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Вариант 4.

I. Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием s и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т. е. служит ли оно:

а) показателем 3 лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite;

б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного;

в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.

г) Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. The gardener plants apple trees in my parents’ garden.

  2. He waters young plants every morning.

  3. Izhevsk plants produce many useful commodities.

  4. He parks his car near his house.

  5. English parks are the most beautiful in the world.

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения. Переведите на русский язык предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения.

  1. The task of modern farmers today is to produce more food on fewer acres.

  2. My friend is the best in picking strawberries.

  3. New discoveries and farming techniques make agriculture more productive, efficient, and friendly to the environment.

  4. The most popular arable crops are cereals.

  5. The lower the price the more goods we can sell.

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент.

  1. Computers, internet, e-mail and cell phones should become an integral part of an agricultural workers’ activity.

  2. We can definitely say that agriculture feeds, dresses and provides shelter.

  3. This fertilizer is allowed to use in this region.

  4. I had to pick 15 boxes of strawberry but I wasn’t able to do that.

  5. Will you be able to help me with harvesting potato?

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. Consumption of dairy products has increased this year.

  2. We had received good results before they came.

  3. They provide agricultural machinery, inorganic fertilizers, seeds and animal feed.

  4. They are working hard to increase consumption of major food commodities.

  5. As he was going to build a new glasshouse he had to earn some extra money.

  1. Заполните следующий бланк.

(Application form)

Personal details:

(a) First name:

(b) Surname:

(c) Age:

(d) Date of birth:

(e) Sex:

Female

Male

(f) Marital Status:

Single

Married

Separated

Divorced

Widowed

(g) Occupation:

(h) Address:

(i) Postcode:

(k) Mobile (telephone) number:

(j) E-mail address:

VI. Переведите текст на русский язык.

Houses Made of Straw

Today we bring you a new take on an old tale. It's the story of the three little pigs and the big bad wolf that blew down a house made of straw and one made of sticks. The only house left standing was the one made of bricks. Now there is new evidence to suggest that houses built with bales of straw can be very strong. They are also environmentally friendly.

Pete Walker is a professor at the University of Bath in Britain. He and a team of researchers there have built a house made out of straw bale and hemp material.

During the next twelve months the team will study the effectiveness of these materials in home building. Professor Walker says there are many good reasons for using straw.

PETE WALKER: "One of the benefits is it's a relatively inexpensive renewable material that's readily available."

Professor Walker says straw takes in carbon dioxide as it grows. So it can be seen as having no harmful effects on the environment. He says straw helps the environment in other ways.

PETE WALKER: "The straw bales walls are relatively thick and so all that straw provides very good thermal insulation. So we make buildings that require very little heating in the winter or indeed very little cooling in the summer. So they require very little additional energy."

Professor Walker says this reduces home operating expenses. It also reduces the effect on the environment. He says the current interest in straw bale houses is a direct response to the problem of climate change.

David Lanfear owns an eco-friendly home building service in the United States called Bale on Bale Construction.

He says he laughed when some friends first told him about houses built of straw. But after doing his own research, he learned that building with straw bales makes a lot of sense. He has now helped to build more than ten straw bale houses and says the building material is becoming more widely accepted.

To build the houses, he fills a wood frame with tightly packed bales of straw. Next he coats the walls inside and out with layers of clay plaster. He says the common ideas about straw houses continue, including stories about the threat of fire. Mr. Lanfear says straw bale houses have done well when tested for fire resistance.   And he says his builders use the same building methods as traditional builders to keep out rain.

DAVID LANFEAR: "We use what we call good shoes and a good hat, and that would be a solid foundation and a really good roof."

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