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3 accompany bring fetch lead

aJohn's not here. He's gone to

a friend of his from the airport.

bThe rider got off her horse to the animal across the busy road.

cIn the nineteenth century a young woman did not normally go out alone: an older woman

 

 

would usually

 

her.

 

d

Whenever he goes abroad on business, he always

 

 

remembers to

 

back something

 

 

for his children.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

expedition tour

trip voyage

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

The university biology department is organising a

 

 

big

to the Amazon jungle.

bWhen I retire I'm going on a world

,visiting every continent.

 

c

In the old days the sea

 

from

 

 

London to India took months.

 

d

When they got back from their

 

 

to Florida they both had a

 

 

wonderful suntan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

drive excursion travel

ride

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

A popular activity for tourists at the Pyramids is

 

 

to go for a

on a camel.

bMy grandmother is recovering from her illness: yesterday I took her for a short

 

 

in the country.

 

c

The hotel organises a special

 

 

round the island for its guests.

 

d

In these days of air

 

it is

 

 

unusual to go round the world by boat.

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

arrived entered got

reached

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

When they

at the hotel, they

 

 

immediately went to bed.

 

b

Turn left after you've

 

to the

 

 

church.

 

 

 

c

They

the bus shelter just as it

 

 

started to pour with rain.

 

d

When he

the pub, the

 

 

customers fell silent and turned to look at him.

What's in the news?

From our own correspondent

The past

Answer the following

questions using

as many

of the

words and phrases in the box as you can.

 

 

 

 

 

for the last

few days

last night

lately

on Friday

recently

several days ago

since

the weekend

so far

this week

yesterday

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1What news events have taken place in your country recently?

2What has happened around the world?

3What personal news have you got to report?

EXAMPLE:

We had an election here several days ago.

There has been a hurricane over Florida for the last few days.

On Friday I went to the dentist.

Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense: past simple or present perfect. Make any other

necessary changes.

(6)

(become) obsessed with the

capitalist idea of attracting as many viewers as

possible. Beijing TV, for example, last week

(7)

(have) an audience of over 7

million when Xu Tao, their 26-year-old crime reporter,

(8) (manage) to interview a

notorious rapist. Xu Tao's ability to get exciting news

stories always (9)

(impress) her

station manager. 'Last year she (10)

 

(win) the title of News Reporter of the Year,' he says proudly. But the work can be dangerous. Last month

Xu (11)

(make) public the actions

of a group of unqualified 'doctors'. She

(12)

(go) to their 'clinic' as a

patient, using a mini-camera to photograph what

(13)

(happen) there. Since then she

(14)

(receive) a number of death

threats. T (15)

(threaten) many

times,' she says fearlessly, 'but bad must not be allowed to overcome good.'

A Chinese

revolution

 

 

 

 

One of the many changes which (1) has taken

(take)

 

place in China over the last few years is a change in

 

television news programmes. Since the Communist

 

party (2)

(come) to power in 1949,

 

all newspapers, television and radio programmes

 

 

(3)

(exist) to promote the party's

 

point of view. Until a few years ago, reporters

 

 

(4)

(not allow) to publish stories

 

about social injustice or the mistakes of officials. But

 

now this (5)

 

(change). Today China

 

has 78 0 regional TV stations, all of which

 

 

 

L E S S O N 1 F r o m

o u r

o w n

c o r r e s p o n d e n t

61

 

 

Phrasal verbs

We

often agree with people by saying the same thing

in

different words. Match the statements (1-10) with

the

appropriate

sentences of agreement (a-j), which

all

use phrasal

verbs.

a 'Yes, it hasn't cleared up yet.'

b'No, they won't get away with it.'

c'No. it didn't turn out well.'

d

"Yes, they are standing up for helpless creatures.

e

'No, they can't carry out their normal duties.'

f

'Yes, it was brought

about by bad weather.'

g

'No, they won't give

in.'

h

'Yes, they'll set off a lot of rockets.'

i'Yes, it could wipe out the whole population.'

j'Yes, they haven't done away with them yet.'

