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2. Read the following descriptions and guess which jobs are described.

  1. They help people who need legal advice. Sometimes they have to go to court.

  2. They work in the fields growing crops breed animals such as cows, sheep, pigs and geese.

  3. They treat animals that are sick.

  4. These people take your order and serve you in restaurants. If the service is good it is customary to leave tip for them.

  5. These people may ask you to look inside your case when you cross the border. They look for drugs or objects that people try to bring into the country illegally.

  6. They are usually very attractive people and their job is to appear in photographs advertising new clothes and beauty products.

  7. These people design new buildings. They have to draw up clear plans so that the builders know exactly what to do.

  8. If you want a new suit or dress specially made to fit you, you need their service.

  9. If you think your eyes need testing, you address them.

  10. If you have a lot of garbage you want to get rid of, you need their service.

  11. You consult them if there is a power cut in your house.

  12. You need their help if you have decided to sell your house.

  13. If you are going to check in at a hotel to stay for a few days, you address these people.

  14. If a filling has come out of your tooth, you need the help of these people.

  15. You address these people, if you want to have you hair cut.

3. The jobs below are grouped according to the results of a survey on average weekly earnings in Britain. Group A earn the most, Group J the least. Study the jobs mentioned and answer the questions which follow the exercise.

Group A: medical practitioners (doctors, etc.), pilots, specialists in finance, insurance / tax inspectors, university lecturers

Group B: police inspectors, fire-service officers, prison officers, sales managers, marketing executives, company secretaries, personnel relations officers

Group C: ship's officers, advertising executives, public relations officers, journalists (reporters), electrical / electronic engineers, local government administrators

Group D: mechanical engineers, civil engineers, computer programmers, system analysts, accountants, policemen

Group E: industrial designers, draughtsmen, ambulancemen, welfare workers, primary / secondary school teachers

Group F: toolmakers and fitters, furnacemen, welders (skilled), security officers, guards and detectives, laboratory technicians, sales supervisors, bus / coach drivers, sheet metal workers

Group G: lathe operators, train drivers, bricklayers, postmen, mail sorters, catering supervisors, joiners, telephonists

Group H: packers, bottlers, canners, fillers, chefs and cooks, plasterers, hotel / pub / club managers, midwives and nurses, painters, refuse collectors (dustmen), bakers and confectioners, hospital porters, storekeepers

Group I: shop assistants, salesmen, shelf-fillers, bus conductors, caretakers, bleachers and dyers, gardeners, butchers, barmen

Group J: road sweepers, farm workers, kitchen hands, auxiliaries, waitresses

Questions:

  1. How fair do you think earnings are in Britain?

  2. Which jobs do you think are in the wrong group? Which group would you put them in?

Find three examples of white-collar workers, blue-collar workers, professions, skilled workers, semi-skilled workers, manufacturing industries workers, service industries workers.

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