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The future perfect tense

Future Perfect образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to have в форме будущего времени (will have) и формы причастия прошедшего времени смыслового глагола: I will have worked, he will have worked, we will have worked.

Отрицательная форма – I / he / she /you / we / they will not (won’t) have worked Вопросительная форма - Will (I / he / she / you / we / they) have worked?

СЛУЧАИ УПОТРЕБЛЕНИЯ:

1. Для выражения действия, которое завершится к определенному моменту в будущем.

Этот момент может быть определен:

a) обозначениями времени с предлогомby.

We will have translated this article Мы переведем эту статью к пяти часам.

by 5 o’clock.

They will have reached the village Они будут в деревне к вечеру.

bytheevening.

б) другим будущим действием, выраженным в PresentSimple.

The train will have left by the time Поезд уже отправится к тому времени,

we get to the station. как мы приедем на вокзал.

Упражнения

Упр. 39. Раскройте скобки. Употребите глаголы в Future Perfect.

1. I (finish) this book by tomorrow evening.

2. By the end of next year I (be) here for twenty-five years.

3. At the rate he is going he (spend) all his money by the time he is twenty-five.

4. The train (leave) before we reach the station.

5. If I continue with my diet I (lose) 10 kilos by the end of the month.

6. By this time next year I (save) 1000 dollars.

7. By the end of my university course I (attend) 1,200 lectures.

8. When you come back I (finish) all the housework.

9. We (drink) all the wine by the end of the year.

10. When we reach Brest we (do) half of the journey.

11. If we don’t hurry the sun (rise) before we reach the top.

12. By next April I (pay) 3,000 dollars in income tax.

13. On 21 October they (be) maries for twenty-five years.

14. By next winter they (build) four houses in that street.

15. At this rate you (break) all the wine glasses by the end of the month.

16. I’m going to Hyde Park to hear people making speeches. – You’ll be too late. By the time you

get there they (finish) their speeches and everybody (go) home.

Упр. 40. Раскройте скобки. Употребите глаголы в Future Perfect или Future Simple.

  1. By next June he _______________ (write) his second novel.

  2. He _______________ (finish) this work before you _______________ (leave).

  3. By the end of the summer she _______________ (teach) us to speak Italian.

  4. The meeting ______________ (finish) by the time we ______________ (get) there.

  5. I ____________ (do) my homework tomorrow.

  6. By next week he _______________ (sell) all his furniture.

  7. I hope it _______________ (stop) raining by 5 o'clock.

8. The builder says he _______________ (finish) the roof by Saturday.

9. The car _______________ (do) 100,000 miles soon.

10. They_______________ (build) the road by the end of the year.

11. In a couple of years the children ________ (leave) home and we __________(buy)

a smaller house.

12. He _______________ (take) his exam by his next birthday.