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Контрольная работа №1 по английскому языку

для студентов бакалавриата заочного отделения ИжГСХА

(все направления)

Вариант 1.

I. Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием s и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т. е. служит ли оно:

а) показателем 3 лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite;

б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного;

в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.

г) Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. The gardener plants apple trees in my parents’ garden.

  2. He waters young plants every morning.

  3. Izhevsk plants produce many useful commodities.

  4. He always parks his car near his house.

  5. English parks are the most beautiful in the world.

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения. Переведите на русский язык предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения.

  1. The task of modern farmers today is to produce more food on fewer acres.

  2. My friend is the best in picking up strawberries.

  3. New discoveries and farming techniques make agriculture more productive, efficient, and friendly to the environment.

  4. The most popular arable crops are cereals.

  5. The lower the price the more goods we can sell.

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент.

  1. Computers, internet, e-mail and cell phones should become an integral part of agricultural workers’ activity.

  2. We can definitely say that agriculture feeds, dresses and provides shelter.

  3. This fertilizer is allowed to be used in this region.

  4. I had to pick up 15 boxes of strawberry but I wasn’t able to do that.

  5. Will you be able to help me with harvesting potatoes?

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. Consumption of dairy products has increased this year.

  2. We had received good results before the auditors came.

  3. They provide agricultural machinery, inorganic fertilizers, seeds and animal feed.

  4. They are working hard to increase consumption of major food commodities.

  5. As he was going to build a new glasshouse he had to earn some extra money.

  1. Заполните следующий бланк.

(Application form)

Personal details:

(a) First name:

(b) Surname:

(c) Age:

(d) Date of birth:

(e) Sex:

Female

Male

(f) Marital Status:

Single

Married

Separated

Divorced

Widowed

(g) Occupation:

(h) Address:

(i) Postcode:

(k) Mobile (telephone) number:

(j) E-mail address:

  1. Переведите текст на русский язык.

Farmers Can Control Insects by Mixing Plants

Last week, we discussed how farmers can control harmful insects by mixing different kinds of plants with the main crop.  But there are also other ways to use plants to protect crops without chemicals.  Some plants provide food and protection for insects that help control harmful insects.

Organic Gardening magazine, published by the Rodale Institute, once described some examples, such as ladybugs.

Ladybugs are beetles that like crimson clover and hairy vetch.  They find food, water and a resting place in the clover and vetch. Ladybug larvae eat harmful aphids.  Aphids are tiny insects that feed on many different kinds of crop plants.

Plants also help each other through their root systems.

For example, scientists say the roots of the marigold flower reduce harmful nematode populations in the soil.   Nematodes are tiny worms.  There are more than ten-thousand different kinds of nematodes.  And some of them feed on corn.

Wild mustard is another plant that releases a poison through its roots.  This poison kills nematodes.  It also kills some kinds of fungi.

A researcher at the University of California, Santa Cruz, said the wild mustard should be cut close to the ground after the first fifteen days.  After that, it should be cut once a month.  If left to grow freely, wild mustard will compete with the corn for nutrients in the soil.

Canadian researchers discovered that the dandelion weed can protect tomato plants from fusarium disease.  Fusarium attacks the plant roots.  It reduces the number of tomatoes that the plant produces.

Dandelion roots produce cichoric acid.  This acid prevents the disease from getting iron from the soil.  Fusarium needs iron to survive.

There are, however, plants that should never be grown together.  The roots of the black walnut tree, for example, produce a poison that kills potatoes, peas, tomatoes and peppers.

Dying parts of the brassica family of plants produce a poison that prevents the seeds of some plants from growing.  Brassica plants include broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower.

Plants with small seeds, such as lettuce, are especially affected by the brassica poison.  A professor at the University of Connecticut said brassica plants should be removed from the soil after they have produced their crop.

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