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Вариант 8.

I. Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием s и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т. е. служит ли оно:

а) показателем 3 лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite;

б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного;

в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.

г) Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. The gardener plants apple trees in my parents’ garden.

  2. He waters young plants every morning.

  3. Izhevsk plants produce many useful commodities.

  4. He parks his car near his house.

  5. English parks are the most beautiful in the world.

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения. Переведите на русский язык предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения.

  1. The task of modern farmers today is to produce more food on fewer acres.

  2. My friend is the best in picking strawberries.

  3. New discoveries and farming techniques make agriculture more productive, efficient, and friendly to the environment.

  4. The most popular arable crops are cereals.

  5. The lower the price the more goods we can sell.

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент.

  1. Computers, internet, e-mail and cell phones should become an integral part of an agricultural workers’ activity.

  2. We can definitely say that agriculture feeds, dresses and provides shelter.

  3. This fertilizer is allowed to use in this region.

  4. I had to pick 15 boxes of strawberry but I wasn’t able to do that.

  5. Will you be able to help me with harvesting potato?

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. Consumption of dairy products has increased this year.

  2. We had received good results before they came.

  3. They provide agricultural machinery, inorganic fertilizers, seeds and animal feed.

  4. They are working hard to increase consumption of major food commodities.

  5. As he was going to build a new glasshouse he had to earn some extra money.

  1. Заполните следующий бланк.

(Application form)

Personal details:

(a) First name:

(b) Surname:

(c) Age:

(d) Date of birth:

(e) Sex:

Female

Male

(f) Marital Status:

Single

Married

Separated

Divorced

Widowed

(g) Occupation:

(h) Address:

(i) Postcode:

(k) Mobile (telephone) number:

(j) E-mail address:

VI. Переведите текст на русский язык.

Water Storage Systems

Each year, millions of people in Bangladesh drink ground water that has been polluted by naturally high levels of arsenic poison. Finding safe drinking water in that country can be a problem. However, International Development Enterprises has a low-cost answer. This non-governmental organization has developed technology to harvest rainwater.

People around the world have been harvesting rainwater for centuries. It is a safe, dependable source of drinking water. Unlike ground water, rainwater contains no minerals or salts and is free of chemical treatments. Best of all, it is free.

The rainwater harvesting system created by International Development Enterprises uses pipes to collect water from the tops of buildings. The pipes stretch from the buildings to a two-meter tall storage tank made of metal. At the top of the tank is a so-called "first-flush" device made of wire screen. This barrier prevents dirt and leaves in the water from falling inside the tank.

A fitted cover sits over the "first-flush" device. It protects the water inside the tank from evaporating. The cover also prevents mosquito insects from laying eggs in the water.

Inside the tank is a low cost plastic bag that collects the water. The bag sits inside another plastic bag similar to those used to hold grains. The two bags are supported inside the metal tank. All total, the water storage system can hold up to three-thousand-five-hundred liters of water. International Development Enterprises says the inner bags may need to be replaced every two to three years. However, if the bags are not damaged by sunlight, they could last even longer.

International Development Enterprises says the water harvesting system should be built on a raised structure to prevent insects from eating into it at the bottom. The total cost to build this rainwater harvesting system is about forty dollars. However, International Development Enterprises expects the price to drop over time. The group says one tank can provide a family of five with enough rainwater to survive a five-month dry season.

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