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4. Система освіти у Великобританії. Відомі університети та коледжі./Education in Great Britain. Famous universities and colleges.

Secondary Education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland

Schools in England, Wales and Northern Ireland tend to emphasise depth in a few chosen subjects.

  • Year 7 to 11 (Year 8 - 12 in N. Ireland), typically for students aged 12 to 16.

  • Some secondary schools offer a non-compulsory sixth form department, Year 12 and 13

  • After the successful completion of Year 10 and 11 a General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) is awarded, usually in five to ten different subjects.

Post-16 Education in the UK

A-Levels (England, Wales, Northern Ireland)

The most common form of post-16 education is the study of A-levels (General Certificate of Education in Advanced Level certificates), which are used as a form of preparation for admission into university. Students generally study three or four subjects to A-level relevant to their chosen degree subject.

  • Year 12 and 13, commonly called Sixth Form, typically for students from the age of 16/17 to 17/18.

  • A-Levels can be studied at a secondary school, sixth form college or further education college.

Highers (Scotland)

Generally, students take Highers, a Scottish Qualification certificate offered by the Scottish Qualifications Authority, after Secondary 4. Highers are a university entrance qualification and are offered in a wide range of subjects. Though students can typically enter university at the end of Secondary 5, most remain through Secondary 6 to take more Highers courses or progress to the Advanced

Highers level.

  • Secondary 5 and 6, typically for students from the age of 16/17 to 17/18.

  • Highers take place at secondary school.

  • Requires the completion of Standard Grade exams

Higher Education in the UK

Bachelor’s Degree (England, Wales, Northern Ireland)

Students apply to UK universities, through the University and College Admissions Service (UCAS), a central government agency that coordinates applications for every university. Students may make 5 choices on their UCAS form. Wide ranges of degree courses are available, which provide skills for a variety of jobs or further study.

A Bachelor’s degree is usually a 3 year programme at a university or higher education college.

Universities evaluate students’ predicted A-level scores (or equivalent), among other criteria, during the admissions process

Students must choose course as part of the university application

Types of degrees include: Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (BSc)

Some degree programmes are for 4 years and include a ‘sandwich’ year when students gain relevant work experience for 1 year.

In countries where students have fewer than 13 years education, it is likely that students will need to study a year-long Foundation Certificate program before starting a Bachelors degree.

Prepare for your UK Bachelor’s Degree with our International Foundation Certificate, Pre-Sessional and A-Level programs.

Bachelor’s Degree (Scotland)

Wide ranges of degree courses are available at Scottish universities, which tend to emphasise breadth across subjects and students typically do not specialise subjects until the third year.

A Bachelor’s degree is a 4 year program at university.

During the admissions process universities evaluate the students’ Highers results among other criteria.

Students may take a sandwich course, a year of study abroad or work before courses are completed

Traditionally, Scottish universities award a Master of Arts (MA) degree, which is equivalent to a Bachelor’s degree

The Honours degree is awarded after an additional year of research at the university.

Masters Degree

A Masters degree in the UK may be research based, a taught course or a combination of the two and will prepare students for a particular career or for a doctorate qualification, and are offered in a variety of fields.

Requires the successful completion of an undergraduate degree.

Typically a 12 month program

Taught masters qualifications include: Master of Arts (MA), Master of Science (MSc) and Master of Business Administration (MBA)

Research masters qualifications include: Master of Research (MRes), Master of Philosophy (MPhil)

The key to successful study at this level is good preparation for your course through our Pre-MBA and Pre-Masters programs.


Doctorate programs require students to undertake an original piece of research.

Generally requires a Bachelor’s or Masters degree

Minimum length of three years at a university

Typically students work on a single research project or dissertation

Types of degrees: Doctor of Philosophy (Phd or Dphil)

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