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Food for thought

Phrasal verbs

Which nouns in Box II can combine with which phrasal verbs in Box A to make sensible

sentences? For some of them more than one combination is possible.

EXAMPLE: YOU can clear up the mess (after a party).

A

 

B

 

clear up

 

a new recipe

cut down on

 

the mess

cut off

 

the

empty package

go off

 

your belt

let out

 

sugar

pick

out

 

the electricity

put

away

 

fattening foods

run out of

 

the

shopping

throw away

 

the

ripe apples

try out

 

milk

 

 

 

 

 

What instructions might a mother give to a child who was helping her in the kitchen in these situations? Complete each instruction with a

phrasal verb with 'up'.

1

The child hasn't finished eating her breakfast.

 

Eat.

up..

your breakfast.'

2

She hasn't drunk all her juice. '

 

 

 

your juice.'

 

3

The mother wants to make chips. 'I've peeled the

 

potatoes, now you

them

'

4

She thinks the heat is too low under the saucepan.

 

'Please

 

the

gas.'

5

The child has spilt juice on the table. '

 

 

the mess with a cloth.'

 

6

There are a lot of dirty dishes. 'Please

 

 

 

the dishes

for me.'

 

20

 

Food

and

drink

 

What

was your favourite food

and drink

when

you were a child? Do you still like it? What

food (or drink) do you deliberately eat (or drink)

because you

know it is good for your health?

 

Is there any food (or drink) that you know you

 

shouldn't eat

(or drink), but

which

you find it

hard

to give up?

 

 

 

 

Listen to five people talking about different aspects of food and drink. For each speaker

( 1-5 ), choose from the list A-F what he or she is doing. Use each letter only once. There is one extra letter which you do not need to use.

This speaker is

A saying that the smell of certain foods reminds him/her of earlier times.

Btalking about a drink she/he has daily.

Crecommending people to take a certain drink regularly.

Dremembering a type of food he/she ate as a child.

Eexplaining the origins of a famous drink.

Fdescribing the advantages to the health of eating a certain food.

U N I T 2

E a t i n g a n d

d r i n k i n g

The right word

Write the correct word at the end of each definition.

chef chief cook cooker

1This person's job is to cook food:

2This person is the head cook in a hotel or restaurant kitchen. She/he often wears a tall white hat:

3This is the object on. or in, which food is cooked:

4This person is the leader of a group of people:

How do you eat something you've never had before? Fill the gaps by using each word in the

box once.

bite chew nibble swallow

1

 

First you

 

a little to see if you like

 

 

it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 Then when you've decided you do like it, you

 

 

 

 

off a bigger piece.

 

 

3

 

Next you

 

it

carefully.

4 Then you

 

it,

and take another

 

 

bite.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fill the gaps in a-d by using each word or

 

 

 

phrase in the box once only.

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sliced

spread stirred

stuffed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

First the cook

 

 

the

peppers

 

 

 

with rice and minced meat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

Then he

the sauce

 

 

 

continuously until it had thickened.

 

 

 

 

c

After that he

 

the

biscuits

 

 

 

thickly with soft cheese.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d

Lastly he

 

the tomatoes thinly.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

dripping

knocking over

pouring

spilling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

Would you mind

 

 

 

me a cup of

 

 

 

tea, please?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

She can carry a glass of water on her head

 

 

 

without

a drop.

 

 

 

 

c

That young waiter is so clumsy - he's always

 

 

 

 

vases of flowers.

 

 

 

d

The tap's still

 

 

- go and turn it

 

 

 

off properly.

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

flavour

scent

smell

stink

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

I think the

 

 

of roses is sweeter

 

 

than that

of

all other flowers.

 

b

I can't bear the

 

of old Fish.

 

c

There's always a

 

of roasting

 

 

coffee

in

this

street.

 

 

 

d

I don't like the taste of goat's cheese - I Find the

 

 

 

 

 

too

strong.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

dried

hot

powdered

spicy

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

Careful! That chilli sauce is really

 

 

. !

 

 

 

 

 

bShe only eats plain food: dishes upset her stomach.

cCurrants, raisins and sultanas are all kinds of

grape.

