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2. Prepare a short presentation on one of the topics given below (see Appendix 4 on p. 73)

1. National varieties of the British cuisine.

2. Fast food: for and against.

3. Food and health: what should we eat?

4. Chemicals and natural ingredients in food processing industry.

5. Professions in food industry.

6. Genetically modified food: risk to human health.

IV. Final Activity

Visit the link www.izhgsha.ru to find out more about the Department of the Technology of Food Processing and Catering Service Department of the Izhevsk State Agricultural Academy.

Consider the following points:

- the history of the faculty;

- the faculty staff;

- the departments of the faculty;

- the total number of students;

- students’ life.

Present your report in writing (1 page).

You can use other additional resources.

MISCELLANEOUS

Переведите на русский язык следующие пословицы и устойчивые выражения, найдите их русские эквиваленты. Придумайте ситуации, в которых данные фразы могут быть использованы.

  1. No mill, no meal.

  2. A slice of bread.

  3. Cook one's own goose.

  4. Bigger fish to fry.

  5. Meat-and-potatoes.

  6. Many a pickle makes a mickle.

  7. Give the wolf the best food, but he would hanker for the wood.

Модуль 2

UNIT 3. VETERINARY

I. Reading and Speaking Practice Section.

  1. Guess the meaning of the following international words:

Clinical, medical, diagnose, vaccinate, infection, aquarium, laboratory, therapy, antibiotics, quarantine, inspection, instruments.

2. Match the English names of diseases with their Russian equivalents:

flu, influenza ангина

pneumonia бронхит

bronchitis грипп

tuberculosis пневмония

quinsy туберкулез

ulcer рак

cancer язва

  1. Discuss in small groups the following points

(see Appendix 1 on p.69):

- the pets you’ve got;

- if it’s an indoor or an outdoor;

- the care you take of your pet;

- the information about veterinary;

- the related sciences.

Text A

Veterinary

Read the text to find out what the job of veterinarians involves. Complete the diagram:

Veterinarians care for the ­­­­­health of pets, livestock, and animals in zoos, racetracks, and laboratories. They diagnose animal health problems; vaccinate against diseases, such as distemper, rabies, foot-and-mouth disease and anthrax; medicate animals suffering from infections or illnesses; treat and dress wounds, including cesarean sections on birthing animals; set fractures; perform surgery; and advise owners about animal feeding, behavior, and breeding. Veterinarians of all types euthanize animals when necessary.

Some veterinarians use their skills to protect humans against diseases carried by animals and conduct clinical research on human and animal health problems.

Others work in basic research, broadening our knowledge of animals and medical science, and in applied research, developing new ways to use knowledge.

Most veterinarians work on farms to provide veterinary services for herds or individual animals. Much of this work involves preventive care to maintain the health of the animals.

Some veterinarians who work in private medical practices treat small animals. Small-animal practitioners usually care for companion animals, such as dogs and cats, but also treat birds, reptiles, rabbits, ferrets, and other animals that can be kept as pets.

About one-fourth of all veterinarians work in mixed animal practices, where they see pigs, goats, cattle, sheep, and some wild animals in addition to companion animals.

Veterinarians who treat animals use medical equipment such as stethoscopes, surgical instruments, and diagnostic equipment, including radiographic and ultrasound equipment. Veterinarians working in research use a full range of sophisticated laboratory equipment.

Veterinarians contribute to human as well as animal health. A number of veterinarians work with physicians and scientists as they research ways to prevent and treat various human health problems. For example, veterinarians contributed greatly in conquering malaria and yellow fever. Today, they determine the effects of drug therapies, antibiotics, or new surgical techniques by testing them on animals.

Some veterinarians are involved in food safety and inspection. Veterinarians who are livestock inspectors, for example, check animals for transmissible diseases, such as E. coli, and may quarantine animals. Veterinarians who are meat, poultry, or egg product inspectors examine slaughtering and processing plants, check live animals and carcasses for disease, and enforce government regulations regarding food purity and sanitation.

Veterinarians often work long hours. Sometimes they have to deal with emotional or demanding pet owners. When working with animals that are frightened or in pain, veterinarians risk being bitten, kicked, or scratched.

(http://www.bls.gov)

Practice 1. Re-read the text to find out which of the following statements are true and which are false.

1. Veterinarians take care of sick and injured animals.

2. Another option for vets is doing scientific research.

3. Vets can’t perform surgery.

4. Vets can prevent health problems by giving vaccination.

5. They don’t give advice to the animals’ owners how to feed and breed animals.

6. Veterinarians work only on farms.

7. Veterinarians have a heavy workload.

Practice 2. Re-read the text to answer the following questions. Note that some of the questions have answers in the text and some don’t.

1. What does the job of a vet involve?

2. Is competition for admission to veterinary department keen?

3. How long does it take to become a veterinarian?

4. Where can veterinarians work?

5. How do veterinarians help to study human health?

6. What instruments and equipment do they use?

7. Should they keep up with new techniques and information?

8. How do they ensure food safety?

Practice 3. Re-read the text to find out which of its paragraphs deals with:

1) duties carried out by veterinarians;

2) medical equipment and instruments;

3) contribution of veterinarians to the study of human health;

4) veterinarians as food inspectors;

5) workplace;

6) working hours;

7) difficulties that veterinarians can face.

Practice 5. Sum up the content of the text.

Practice 6. Does this text give you sufficient information about veterinary? What questions would you like to ask the author of the text?

Practice 7. Do you think that this profession is prestigious in this country and abroad? Why? Where can veterinarians work in our city? Discuss in groups.

Text B

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