statements. Remember to use the language and skills you

practised on page 64 of the Coursebook.

Record your opinions on a blank cassette. Listen to them and think how you could improve what you say. Then record everything again.

If possible, compare your opinions with those of a classmate. Do you have the same opinions?

U N I T 1 2

I m p r o v i n g y o u r m i n d

If, on the hand, it's a specialist
of museum, one that's interest to only a few, then I
right if people to pay to get in.'
said and fill in the ten missing

Great exhibitions

Word linking

Are the museums in your country free, or do you have to pay to visit them? Do you think

museums should be Jree, or that people should have to pay to get in?

'I think that museums that (1)

 

concerned with national culture should be free for

 

(2)

the people of that nation. Such

 

museums are (3)

part of the

 

national heritage,

and so should be (4)

,

without charge, to (5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

suppose it's (9) (10)

Listen to what Mark words.

Each of the ten missing words is linked to the word before it by sound. In each case, which of the six ways of linking words by sound shown in the

Coursebook on page 151 is used?

Practise repeating what Mark said, paying special attention to your word linking. Copy as

closely as you can the sounds you hear. If possible, record yourself and listen to yourself speaking. How close is your version to Mark's?

Comparatives and

superlatives (revision)

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

1There isn't a more famous wax museum than Madame Tussaud's.

famous

Madame Tussaud's ..is.the most famous

wax museum in the world.

2I don't find paintings as interesting as sculpture, interested

I am

paintings.

3You won't see a better collection of ancient Greek art than in the National Archaeological Museum in Athens.

place

The National Archaeological Museum in Athens

to see ancient

Greek art.

4 Ms Clark is a better teacher than Professor Collins.

teach

Professor Collins doesn't

Ms Clark.

5We won't want to be as long in the museum as in the castle.

spend

 

We'll want

in the

museum than

in the castle.

6The old art gallery is half the size of the new one. big

The new art gallery is the old one.

L E S S O N 3

G r e a t e x h i b i t i o n s

97

7Other security systems are more difficult to operate than this museum's.

least

Compared with other museums, this museum's

security system

to

operate.

 

8Other jade collections aren't nearly as valuable as the one in the National Palace Museum in Taipei, much

The jade

collection in the National Palace Museum

in Taipei

others.

9Brian was the most badly behaved child on the trip to the Science Museum.

behaved

All the children behaved badly on the trip to the Science Museum, but

of all.

10My opinion of the art exhibition is different from yours.

same

My opinion of the art exhibition yours.

About a million dollars' worth

In what ways do museums need to protect their exhibits? How can they do this? Has there been

a recent news story of a theft of an exhibit from a museum, or any other damage caused to an exhibit?

In this extract from a thriller, the main character, Arthur, is being involved in a plot to

steal exhibits from the Treasury of Topkapi Palace, Istanbul (the palace of the Sultans of the old Ottoman Empire, and now a famous museum). Read

the

extract quickly. Which exhibits are

they plotting

to

steal?

 

 

Eight sentences have been removed from the

 

extract. Choose from the sentences

A-I the one

which fits each gap (1-8). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.

* = another name (used by foreigners) for the palace

The book from which this extract comes was made into a successful film called 'Topkapi', starring Peter Ustinov and Melina Mercouri. Try to see it if you can!

98

U N I T

1 2

I m p r o v i n g y o u r m i n d

Draw in pencil on your map the route the plotters will take to the roof of the Treasury

museum. The start has been done for you.

L E S S O N

3 : G r e a t

e x h i b i t i o n s

The right word

Fill the gaps in a-d by using each word in the box once only.

1

 

certificate degree grade

mark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

He didn't lose one

 

in the

 

 

grammar test: he's obviously remembered

 

 

everything!

 

 

 

b

At the end of the computer training course, every

 

 

participant was given a

 

of

 

 

attendance.

 

 

 

c

To get into that university you need to get a

 

 

A in all your subjects.

dEven though I have a university I still can't get a job.

2

 

enrolled

entered

qualified sat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

She

 

as a doctor just before her

 

 

thirtieth

birthday.

b

I've just

 

on a course in mime

 

 

and dance at the

local college.

cIn the old days no one

university without a knowledge of Latin.

 

d

When I was a student, we

 

our

 

 

first important exams at the end of the second

 

 

year.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

career post profession

task

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

She's just taken up the

 

of

 

 

head teacher at the new school.

 

b

A computer would make the

 

 

of checking the accounts much easier.

cShe's a surgeon by

dHe's written a book on the political

of Nelson Mandela.

4 neglected obtained possessed preserved

aThe university museum has just

a set of early microscopes - shall we go and see them?

b

The retiring professor

all the

 

qualities necessary to run a university

 

 

department.

 

c

This museum is very

;

 

everything is covered in dust and there are no

 

explanations of the exhibits.

 

d

The old palace has been

as a

 

conference and exhibition centre.

 

99

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