 

d I always keep some

milk in

the cupboard, in case I run out of

fresh milk.

L E S S O N

3

F o o d

f o r

t h o u g h t

21

U N I T T H R E E

People

Judging by appearances

 

A

question

of honour

 

 

Read

this

article quickly

to find the answers to

-

Where does the man in the photo come from?

these

questions:

 

- Why does he wear a turban?

 

 

 

 

-

Do the young men still wear one today?

22

U N I T 3

P e o p I e

Read the article again carefully. For questions 1-5, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you

think fits best according to the article.

If you come across a word you don't understand,

decide if you really need to know what it means. If you decide you do, use the technique suggested on page 19 of the Coursebook before looking the word up in your dictionary.

1 According to legend, why did Touareg men first put on the veil?

A to deceive their enemies

Bto look like their wives

Cto follow religious tradition

Dto protect their faces

2 A Touareg man can remove his turban when he is A with other men.

Bin the desert.

Cin a friend's house.

Dat home, in private.

3 What does the article say about young men and the turban?

A They prefer it to Arab and Western clothes.

BThey wear it to go out in public.

CThey wear it for important events.

DThey use it to hide trendy haircuts.

4 What does 'them' (paragraph 11) refer to?

Athe Touareg

Bmost Berber desert tribesmen

Cthe mouth and nose

Dclouds of choking sand

5 According to the article, the Touareg turban is a symbol of

A the art of living in the desert.

B Touareg resistance to foreign rule.

Chow the Touareg control their feelings.

Dwhat it means to be a male Touareg.

Find the word in the article which means:

1 held tightly on (paragraph 2):

2 food for domestic animals (e.g. camels, goats)

(paragraph 3):

3 place in the desert where there is water and plants

(paragraph 3):

4 people who live by travelling from place to place,

rather than staying in one place (paragraph 5):

5 dropped (paragraph 7):

6 broadcast (paragraph 7):

7 makes damp (paragraph 11):

8 pointed, double-edged knife (paragraph 14):

Conditional sentences

Match each half sentence (1-10) with an appropriate second half (a-j). Put the verbs in brackets in their correct form.

ashe (have) nothing to wear to her interview.

bif I (go) to Switzerland?

cunless you (mend) the iron.

dhe (be) very disappointed.

eif I (feel) depressed.

fit (suit) me?

g(use) Sttirkiss shampoo.

hif you (not be) invited.

iunless you (like) looking scruffy.

jI (buy) you a pair.

L E S S O N

1

J u d g i n g b y

a p p e a r a n c e s

23

Emphasising

words

You will hear six statements on the recording, each of which is a response to a question. In

each response a word is emphasised. Listen and choose the correct question, A or B, for each response.

E X A M P L E :

AIs the wedding next week?

BWas the wedding last Saturday?

You hear 'It's next Saturday.' So the correct question is A.

1 A Where's the service?

B Is the service at St Michael's church?

2A Where's the party afterwards?

B What's happening at Sophie's house?

3 A Where have you been?

15 When are you going to the dressmaker's?

4A Has Rachel bought a hat for the wedding?

B Has Rachel borrowed a suit for the wedding?

5A Does the bridegroom have brown eyes? 15 Does the bridegroom have black hair?

Here are three different questions which each have the same response. But note how you need

to emphasise different words in the response, depending on the question.

E X A M P L E :

AWhen's the fashion show? It's on June 2nd.

BIs the fashion show on July 2nd? It's on June 2nd.

CIs the fashion show on June 3rd? It's on June 2nd.

Now practise emphasising different words in the same response, depending on the prompt. (The prompt may be either a question or a statement.) Then listen to the recording to check.

1 A Julia looks happy. She's got a new coat.

BI think Julia needs a new coat. She's got a new coat.

CIs Julia going to wear that awful old coat?

She's got a new coat.

2 A Don't forget to take them something. I've got a bottle of champagne.

BWe must buy them a bottle of champagne. I've got a bottle of champagne.

CHave we got a bottle we can take them? I've got a bottle of champagne.

