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The job interview

Write a story called 'The job interview' which begins with this sentence:

Soon after I entered the interview room, I guessed something strange was going to happen.

1Before you write, ask yourself these questions:

-What was strange?

the room?

the interviewer's appearance?

the interviewer's questions?

-What was the job?

-Did you want it?

-Were you qualified for it?

-Were you offered it?

-Did you accept it?

-Was there anything strange about this?

-How did you feel?

2Make a paragraph plan (three, four or five paragraphs). Remember to set the scene in the first paragraph, and to bring the story to an end in the last paragraph.

3Write 120 - 18 0 words. Try to include some direct and some reported speech.

4Check what you have written. Are your paragraphs linked together?

5If possible, exchange stories with some other students. Were their interviews strange in a different way from yours?

 

 

Practice

exercise

The word in capitals at the end of each of the

 

following sentences can

be used to form a

word

that

fits suitably in the blank space. Fill each

 

blank

in

this

way.

 

 

 

 

1

All .visitors

should report

 

 

 

 

to the reception desk.

 

 

VISIT

2

It's too cold to wear a

 

 

 

 

dress.

 

 

 

SLEEVE

3

Because of the manager's

 

 

 

 

the workers always arrived late.

 

 

WEAK

4

On her wedding day she was too

 

 

 

 

 

to eat.

 

 

EXCITE

5

What is the

of your

 

 

 

television screen?

 

 

 

WIDE

6 He ran up six floors and

 

 

 

 

gave me the news.

 

 

BREATH

7

Don't let the children play with those

 

 

 

 

 

ornaments.

 

 

BREAK

70

 

 

 

 

 

8

will be served at

 

 

the end of the meeting.

REFRESH

9

The waitress smiled

 

 

as she wiped the table.

APOLOGY

10There is a great

that the union members will vote for

a strike.

PROBABLE

Asking politely

How would you ask someone:

1 his or her name?

2 the meaning of something you can't understand?

And how would you ask someone to help you:

3 do something you can't do by yourself?

4 look for a ring you've just dropped?

Write down an example for each question here:

If you wanted to ask the same question to a different person (e.g. a good friend I a stranger I someone you wanted to impress, like your teacher or a new boss), how would your question change? Think about both the language you would use and the pitch of your voice. Write down some more possibilities here:

U N I T 9 M a k i n g y o u r w a y

Practise asking:

aa good friend questions 2-4.

ba stranger questions 1-4.

csomeone you want to impress questions 1-4.

Listen to the example questions on the recording. Which of the examples would it be

useful for you to remember? Try to use them some time soon.

The pound in your pocket

Shopping

Look back at the recommendations on page 39 about

 

how to do well in this part of the exam. Then listen to

Here is another typical exam task for Part 2 of

the example on the recording, which starts but does

Paper 5;

not finish the task.

Compare and contrast the two photos, saying what you would enjoy or not enjoy about shopping in each situation.

Now record your own ideas on a blank cassette. Remember, try to keep speaking for one minute. Listen to your ideas and think how you could improve what you say. Then record everything again.

 

How do you like to shop for the following?

clothes

food

cassettes and CDs

books

presents for your family

In each case, explain your preferences, giving reasons. Record your ideas on a blank cassette, listen to them and record again.

If possible, find a classmate to compare your ideas with. Who has more fun shopping?

L E S S O N 1 R i g h t

f o o t

f o r w a r d

71

Phrasal verbs

Complete each sentence (1-12) with an appropriate ending (a-l).

a

your debts promptly.

b

this misunderstanding for us?

c

my work if you talk to me.

d

some money for my holiday.

e

this discussion?

f the offer of such a good job.

g

some money from my bank account?

h

your house when you were out?

i their jobs during a recession.

j

information which could help the police?

k

the price of petrol again?

1

the police after a robbery.

Getting people to do things

Look carefully at these sentences. You use structures like these when you want someone to do something. Some of the sentences are correct, but some of them have a mistake in them. Correct the mistakes.

2I had rather you didn't smoke in here.

3We should have the office windows cleaned.

4Would you mind pass me that file over there? 5 It's time for us we had a coffee break.

6Why don't you get the figures check by an accountant?

7 Do you mind if I can make a telephone call?

8I wonder if could you type this letter by 4 o'clock?

9I'd rather you paid back the money this month.

