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2. Answer the following questions according to the information in the passage.

  • What are two different approaches to controlling crime?

  • How could educational and social programmes help lower the crime rate?

3. Read these questions and share your answers with a partner. Then discuss as a class which opinions were the most controversial.

  • Which of the two different approaches to controlling crime do you think is more effective? Why?

  • Do you think your community has a high crime rate or a low crime rate? Explain.

  • What is your opinion about controlling crime? Write A (agree) or D (disagree) next to the following opinions.

________ 1 Criminals should be punished. If people break the law, they deserve to pay the price, no matter why they did it.

________ 2 Having tough punishments can stop people from committing crimes. If we have severe punishments, people will think twice before they break the law.

________ 3 People need a second chance. If we try to reform criminals, by education, psychological treatment, or other methods, we can turn them away from a life of crime.

________ 4 We need to provide a sense of security in society. Putting people who break the law in prison is the only way to do that.

________ 5 The most important thing we can do is try to prevent crime before it happens. Prevention is always better than punishment.

2. Listening 1 interview with david: Preventing juvenile crime

Here are some words and phrases from the interview with David printed in bold and given in the context in which you will hear them. They are followed by definitions.

I think the media exacerbates the problem: makes worse

We have thousands of security guards in the schools and metal detectors, too:

machines that can detect guns, knives, and other weapons made of metal

And the kids get searched as they go into school: physically examined to see if they have weapons or illegal drugs

They are more likely to lash out and become violent: express anger

Put them on a one-to-one basis and they're usually very friendly: with one other person

The problem is that social support systems have really fallen apart: government and private organizations that give people help and encouragement / become worse due to lack of money

The funding for programs like these has been cut: money

But we also need harsher punishments: stronger, more serious

1. Read the following questions before you listen to the interview with David, a young man who works with high school students before they go to college.

  • What does David think causes young people to commit crimes?

  • How do kids feel about school? Why?

  • Does David believe that violent kids are products of their social environment, or that they have natural, biological tendencies to be that way?

  • What kinds of programmes does David think schools should organize?

  • Does David believe in harsh punishments?

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