3 A Where does he work now? He works in Argentina.

BDoes he work in Brazil? He works in Argentina.

CIs he on holiday in Argentina? He works in Argentina.

24

Phrasal verbs

Match each verb with an appropriate object.

E X A M P L E : I'd You can find out the time of a train.

You can ...

1

find

out

2

pull

out

3

send

out

4

carry out

5

leave out

6

put

out

7

make out

8

think out

9knock out

10clear out

aan untidy cupboard.

ban exercise in the book.

ca plan before you act.

dthe time of a train.

eparty invitations.

fyour opponent in a boxing match,

ga tooth.

han instruction from your teacher.

ia car number plate the other side of the road,

ja fire.

Find the

most appropriate ending (a-h) for each

of these sentences (1-8). What do you think

'them' refers to

in each sentence?

abut they were too short for me.

bso I'll wear that as well.

cbecause I didn't need them in the shade.

dbecause they're being cleaned.

ebecause her hands were cold.

fmy mother in character and my father in appearance,

gbefore they go on stage,

hbut he won't buy a new pair.

U N I T 3

P e o p l e

Quite a character

 

Relative

clauses

 

What are your likes and dislikes? Complete

 

these sentences.

 

1

I like people who .make

me laugh

2

I dislike people who

 

3 I like wearing clothes which

4

I hate shoes which

 

5 I like shops where

 

6

I keep away from places where

7

I like weekends when

 

8

I don't like days when

 

9

1 love friends whose

 

10 I hate neighbours whose

Complete the definitions for the words in the crossword, using a relative clause for each one.

DOWN

ACROSS

1

clothes which .women wear on their legs

3

a place where

2 a time when

7

 

3

children whose hair

8

 

4

 

9

some people who

5

 

 

 

6

something that

 

 

7

 

 

 

L E S S O N 1

J u d g i n g

b y

a p p e a r a n c e s

Vocabulary Character

questionnaire

Complete the questionnaire by using one word from the box for each question.

aggressive cautious cheerful conceited confident imaginative insincere mean moody patient practical shy tactless talkative

v unselfish

Which of these questions would you answer 'yes' to! Which two words in the box best describe your character?

26

U N I T 3

P e o p l e

Punctuation practice

Rewrite the following text putting in all the correct punctuation.

the man that lives next door to me is an actor, last august he finally got his first leading role he was asked to play the heros part in a film called the blue skinned banana in one scene my neighbour who had just learnt to swim had to jump off a high diving board into a swimming pool he climbed to the top of the board looked down and immediately climbed down again whats the matter asked the director i cant jump from that board said my neighbour do you know theres only half a metre of water in that pool yes said the director you dont want to drown do you

Personal description

Imagine that International Student Friend Line is a phone line that exists in your area to put young people in touch with each other.

Listen to the two messages on the phone line. Would you like to meet either of these two

students? Why (not)?

Prepare to leave your own message. It can either be a reply to one of the messages you

heard, or a new one of your own. Remember to include:

-a short introduction (your name, age, and any other important information about yourself)

-something about your interests

-something about your character

-who you would like to meet and why

Record your message on a blank cassette. Listen to it and think how you could improve what

you say. Then record your message again.

Heroes and heroines

Tile London Dungeon

What kind of people do you expect to see commemorated in a museum: heroes or

villains?

Listen to a woman being interviewed on the radio about the London Dungeon, a rather

special museum. Then answer this question.

What is she doing?

A introducing the museum to listeners

Bexplaining why listeners should visit the museum

Ccriticising the exhibits in the museum

L E S S O N 2

Q u i t e a c h a r a c t e r

27

Listen to the interview again and fill in the gaps in this summary of what is said.

5Tom Cruise is going to the premiere of his new film at that cinema tonight. Look at all the fans waif outside! They

6This old suit of armour is quite small. Its owner

7Who won the race? That runner looks very disappointed. He

8Ivan has been bad-tempered ever since he opened that letter. He

9The wildlife photographer was very close to the lion, but it went on washing itself calmly. It

10Jenny says the President has invited her to the White House, but I don't believe her. She

Making deductions

Use 'must', 'must have', 'can't' or 'can't have' to complete the following sentences in an appropriate way.

