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МІНІСТЕРСТВО ОСВІТИ І НАУКИ УКРАЇНИ

КИЇВСЬКИЙ НАЦІОНАЛЬНИЙ УНІВЕРСИТЕТ ТЕХНОЛОГІЙ ТА ДИЗАЙНУ

Англійська мова

Збірник текстів та завдань

до практичних занять для студентів ІІ курсу

спеціальності “ Педагогіка ”

Київ кнутд 2008

Англійська мова: Збірник текстів та завдань до практичних занять для студентів ІІ курсу спеціальності “ Педагогіка ” / Упор. Н.Д. Ганчик, К.Б. Кугай – К.: КНУТД, 2008 – 40 с. – Англійською мовою

Упорядники: Ганчик Н.Д.

Кугай К.Б.

Відповідальний за випуск завідувач кафедри іноземних мов ф-ту ТЛП к. ф. н., доцент Т.В. Барамикова

Затверджено на засіданні кафедри іноземних мов ф-ту ТЛП

Протокол № 5 від 12.12.2008р.

Unit 1 Topic: Education

I. Read and remember the following words and word-combinations:

to endeavour – намагатися

hard-won wisdom – мудрість, отримана ціною великих зусиль

precept – повчання, правило

to instil – вселяти (надію)

schooling – (шкільне) навчання, освіта

deliberately – свідомо

setting – атмосфера

mores – звичаї

conscious approach – свідомий підхід

visuality – мислене уявлення

accessibility – доступність

to stand the test – витримати випробування

II. Read and translate the following text:

The American educator Horace Mann once said: “As an apple is not in any proper sense an apple until it is ripe, so a human being is not in any proper sense a human being until he is educated.” Education is the process, through which people endeavour to pass along to their children their hard-won wisdom and their aspirations for a better world. This process begins shortly after birth, as parents seek to train the infant to behave as their culture demands. They soon, for instance, teach the child how to turn babbling sounds into language and, through example and precept, they try to instil in the child the attitudes, values, skills and knowledge that will govern their offspring’s behaviour throughout later life. Schooling or formal education consists of experiences that are deliberately planned and utilized to help young people learn, what adults consider important for them to know. Everyone accepts the goal of developing skill in the three “Rs”: reading, writing and arithmetic.

The basic questions in education are:

1. Why teach?

2. What should be taught?

3. What teaching methods should be used?

4. Who should teach?

5. What is the best setting for learning?

6. How long should schooling continue?

A teacher is someone who communicates information or skill, so that someone else may learn. Parents are the first teachers. Just by living with their child and sharing their everyday activities with him, they teach him their language, their values, mores and their manners. Information and skills difficult to teach through family living, these are taught in a school by a person, whose special occupation is teaching.

The knowledge of pedagogics contributes to the whole teaching/learning process, by providing the essential pedagogical techniques and classroom procedures: an organization of the items and materials that are being taught. The effective teaching techniques remain an important part in the teacher’s preparation.

It is the teacher’s task to make the teaching/learning process enjoyable, fruitful and creative. The teacher must be sure that materials are at hand to the needs and progress of his pupils. He must have all available information about the common essential learning his students have had in the past and are going to have in the future.

As it was mentioned above, pedagogics is the science, which deals with teaching and education of youngsters. One branch of pedagogics is didactics, which is primarily concerned with general ways of teaching. Methodology, as compared to didactics, studies specific ways of teaching a definite subject. Thus, it may be considered special didactics. In teaching general principles of didactics are applied (the principle of conscious approach, differentiated and integrated instruction, activity, visuality, accessibility, durability, individualization, novelty and others) which, in their turn, influence and enrich didactics. Some principles and techniques have stood the test of experience and are recognized as standard principles.

III. Find the English for:

знання, малятко, лепетати, нащадок, діяльність, основа, метод, наявний (що є у розпорядженні), розрізнятися, збагачувати, майстерність, прагнення

IV. Put the words into correct order to make a sentence:

1. Education, shortly, the, begins, birth, process, after, of.

2. Someone, information, a, or, skills, teacher, who, is, communicates.

3. Which, with, and, pedagogics, science, deals, teaching, is, a, education.

4. Consists, experiences, education, of, formal.

V. Match the words with their definitions:

pedagogics, methodology, didactics, technique, teacher, experience

  • a science intended to teach a moral lesson;

  • a particular method of doing smth;

  • a study and theory of the methods and principles of teaching;

  • a profession to teach;

  • a system of methods and principles for doing smth;

  • the things that have happened to you or that you have made.

VI. Answer the questions:

1. What is education in childhood like?

2. What is schooling?

3. What does the profession of a teacher imply?

4. What branches of pedagogics do you know?

5. What are general teaching principles of didactics?

6. What does each of them mean?

VII. How do you understand the saying: “As an apple is not in any proper sense an apple until it is ripe, so a human being is not in any proper sense a human being until he is educated”.

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