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III Communicative skills

Read and translate the following dialogs.

  1. Workshop Facilities

A: We’ve got very good workshop facilities here. We do all our own servicing and most repairs. We have separate areas for welding, grinding and sawing.

B: Is there anything you don’t do in-house?

A: Yes. If we don’t have the facilities to deal with it here, we send it out for maintenance.

B: Is that more expensive?

A: It depends on a job. It’s actually more cost-effective than buying specialist equipment that we don’t use very often.

  1. The Right Tool for the Job

A: Can you help me? This fitting has come loose and I need something to tighten it up.

B: Let’s have a look. Oh yes, you need a 10 mm spanner. Here you are. Just leave it on the workbench when you finish.

A: Thanks for your help.

B: No problem.

  1. In the storeroom.

A: Where can I find a spare hose for the pump?

B: What size do you need?

A: A 25 mm diameter.

B: They’re at the back of the stores, second shelf up on the right-hand side.

A: Thanks. Have you got any light bulbs?

B: They’re in the blue cupboard. Anything else?

A: Oh yes, some cutters.

B: I’ll need to check. Sorry, we don’t have any in stock. But I can order some and send through the order today. How many do you need?

A: Just one pair.

B: Fine. They should be here the day after tomorrow.

  1. An unfamiliar Piece of Equipment

A: I haven’t seen this machine before. What’s it used for?

B: It’s really useful piece of equipment. It’s for smoothing rough edges. Here, let me show you how it works. It’s very simple to operate.

2. Make up and present a dialog (use expressions and topics from the dialogs given above).

IV Comprehensive skills

  1. assumption – припущення

  2. prowess – мужність

  3. impact – вплив

  4. wholesale – оптова торгівля

  5. outsourcing – залучення зовнішніх ресурсів

  6. Innovation – інновація

Listen to the text Truths about globalization. Read the following statements, say whether they are true (t) or false (f).

1. Industrialized nations will always keep leading in knowledge-intensive industries

2. The developing nations focus on lower skills and lower labour costs.

3. Many businesses (including major automation companies) are also outsourcing knowledge work such as design and engineering services.

4. Tradition is the true source of value.

5. Countries like Japan and Germany will tend to benefit from their short-term business contracts.

Unit 7. Robotics

1. application - застосування

2. handling – вантажні роботи

3. processing - обробка

4. gripper - захват

5. arc welding – електродугова зварка

6. spray-painting gun – пульверізатор з фарбою

7. screw - шуруп

8. nut - гайка

9. specification - вимога

10. substitute - заміна

I Read and translate the text Robots in Manufacturing. Robots in Manufacturing

Today most robots are used in manufacturing operations. The applications of robots can be divided into three categories:

  1. material handling

  2. processing operations

  3. assembly and inspection.

Material-handling is the transfer of material and loading and unloading of machines. Material-transfer applications require the robot to move materials or work parts from one to another. Many of these tasks are relatively simple: robots pick up parts from one conveyor and place them on another. Other transfer operations are more complex, such as placing parts in an arrangement that can be calculated by the robot. Machine loading and unloading operations utilize a robot to load and unload parts. This requires the robot to be equipped with a gripper that can grasp parts. Usually the gripper must be designed specifically for the particular part geometry.

In robotic processing operations, the robot manipulates a tool to perform a process on the work part. Examples of such applications include spot welding, continuous arc welding and spray painting. Spot welding of automobile bodies is one of the most common applications of industrial robots. The robot positions a spot welder against the automobile panels and frames to join them. Arc welding is a continuous process in which robot moves the welding rod along the welding seam. Spray painting is the manipulation of a spray-painting gun over the surface of the object to be coated. Other operations in this category include grinding and polishing in which a rotating spindle serves as the robot's tool.

The third application area of industrial robots is assembly and inspection. The use of robots in assembly is expected to increase because of the high cost of manual labor. But the design of the product is an important aspect of robotic assembly. Assembly methods that are satisfactory for humans are not always suitable for robots. Screws and nuts are widely used for fastening in manual assembly, but the same operations are extremely difficult for a one-armed robot.

Inspection is another area of factory operations in which the utilization of robots is growing. In a typical inspection job, the robot positions a sensor with respect to the work part and determines whether the part answers the quality specifications. In nearly all industrial robotic applications, the robot provides a substitute for human labor. There are certain characteristics of industrial jobs performed by humans that can be done by robots:

  1. the operation is repetitive, involving the same basic work motions every cycle,

  2. the operation is hazardous or uncomfortable for the human worker (for example: spray painting, spot welding, arc welding, and certain machine loading and unloading tasks),

  3. the work piece or tool are too heavy and difficult to handle, the operation allows the robot to be used on two or three shifts.

    1. Answer the following questions.

1. What is the most common application of robots in manufacture?

2. What operations could be done by robots in car manufacturing industry?

3. What is “material handling”?

4. What does the robot need to be equipped with to do loading and uploading operations?

5. What does robot manipulate in robotic processing operations?

6. What are the main reasons to use robots in production?

7. How can robots inspect the quality of production?

8. What operations could be hazardous or uncomfortable for the human workers condition?

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