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22. For advanced students. Instructions as above.

status affluence priorities image acquisitive materialistic welfare state motivated idealism mercenary spiritual status-symbols

People nowadays have more money, and some say this new ______ has made people more__________, which means they place too much importance on money, comfort and luxury goods, and more , which means they want to buy, own, possess more and more. We are not only money-oriented but also over-concerned with social and professional _______. We care too much about our _______, how other people see us. We like to own , like unnecessarily fast cars, the latest hi-fi equipment, fashionable clothes. Another factor is that many of us live in a ______, in which all our basic needs are provided by the government. In fact, care for those in need is now so highly organized that there is less scope for personal _____. What can a mere individual do to improve the world? But is the picture so black? Are we really reduced to being _____ creatures, ______ only by money? Perhaps it is time we examined our _____ and decided what is really important in life. Perhaps we should try to find self-fulfilment by exploring our (abilities and finding satisfaction in the _____ aspects of life: an appreciation of art and nature, service to others, the improvement of our minds.

23. Instructions as above.

constructively aimless regimentation rewarding initiative scope challenge creativity aspire conditioned 9 to 5 fulfilment

Most adults ________ to more leisure but, in fact, not many people have the necessary to use the free time they already have very ____. The sad fact is that we need work because it imposes the discipline we need. Life seems ______ and we secretly look forward to our work again. We dream about personal________ but probably find it more in our work than in our leisure time. This depends on age. The young are from work and responsibility, and freedom comes naturally to them. However, after they begin jobs they become_______ to work. They find they need it, however much they complain about its routine and ______. Obviously this again depends on the kind of work. Those with ______ jobs, or jobs which require_______ receive genuine satisfaction from their work, but most of us are in conventional jobs which offer little _______ for imagination. We leave our work only to face a leisure that we find difficult to cope with. Our mistake is in regarding leisure as a chance to do nothing, whereas in fact it should be looked on as a ________ .

24. Translate the articles into English.

A. Перерыв на веб-серфинг

Если офисные служащие заходят на сайты, не связанные с основной работой, то, как правило, производительность из труда возрастает. К такому выводу пришли сотрудники Мельбурнского университета. Они выяснили, что офисным сотрудникам полезно проводить на развлекательных и информационно-познавательных сайтах до 20% рабочего времени. Эффективность их труда увеличивается на 9% по сравнению с тем, как если бы они посвящали работе все свое время.

B. Карьера или психика?

Британские исследователи из университета Уорвика выяснили, что психическое состояние служащих, поднимающихся по карьерной лестнице, ухудшается в среднем на 10%. К такому выводу они пришли, опросив более тысячи людей, получивших за последние 5 лет повышение до должности менеджера среднего или высшего звена. Психологи связывают это явление с увеличением ответственности и повышением риска стресса. При этом «свежеиспеченные боссы» часто не находят времени на визиты к врачам.


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