10 Could you let me to leave work early this evening?

72

Prepositional phrases

Use the fourteen phrases in the box to make:

aone pair with the same meaning.

bsix pairs with the opposite meaning.

at a loss

at a profit at least

at most

at work

in debt

in half in

stock in two

off duty

off work

on duty

out of debt

out of stock

Now fill each gap with a suitable phrase from the box.

1When he was a student, he was heavily

;but once he started working he

 

was able to pay back all the money he owed.

2

On pay day she divides her earnings

 

 

she gives 50% to her mother and keeps the rest.

3 At the end of an unsuccessful season,

the fashion

 

shop had to sell many expensive clothes

4

Security guards are

in the

 

department store from 9am till 6pm.

 

5I wasn't able to buy the new CD because my local shop didn't have it

6

I'm afraid the manager's

with a

 

bad cold - can she phone you tomorrow?

7

Write a letter of complaint to the company - or

 

telephone

them.

U N I T 9

M a k i n g y o u r w a y

2 Read this extract from a conversation between the Personnel Manager (PM) and the Managing

Director (MD) of a company. Then fill each gap with the correct phrase from the box.

at all at all costs by half in all on the whole

P M : The new sales figures are very worrying. We must

save the business (1)

: it's the

major employer in the town.

 

MD: The only way we can do that is to reduce the workforce (2)

PM : A 50% cut in jobs! That's not possible

(3)

! Many people have been with

us all their working lives.

MD: I'm sorry, but according to my calculations, five

hundred jobs (4) will have to go.

PM: It's impossible! I can't agree to that!

MD: Be careful, Jane. I'm quite satisfied with your work

(5) but if you cause me problems

I may be forced to do something unpleasant.

3

in or on?

 

Put the correct preposition in each

gap.

1

The new model of car is expected to be

 

 

sale in the autumn.

 

2

She first wrote her letter of application

 

 

pencil and then copied it neatly

ink.

3The actress was dissatisfied with the service on the plane and demanded to speak to the person

charge.

4

When the bank clerk had finished looking through

 

the letters, she put them back

order in the

 

file.

 

 

 

5

The hotel staff went

 

strike to protest about

 

pay cuts.

 

 

 

6

She's

prison for shoplifting and her

 

husband is looking after the children.

7

The factory is

fire!

Everybody leave at once

 

- and remember the fire drill!

 

8

The old lady was horrified to discover her priceless

 

vase lying

pieces on the floor.

Wrong foot forward

Down and out in Harlem

Why do you think this man is living on the streets? What sort of person might he be?

Listen to these sections from Sue's interview with the man, Clarence. What answers can you find to the questions above?

2 Listen again. For questions 1-8, decide which opinions Clarence expresses and which he does

not. In the boxes write YES next to the opinions he expresses, and NO next to the opinions he does not express.

1 He thought Sue might give him some money.

2 He wanted to tell Sue he was hungry.

3He respects the church people who work with the homeless.

4He thinks the reason he is homeless is because he was in prison.

5He is angry with himself for not having a real gun when he committed robbery.

6He was happy when he was married.

7He didn't mind when his mother refused to see him.

8He is sure his life is going to get better.

L E S S O N 2

T h e

p o u n d

i n

y o u r

p o c k e t

73

A hopeless case?

Read these comments about the behaviour of a 17-year-old young man:

'He used to fight with his teachers at school.' 'He smashes furniture at home.'

'He's been thrown out of the army for fighting.' 'He even threatens his parents with violence.'

'His appearance is terrible - he's dirty and he wears untidy old clothes.'

What do you think should be done with him? Should he be punished? Should he be helped? Or is he a hopeless case who should be rejected by society?

Read the newspaper article and find out what actually happened to him.

 

Find the word or phrase in the article which

4

not well enough to leave the house (paragraph 5):

 

means:

 

 

1

sent home (paragraph 2):

5

on their way to (paragraph 6):

2

ranges of possibilities (paragraph 3):

6

completely (paragraph 8):

 

 

7

jobs done while being trained (paragraph 8):

3

crashed and ruined (paragraph 4):

 

 

74

U N I T 9

M a k i n g y o u r w a

Choose the best answer (A, B, C or D) for questions 1-4.

1Why did Richard Cillard leave home at 17? A He was drunk.

B His parents wanted him to leave. C He wanted to join the army.

D He wanted to go to Wales.

2He lived in a car until he A met a criminal.

