Добавил:
Upload Опубликованный материал нарушает ваши авторские права? Сообщите нам.
Вуз: Предмет: Файл:
Английский язык_ учебный материал / методичка для ГОСов.doc
Скачиваний:
141
Добавлен:
12.04.2015
Размер:
3.4 Mб
Скачать

Information technology

Information technology (IT) is "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer ___________", according to the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA). ________ deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and securely retrieve ______________.

Today, the term information has ballooned to encompass many aspects of computing and technology, and the __________ has become very recognizable. IT professionals perform a variety of duties that ____________ from installing applications to designing complex computer networks and information databases. A few of the duties that IT professionals perform may include data management, networking, engineering computer hardware, database and software design, as well as the management and administration of _________ systems. Information technology is _________to spread farther than the conventional __________ computer and network technology, and more into integrations of other technologies such as the use of _________ phones, televisions, automobiles, and more, which is increasing the demand for such jobs.

When computer and communications technologies are __________, the result is information technology, or "infotech". Information technology is a general term that describes any technology that helps to produce, manipulate, store, communicate, and/or disseminate information.

In recent days ABET and the ACM have collaborated to form accreditation and curriculum standards for degrees in Information ____________ as a distinct field of study separate from both Computer Science and Information Systems. SIGITE is the ACM working group for defining these standards. The Worldwide IT services __________ totalled $763 billion in 2009.

Word bank:

Revenue, IT, range, information, starting ,combined, entire, Technology, hardware, term, cell, personal.

Exercise 19. Read and translate the text. Find out the definitions of the marked words.

Information Age

The Information Age, also commonly known as the Computer Age or Information Era, is an idea that the current age will be characterized by the ability of individuals to transfer information freely, and to have instant access to knowledge that would have been difficult or impossible to find previously. The idea is linked to the concept of a Digital Age or Digital Revolution, and carries the ramifications of a shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization, to an economy based on the manipulation of information. Commonly seen as an outflow from the Space Age, capitalizing on the computer microminiaturization advances of that effort, with a fuzzy transition spanning from the advent of the personal computer in the late 1970s to the internet reaching a critical mass in the early 1990s, and the adaption of such technology by the public in the two decades after 1990. Since the invention of social media in the 2000s, the Information Age has evolved into the Attention Age according to some publications.