1

That actor has so many words to say in the play.

 

How can she remember them all? She ..must..have...

 

a

good memory.

2

Luisa has won a scholarship to the United States.

 

Her

parents

3Alec is scared of heights, but his brother, Tony, climbs mountains every weekend. Tony

4When explorers first sailed to the Americas they didn't know what they would find there. They

Vocabulary The right word

1

 

casual plain

striking trendy

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

You can't miss him! He's very

 

 

 

- very tall with bright red

 

 

hair.

 

 

 

b

She follows fashion keenly and always wears

 

 

 

clothes.

c

She's a rather

 

little girl to

 

 

look at, but she has a sweet nature.

d

Please don't dress up for my party: just wear

 

 

something

 

 

28

U N I T 3 P e o p l e

2

dressing

holding putting on

wearing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

In this photo the actress is

 

 

a

 

 

pair of gloves in her hand.

 

 

 

 

b

He must be crazy - it's snowing and he's only

 

 

 

 

 

 

a T-shirt and shorts.

 

c

After washing and

 

 

 

 

 

she came

 

 

down to breakfast.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d

The old man is

 

 

 

 

 

his glasses so

 

 

he can read the newspaper.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

carried

lifted

took

used

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

She

 

 

 

a belt to prevent her old

 

 

suitcase from falling open.

 

 

 

 

b

He

 

 

 

the baby carefully out of

 

 

the pram.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

She

 

 

 

her dirty suits to the

 

 

dry-cleaner's before going to work.

 

d

The porter

 

 

 

 

 

my case from the

 

 

train to the taxi on his shoulder.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

agree

fit

match

suit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

They're a strange couple: they don't

 

 

 

 

 

 

on anything.

 

b

You look very good in those clothes: they really

 

 

 

 

 

 

you.

 

 

 

 

c

Do you think the colours of this blouse

 

 

 

 

 

 

this skirt?

 

 

 

 

d My feet are sore - my shoes don't really

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

clean

neat

smart

tidy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

She makes sure the children have

 

 

 

 

 

 

underwear every day.

 

b

I've never known a doctor who has

 

 

 

 

 

 

handwriting.

 

c

His bathroom may not be very

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

but at least it's not dirty.

 

d She thought her son looked very

 

 

 

 

 

 

in his new naval uniform.

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

undo

undress

unfasten untie

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

aThe nurse helped the patient and get into bed.

b Don't

your seat belt until

that light goes off.

 

7

8

9

10

c

I can never

 

 

 

the knots in

 

 

string - 1 always use scissors.

 

d

She helped the child to

 

the

 

buttons on his

shirt.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

broad

large

tall

wide

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

She's got very

 

 

 

shoulders

-

 

she must be a good swimmer.

 

b

He's very good-looking, with

 

 

 

 

black eyes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

Because she was so

 

 

 

she

was

 

able to watch the race over the heads of the

 

crowd.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d

The director leaned forward,

with his fists placed

 

 

 

 

apart on

the table.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

general

medium

middle

usual

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

aGrandma was sitting in her chair, beside the fire.

bThe murder suspect is of height and slim build.

c

'Clothes' is a subject of

.

 

interest: most students are happy to talk about

 

it.

 

 

 

d

She's the

child in a family of

 

five.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

average ordinary plain typical

 

 

 

 

 

a

In the street she stopped to stroke a cat, which

 

was quite

of her.

b

people will consider political

 

ideas like those extreme.

c

The

15-year-old pupil could

 

easily solve that mathematical problem.

d

However hard you try to hide your mistake, the

 

facts are

enough.

 

 

 

 

 

alike equal identical

similar

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

Those twins are

 

: it's almost

 

impossible to tell them apart.

b

Despite recent improvements, women still do not

 

have

opportunities at work.

c

We get on well because we have such

 

tastes.

dThat couple are surprisingly in appearance.

L E S S O N

5 H e r o e s a n d

h e r o i n e s

29

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