Weak forms

Look at this extract from a conversation between Dilys and Tom. Which of the ringed

words do you think are likely to be pronounced in the weak form, as a I Til sound?

Listen to the conversation and check your ideas. (You will need to use the pause button to do

this.)

 

 

 

 

Practise the conversation by yourself.

Take

 

Tom's

part first. Pause the recording

each

time

Dilys finishes and read Tom's reply.

Then

listen

to

Tom's reply as a check.

 

 

 

Either

repeat the conversation

taking Dilys's

part,

or find a classmate to practise

the whole

conversation

with.

 

 

 

Reporter for a day

Imagine you could be a reporter for your local newspaper for a day. Look at questions 1-3 and

prepare your answers.

1 What story would you most want to write about?

2How would you go about writing your story?

3Is there anything you would refuse to investigate or write about?

Listen to the recording to see how Martin replies to the three questions. Do you think his

answers are interesting?

62

U N i

T 8 W h a t ' s

i n t h e n e w s ?

News into history

History in the making

Conditional

sentences

definitely not do? Why do you think this?

study hard

make lots of friends

help run the university

Tight in wars

get involved in politics

have a holiday job

get married

try to change society

1She was at university during a significant historical period.

2People from the armed forces tried to persuade students to light in the war.

3 Most students were keen to light.

4Anti-war students were allowed to set up tables on campus.

5The police arrested one student for protesting against the war.

6Other students tried to prevent the police from taking the student away.

7After this event, the student became very well known.

8Most people were interested to know why he had broken the university rule.

9From that time, the government stopped listening to student opinion.

10The speaker is unsure if students today appreciate what their parents achieved at university.

L E S S O N

2

N e w s

i n t o

h i s t o r y

1

If Marie Antoinette ..hadn't.married

(not

marry)

 

Louis XVI, she

wouldn't have, lost, (not

lose)

her

 

head.

 

 

 

2

Shakespeare

(not write) plays if

 

he

(not be) an actor.

 

 

3

If Pierre and Marie Curie

 

(not

 

do) research into radioactivity, they

 

 

 

(not win) the Nobel prize in 1903 .

 

 

4If sixteenth century explorers

(not bring) tobacco from the Americas to Europe,

fewer people

(smoke) today.

5 Russia

(never become) an

important European power, if Peter the Great

 

(not modernise) the country at

the beginning of the eighteenth century.

6 People

(know) less about our modern

world if television

(not invent).

1 Hannibal defeated the

Romans because he managed

to cross the Alps with

a huge army.

 

If

Hannibal

hsidnWaHa0ed to

cross the

Alps with

a

huge army,

he wouldn't, have

defeated,

the Romans.

2India was colonised by the British, so they speak English there.

If India

3 Ordinary people find it difficult to trust politicians because they often tell lies.

If politicians

4Fewer women than men enter politics so not many countries have a female head of state.

If equal numbers of men and women

5Many lives have been saved thanks to the discovery of antibiotics.

If antibiotics

6Simon Bolivar was a statesman as well as a soldier - that's why he was successful.

If Simon Bolivar

63

I was there

Which event in the history of your country, or of the world, would you most like to have witnessed? Imagine you were there. Write a newspaper report describing what happened. You can write about any event you like: these 'headlines' may give you some ideas.

1Make a plan for a newspaper report of four paragraphs:

1 Briefly summarise the day's events.

2-3 Give details of what happened, with comments from eye-witnesses. (You will need to use your imagination.)

4 Say briefly why you think the event is important.

2 Write your report in 120 - 18 0 words.

3 Give your report an eye-catching headline.

How could it happen here?

Haunted waters

Read this extract from a book once to get the

general idea. What type of disaster is described here?

A a flood

C

a shipwreck

B an earthquake

D

a volcanic eruption

64

U N I T 8

W h a t ' s i n t h e n e w s ?

'

1

mile =

1.6 kilometres

2

5

feet = approximately 1 metre

!

very light

grey stone from within a volcano

4at the time, these islands were part of the Dutch East Indies, a Dutch colony

Read the extract again and find the word which means:

Choose the best answer (A, B, C or D) for questions 1-6.