B left Wales.

C crashed the car.

D found a job.

3What is the aim of the Prince of Wales Community Venture?

A to help young people feel part of society B to help young people find good careers C to provide a variety of leisure activities

D to take care of mentally handicapped people

4At the day centre Gillard learnt how to A look after old people.

B look after children. C solve problems.

D appreciate his advantages.

Reason, result and

purpose

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

1The traffic police use radar so that they can catch speeding motorists.

to

 

The traffic police use radar ..to catch

speeding

motorists.

 

2Sam was arrested when his neighbour described what she had seen.

because

Sam was arrested neighbour's evidence.

3There are so many pickpockets that the police cannot catch them all.

for

There are too many pickpockets catch.

4Being a police officer today is so difficult that people think twice before joining the force. job

Being a police officer today is

that people think twice before joining the force.

5A police officer always carries handcuffs because he may have to make an arrest.

case

A police officer always carries handcuffs

make an arrest.

6Joe phoned the police to report the break-in. tell

Joe phoned the police so that

the break-in.

7I'll take my cheque book in case the magistrate gives me a fine.

as

I'll take my cheque book me a fine.

8The police couldn't arrest the kidnapper because of lack of proof.

have

The police couldn't arrest the kidnapper since

any proof.

9The thief told such obvious lies that he didn't deceive the judge.

obviously

 

The thief

that he

didn't deceive the judge.

 

10The witness spoke so softly that the jury couldn't hear her.

loudly

The witness didn't the jury to hear.

The right word

Fill the gaps in a-d by using each word or phrase in the box once only.

1 laid off left retired sacked

aI hated the job so much that I

one day and never went back again.

b

The manager

the clerk for

 

stealing money from the safe.

 

c

Because there were no more orders, the factory

 

a third of the work force.

d

When my grandfather

lie was

given a large clock by his company.

L E S S O N 3

W r o n g f o o t f o r w a r d

75

2

 

charge

fare

fee fine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

The motorist had to pay a

for

 

 

parking her car on a double yellow line.

 

b

There is no

 

 

for repairs on this

 

 

washing machine during the first year of use.

 

c I haven't joined that sports club because the

 

 

entrance

 

 

 

is so high.

 

d

At Christmas the air

from

 

 

here to New York is raised by about 15%.

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

contract

debt

loan loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

They arranged a

with the

 

 

bank to help them start a new business.

 

b

Before you sign the

get it

 

 

checked by a lawyer.

 

cThe gambler promised that when he won, he would repay his

dWhen the businessman found his wallet was gone, he immediately reported the

 

 

 

to the police.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

afford bet

insure spare

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

I'm not going on holiday this year: I can't

 

 

 

it.

 

 

b

The film star decided to

her

 

 

jewellery for

$ 1 0 0 , 0 0 0 .

 

 

c

The manager can't

the time

 

 

to see you: she's very busy,

 

dWhen I go to the races, I only

a small amount of money on the horses.

5 crime fault mistake offence

aMurder is generally considered the most serious

bThe foreign resident committed the

of not reporting to the immigration police.

c It was his own

that his

company went

bankrupt.

 

d

We made the

of leaving the

 

 

kitchen window open when we went out.

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

cheated deceived lied

tricked

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

I don't want to play cards with you again - you

 

 

last

time.

 

b

That actress has always

 

about

 

 

her age.

 

 

 

c

The old woman was

 

by the

criminal into giving him all her savings.

76

 

d

He

his wife with lies about his

 

 

business trips

abroad.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

blame guilt

innocence

responsibility

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a

The suspect protested his

 

but

 

 

no one believed him and he was arrested.

 

b

If you admit your

, you will

 

 

get a reduced sentence.

 

 

cChecking the doors are locked is the security manager's

dShe's quite brave: she took the

for her schoolfriend's action and was punished.

Which

of

the

nouns in the

second box can each

of the verbs in the first box be used with?

 

 

 

 

 

 

earn gain

 

make

win

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

an advantage

a competition

experience

 

a living a prize

a profit

 

 

a reward

a salary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How many of these nouns can be used with 'get'?

Which of the nouns in

the second box can each

of the verbs in the first box be used with?

 

 

 

 

break into burgle hijack

kidnap

mug rob

 

steal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a bank a car a house

a person

a plane

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fill

the

gaps in

1-7 with the correct

 

preposition.

