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18. Correct any mistakes in the learners' sentences below.

Examples: She said us that she felt tired.

asked me if I was

My boss said was I going to work late.

1 She said last night that she isn't going to come to the party, but look, she's over there.

2 They said me they had been waiting for a long time.

3 He told that he had had a wonderful holiday.

4 I asked him what did he do.

5 Miguel was telling that you're thinking of changing your job.

6 I missed the lecture, so I asked Sheena what had they done.

7 I asked him was he free on Friday night but he said he was busy unfortunately.

8 He asked me when did the film start.

/from Developing Grammar in Context. Mark Nettle, Diana Hopkins/

Vocabulary Law and Order

The police

When someone commits a crime (= breaks the law and does something illegal/against the law/wrong), the police do a number of things.

They investigate the crime. (= try to find out what happened and who is responsible)

If they catch (= find) the person they believe is responsible for the crime, they will arrest them. (= take them to the police station because they think the person has committed the


At the police station, they question them. (= ask them questions)

If they are sure that the person committed the crime, the person is charged with the crime.

(= the police make an official statement that they believe the person committed the crime)

For a serious crime (e.g. murder), the person must then go to court for trial. [see the next section]

In court

In court, the defendant must try to prove (= provide facts to show something is true) that they did not commit the crime. In other words, they must try to prove that they are innocent (opp guilty). Twelve members of the public (called the jury) listen to the evidence (= information about the crime, for and against) and then make their decision. People who see a crime are witnesses, and they usually give evidence at a trial.

Punishment (= what a person must suffer if they do something wrong)

If someone is guilty of a crime, the judge will give the sentence (= the punishment). If a person is guilty of murder, the sentence may be 10-20 years in prison or the judge may sentence him/her to life imprisonment. If a person pleads guilty, the punishment may be more lenient (less harsh). Then the person is convicted and becomes a prisoner.

When the prisoner has served/done the sentence, he is released (=made free).

For crimes that are not serious (called minor offences, e.g. illegal parking), the punishment is usually a fine. (= money you have to pay)

Prosecution (the process of being officially charged with a crime in court) for a first minor offence rarely leads to imprisonment.

If someone is found not guilty of a crime, they are acquitted.

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