1 What do we learn about the eruption of Krakatoa?

AIt was seven times stronger than any previous eruption.

BThe sound was heard as far away as England.

CIt was impossible to grow crops in Java for years afterwards.

DMost of the island where the volcano had been disappeared.

2Why did the visitors approach Anak Krakatau by night?

A They were not supposed to be there.

B They had been delayed by the fishermen. C It was less hot at that time.

D The volcano was more impressive then.

3When the visitors reached the summit, they

A discovered how much of the original volcano had disappeared.

B thought how beautiful the view was.

C drew a map of the coastline of Java and Sumatra. D thought about what had happened in the 188 3

eruption.

4Which of these phrases is understood between 'but' and 'discovered' (last sentence, paragraph 4)

A it was

B what he then

C had found himself D where he

5What impression of the sea do we get from the extract?

A It's only safe for small boats. B The waves are very rough. C It's better not to sail on it.

D You can't believe what once happened here.

6The writer calls the waters 'haunted' because A very few people go there.

B many people died there.

C the seabed is always changing. D the volcano is still alive.

L E S S O N

3

H o w

c o u l d

i t

h a p p e n

h e r e ?

6 5

Time relationships

Complete these sentences using 'at', 'in' or 'on', or nothing at all '-'.

1

The volcano Vesuvius erupted

...-

one day

 

..in.

79 AD, burying the town of Pompeii.

2

Many fires happen

night when people are

 

asleep

166 6 the Great Fire of London

 

began in a baker's shop

 

2 September, early

 

 

the morning.

 

 

 

3

 

every winter

 

the 1980s careless

 

skiers caused avalanches in the Alps.

 

4

We will review emergency procedures

our

 

annual meeting

the

autumn

 

 

this year the meeting will be

October,

 

 

the first or second Tuesday of the month,

 

 

10 o'clock.

 

 

 

5

There were heavy storms

the weekend.

 

 

lunchtime

 

Saturday a tree in

 

my garden was blown down. Then

last

 

night my roof started leaking!

 

 

6

 

wartime, there is often a truce

 

 

Christmas and

other religious holidays.

7

Ambulance drivers should get a pay rise

 

 

the beginning of May

 

next year.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the

word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

1The firefighters checked there was nobody left in the burning house and then turned on their hoses, after

The firefighters turned on their hoses . .after..they

.had checked there was nobody left in the burning house.

2The plane made a strange noise when taking off. as

The plane made a strange noise

off

3 The villagers weren't awake to hear the avalanche come.

sleeping

The villagers

the

avalanche came.

66

4On hearing the hurricane warning, we closed all the windows and shutters.

soon

We closed all the windows and shutters

the hurricane warning.

5Trapped earthquake victims waited patiently during the rescue work.

rescue

Trapped earthquake victims waited patiently

taking place.

6The ship's captain never went to his cabin without first looking for icebergs on the horizon.

before

The ship's captain always looked for icebergs on the

horizon to his cabin.

7The flood waters went down considerably during the night.

gone

The flood waters sunrise.

8When the hunter's horse came home without him, people realised he was in danger.

horse

Nobody realised the hunter was in danger

home without him.

Prepositional phrases

E X P R E S S I O N S W I T H ' T I M E '

Use each phrase to complete the dialogue.

at a time at the same time

ANNE: You like to read two daily newspapers, don't

you?

ALISON: Yes, when I have the time.

ANNE: And do you read them one (1)

or both of them together?

 

ALISON: Both (2)

1 like to compare

how they report the same news stories.

at times in time on time

Which phrase means

aprecisely at an agreed time?

bat some time which is not too late?

csometimes?

U N I T 8 W h a t ' s i n t h e n e w s ?

Put the correct phrase in each gap.

1 The plane left

as usual. But

when it was late arriving, people started to get

worried.

 

2

the weather in the mountains is

very had.

 

3 The emergency services arrived

to get the surviving passengers safely to hospital.