 

 

 

 

 

for of

to

with

 

 

 

 

1

Civil servant Mortimer Bland was suspected

 

 

 

selling official secrets to the enemy.

2

He was arrested

passing documents to a

 

secret agent in St James's Park.

3

He was accused

betraying his country.

4

He confessed

having stolen secret

 

ministry files.

 

5

He was charged

a variety of offences.

6

He was tried

spying before the most

 

senior judge in the land.

7

He was sentenced

15 years in prison.

U N I T 9

M a k i n g

y o u r w a y

Relationships

Friendship

Modal verbs

Rewrite these sentences using the modal verb in brackets.

1

Why did you stay out so late? (should)

 

You .shouldn't

have stayed

out so late.

2 Thank you for ironing that shirt, but it wasn't

 

necessary. (need)

 

 

Thank you, but you

 

 

that

shirt.

 

3 Don't feel jealous. (ought)

 

 

You

 

jealous.

4

It's essential

that you tell your

friend you're sorry.

 

(must)

 

 

 

You

 

your

 

friend you're

sorry.

 

5

I'm sure they got married in June. (must)

 

They

 

in June.

6I don't believe Charles quarrelled with Cathy. (can't)

Charles

with

Cathy.

 

7When Rachel was a child, her Italian was fluent. (could)

When Rachel was a child, she

Italian

fluently.

 

8 I didn't go to the party although it was

possible for

me to go. (could)

 

 

I

to

the party.

9Perhaps Lucia is going out with another man. (may)

Lucia

with

another

man.

10It's just possible Jerzy didn't get your message, (might)

Jerzy

your

message.

Simple or progressive?

Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense: present simple, present progressive, present perfect simple, present perfect progressive, past simple, past progressive, past perfect simple or past perfect progressive. Make any other necessary changes.

1

I ..'ve been trying

(try)

to write this letter to

 

John for two hours now, and I still ..haven't

 

..finished

(not

finish)

it.

 

2

Why we

 

 

 

(not pass)

 

a signpost yet? We

 

 

(drive)

 

for 40 minutes.

 

 

 

3

You're late. I

 

 

 

(wait)

 

for you all morning. What you

 

 

 

 

 

(do)?

 

4

Ingrid

 

 

 

(not want)

 

to do anything expensive tonight. She

 

 

 

 

 

(save up) for her

 

holiday.

 

 

 

 

5

These days Paul always

 

(look)

 

as if he

 

 

(laugh)

at everyone.

6

We all

 

 

 

(love)

 

parties so we

 

 

 

(look

 

forward to) the beach barbecue next weekend.

7

I

 

 

(travel) round

 

Europe by train when I

first

(meet)

 

Kristin.

 

 

 

 

L E S S O N 1

F r i e n d s h i p

77

8

My best friends are the ones I

(get)

 

to know while I

(study)

 

at university.

 

9

As Roger

(introduce)

 

Tania to all his friends, Ahmed

 

 

(wonder) where he

(see)

 

her before that night.

 

10

Miguel said he

(feel)

 

lonely since he

(leave)

 

home.

 

Love and marriage

People yet married for a variety of reasons. Which of the reasons below do you think are

good? Which do you think are not so good?

for companionship

for financial security

for love

to please your parents

to escape your parents

to have children

to have a comfortable old age

to gain social respect

because you've reached the age when people marry

because all your friends are married

Read these extracts from stories about love and marriage. For questions 1-14, choose from

extracts A-E. The extracts may be chosen more than once.

Which extract:

-describes an unusual start to married life?

-is written by a woman who feels she was very young when she fell in love?

-is written by a woman about her relationship with her husband?

-is about the life of a relative of the writer?

-is about patting rather than marriage?

-is about someone who clearly loves life?

-is about a woman who met her future husband at work?

-is about a woman who hoped to change her husband by marrying him?

-shows someone unable to express his or her real feelings?

-describes a marriage that took place for practical reasons?

-mentions that the couple fell in love at first sight?

-shows the inferior position of women in a certain society?

78

U N I T 1 0

R e l a t i o n s h i p

What would happen

if ?

MM • • • •

John has a problem with one of his friends:

What do you think of John's situation and his proposed plan of action? Are there any other things he could do? What advice would you give him if you knew him?

Listen to Gill and Steve discussing the problem. Whose ideas do you agree with more?

L E S S O N 1

F r i e n d s h i p

79

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