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Вариант 7.

I. Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием s и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т. е. служит ли оно:

а) показателем 3 лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite;

б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного;

в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.

г) Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. The gardener plants apple trees in my parents’ garden.

  2. He waters young plants every morning.

  3. Izhevsk plants produce many useful commodities.

  4. He parks his car near his house.

  5. English parks are the most beautiful in the world.

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения. Переведите на русский язык предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения.

  1. The task of modern farmers today is to produce more food on fewer acres.

  2. My friend is the best in picking strawberries.

  3. New discoveries and farming techniques make agriculture more productive, efficient, and friendly to the environment.

  4. The most popular arable crops are cereals.

  5. The lower the price the more goods we can sell.

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент.

  1. Computers, internet, e-mail and cell phones should become an integral part of an agricultural workers’ activity.

  2. We can definitely say that agriculture feeds, dresses and provides shelter.

  3. This fertilizer is allowed to use in this region.

  4. I had to pick 15 boxes of strawberry but I wasn’t able to do that.

  5. Will you be able to help me with harvesting potato?

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. Consumption of dairy products has increased this year.

  2. We had received good results before they came.

  3. They provide agricultural machinery, inorganic fertilizers, seeds and animal feed.

  4. They are working hard to increase consumption of major food commodities.

  5. As he was going to build a new glasshouse he had to earn some extra money.

  1. Заполните следующий бланк.

(Application form)

Personal details:

(a) First name:

(b) Surname:

(c) Age:

(d) Date of birth:

(e) Sex:

Female

Male

(f) Marital Status:

Single

Married

Separated

Divorced

Widowed

(g) Occupation:

(h) Address:

(i) Postcode:

(k) Mobile (telephone) number:

(j) E-mail address:

VI. Переведите текст на русский язык.

Storing Drinking Water

Safe drinking water has always been rare and valuable. Throughout the world, drinking water has to be stored for periods of low rainfall. Tanks or other containers for water storage must be ready long before a dry season begins.

For hundreds of years different kinds of materials have been used to build water storage containers. In many areas of the world, small lakes or reservoirs formed by dirt walls provide drinking water for villagers during the long dry season. In western Sudan, the thick part of the baobob tree is removed to store water collected during the short rainy season in that country.

Bricks and concrete are among the modern materials used today to build storage containers for water. A solid rock can be used as the bottom of a water tank. However, a mixture of rock and soil should not be used. The soil will settle down, but the rock will not. The water will leak out.

Ferro-cement structures are popular in some developing countries, especially in India. Ferro-cement is made by pouring a sand and cement mixture over a skeleton form made of steel rods, pipe, or chicken wire. It creates a structure that is lightweight yet keeps in water. The walls of ferro-cement structures are usually thin, which means that they can be used in building different shapes such as circles.

Wood also can be used for water storage structures. Cypress, fir, pine and redwood are some of the kinds of trees that have been used. Wooden tanks do not require special care, although their average lifetime is shorter than tanks made with concrete or steel. Any chemicals used to keep the wood from being ruined must not be poisonous substances.

Water in uncovered storage tanks or reservoirs can become unsafe. Small green plants called algae can grow in large amounts near the surface. The algae may help bacteria continue to grow, even if chemicals such as chlorine are added to the water to kill the bacteria. Uncovered water also can be polluted by birds, animals or humans.

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