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Вариант 6.

I. Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием s и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т. е. служит ли оно:

а) показателем 3 лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite;

б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного;

в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.

г) Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. The gardener plants apple trees in my parents’ garden.

  2. He waters young plants every morning.

  3. Izhevsk plants produce many useful commodities.

  4. He parks his car near his house.

  5. English parks are the most beautiful in the world.

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения. Переведите на русский язык предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения.

  1. The task of modern farmers today is to produce more food on fewer acres.

  2. My friend is the best in picking strawberries.

  3. New discoveries and farming techniques make agriculture more productive, efficient, and friendly to the environment.

  4. The most popular arable crops are cereals.

  5. The lower the price the more goods we can sell.

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент.

  1. Computers, internet, e-mail and cell phones should become an integral part of an agricultural workers’ activity.

  2. We can definitely say that agriculture feeds, dresses and provides shelter.

  3. This fertilizer is allowed to use in this region.

  4. I had to pick 15 boxes of strawberry but I wasn’t able to do that.

  5. Will you be able to help me with harvesting potato?

  1. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. Consumption of dairy products has increased this year.

  2. We had received good results before they came.

  3. They provide agricultural machinery, inorganic fertilizers, seeds and animal feed.

  4. They are working hard to increase consumption of major food commodities.

  5. As he was going to build a new glasshouse he had to earn some extra money.

  1. Заполните следующий бланк.

(Application form)

Personal details:

(a) First name:

(b) Surname:

(c) Age:

(d) Date of birth:

(e) Sex:

Female

Male

(f) Marital Status:

Single

Married

Separated

Divorced

Widowed

(g) Occupation:

(h) Address:

(i) Postcode:

(k) Mobile (telephone) number:

(j) E-mail address:

VI. Переведите текст на русский язык.

Some Crops (Like Some People) Do Well as Companions

Companion planting is the idea when some crops are planted together, they help each other grow. These compatible plants generally have similar needs for nutrients, soil and moisture.

Advice for companion plantings is sometimes based more on tradition than proof. But Fabian Fernandez at the University of Illinois says there is evidence for some combinations. These can lead to better crops, reduce disease and help with pest control by attracting helpful insects.

For example, some kinds of soil bacteria take nitrogen from the air and make a form that plants can use. The plants keep the nitrogen in their roots. Legumes are especially good at this. Any crops sharing the same space can get the nitrogen as the roots decompose.

Crops like beans and potatoes can also share territory well because their roots reach different levels in the soil. Deep-rooted vegetables get nutrients and moisture from lower down, so they do not compete with shallower plants.

But some plants placed together may harm each other's development. For example, tomatoes do not like wet soil but watercress does, as the name suggests. So you would probably not want to put them together.

Even after harvest, some kinds of produce should be kept apart. Apples, for example, release ethylene gas, a plant hormone. It can cause other foods to ripen too quickly.

Fruits that release a lot of ethylene also include apricots, melons and tomatoes. Vegetables easily affected by ethylene include asparagus, broccoli, cabbage and cucumbers.

Markets often separate high ethylene-producing foods from those that are sensitive to the gas.

But sometimes you might want them together. For example, if you put an apple in a bag with an green banana, the banana will be ready to eat sooner.

Now what about peaches, plums and nectarines that are too firm to eat? Growers in California answer this question at eatcaliforniafruit.com. They say an apple, banana or a riper piece of fruit is not needed. The peaches, plums and nectarines themselves release enough of the gas to ripen successfully.

Their advice: Place the fruit in a fruit bowl or in a paper bag with the top folded over. Keep the fruit at room temperature, out of direct sunlight. When the fruit is soft enough to your liking, either use it or place it in a refrigerator to stop further ripening.

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