O T H E R E X P R E S S I O N S O F T I M E

at

first at last at the moment at once

at

present in the end in a moment

 

 

Which phrase means

aafter a long time? (2 phrases)

bimmediately?

cin the beginning?

dnow? (2 phrases)

esoon?

Put a correct time phrase in each gap.

1 When the fire officer heard about the crash, she sent out all the engines

2

they could not find the place

 

where the plane had crashed.

3

they located the crash at the foot

 

of the volcano.

4

several of the survivors are in

 

hospital in a critical condition.

5

one of the hospital staff will give

 

more details to the press.

The right word

Fill the gaps in a-d by using each word in the box once only.

1

 

information news propaganda

publicity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

Have you heard the

? There's

 

 

been an earthquake in the east of the country.

bThe student went to the library for about the number of recent shipwrecks.

cSome rock bands will do anything to get

for themselves.

 

d Some governments use

to

influence the way the people think.

 

2

 

last late

lately latest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

Have you heard the

 

 

news?

 

 

There's been an avalanche in the ski resort.

 

b

The

 

two years of drought

 

 

have had a severe effect on agricultural

 

 

production.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

In the

 

 

1980s the country's

 

 

economy went through a boom.

 

 

 

 

d

Has the volcano shown any signs of activity

 

 

 

.......?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

encouraged

persuaded

recommended

 

 

 

 

suggested

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

The General

 

the troops to do

 

 

everything they could to take the city.

 

b

The refugees were

 

 

to return

 

 

home by promises of shelter and food.

 

c

The government

 

 

everyone to

 

 

stay indoors until the hurricane had passed.

 

d

The official

 

that

the sailors

 

 

checked the weather forecast before they set out.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

convinced

influenced

threatened

warned

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

aThese days people are regularly about the dangers of smoking.

b

The officer

to shoot any

 

soldier caught

stealing.

c

The suspect

the police he

 

hadn't been near the bank on the day of the

 

robbery.

 

dPolitics in this country are often by what happens in the USA.

5

 

broke

crashed ruined

smashed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

When the robbers

 

the stolen

 

 

van, they ran away on foot.

 

b

He was so heavy he

 

the legs

 

 

of the antique chair when he sat on it.

 

c

The civil war

the country's

 

 

tourist

industry.

 

 

dThe rock star went wild and

the hotel television set with his guitar.

L E S S O N

3 H o w

c o u l d

i t

h a p p e n

h e r e ?

67

advertise announce broadcast publish

Which would you do to a new

1product?

2radio programme?

3book?

4policy?

Fill each gap in the text below with a suitable word from the box. You will not need to use all

the words.

banners

celebration

council

 

demonstration

government

march

 

ministers

opposition to

placards

 

protesters

riot

support of

 

 

 

 

 

The (1) ..protesters

went on

a (2)

to show their (3)

 

the

(4)

's environmental policies. They

carried (5)

to put across their point

of view. There were large numbers of police present to prevent a possible (6)

 

Which

of

the

instruments in the first

box can

 

be used to

perform

the

actions in the

second

box?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fist

foot

gun

knife

stick

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

beat

kick

punch

shoot

stab

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Make five pairs of words with opposite meanings to each other.

advance attack (v.) capture defeat (n.) defend release resist retreat surrender (v.) victory

In what order do these steps in an election take place?

aThe successful candidate goes to parliament.

bPeople vote for who they want to represent them.

cAll the candidates campaign.

dThe candidate with the majority is elected.

68

Making your way

Right foot forward

Reported questions

Report some questions that you have been asked recently, for example by your teacher,

parents, boss or friends.

E X A M P L E:

This morning the teacher asked me why I hadn't done my homework.

Yesterday my boss asked me if I'd like to have a company car.

This is a report of a conversation with a

2 woman

who

trains

animals to appear in films

and on television.

What

did the interviewer and the

animal-trainer

actually

say?

'When did you start doing this work?' the interviewer asked.

'Many years ago. I trained our family dog to appear in the film "Oliver!",' the animal trainer replied.

L E S S O N

1

R i g h t f o o t f o r w a r d

69

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