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The future perfect continuous tense

БУДУЩЕЕ ПЕРФЕКТНО-ДЛИТЕЛЬНОЕ ВРЕМЯ

Будущее перфектно-длительное время подчеркивает, что действие, которое уже длится сейчас, все еще будет продолжаться до определенного момента в будущем.

ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ

Для образования этой грамматической формы используется вспомогательный глагол to be в форме будущего перфектного времени (will / shall have been) и причастие I (Participle I) смыслового глагола для всех лиц и чисел:

I, we shall have been doing something.

You, they, he, she, it will have been doing something.

I’ll have been going; we’ll have been studying; they will have been talking; you will have been reading; he will have been doing; she will have been cooking; it will have been raining

By the end of next month she will have been teaching for twenty years.

By the time they reach York, they will have been travelling for four hours.

УПОТРЕБЛЕНИЕ

Будущее перфектно-длительное время употребляется для выражения длительного будущего действия, которое начнется ранее другого будущего действия или момента и будет еще продолжаться в этот момент. Характерным для данного времени является использование предлогов by и for:

By tonight I’ll have been working for seven hours.

By this time next week, he’ll have been working on this book for a year.

Обратите внимание, что the Future Perfect Continuous может употребляться только с глаголами, которые сами по себе выражают длительное действие, такими, как: to learn, to lie, to live, to rain, to sit, to wait, to work, to study, to travel, to write, to listen, to watch и др.

Exercises

Exercise 235. Read and translate the sentences. Comment on the use of the Future Perfect Continuous.

1. – Do you think you'll be tired in the evening? –Yes, I'll have already been working for eight hours. 2. By this time tomorrow I’ll have been travelling for twelve hours. 3. By the time you get here the people will have been waiting for an hour already. 4. By May, he'll have been riding that bike for five years. 5. By Christmas, I'll have been working for this company for twenty years. 6. They will have been sitting here for 20 minutes when I come. 7. In ten minutes' time I shall have been hanging around here for exactly four hours! 8. When they finish drawing I will have been waiting for them for 30 minutes. 9. Tomorrow it will be a month as they have been working on this project. 10. When the boss sees me, I will have been waiting for him for 2 hours. 11. He will have been repairing his car for two weeks on Wednesday. 12. He will have been working on his book for a year soon.

Exercise 236. Make these sentences negative and interrogative.

1. In 15 minutes Father will have been working in the garden for three hours. 2. Next year Jim will have been studying history for 5 years. 3. In a month they will have been travelling abroad for a year. 4. The workers will have been restoring the buil­ding for a year in autumn. 5. Next summer I'll have been teaching for 10 years in this school. 6. The children will have been sleeping for two hours by the time the parents come home. 7. By the time the manager turns up, the customers will have been waiting for him for several hours. 8. He complains that by May he will have been reading «War and Peace» for five months. 9. I shall have been staying here just a year this July.

Exercise 237. Supply the Future Perfect Con­tinuous Tense of the verbs in brackets.

1. Next year we …… (study) English for three years. 2. In summer my brother …… (travel) in Siberia for a year. 3. In two years my friend's father …… (work) at the factory for 30 years. 4. It …… (snow) for a week tomor­row. 5. Next year she …… (give) music lessons for twen­ty years. 6. In a month he …… (play) football for seven years. 7. In ten minutes they …… (discuss) this question for three hours. 8. In September they …… (build) their country house for 2 years. 9. In two months she …… (work) at school for ten years. 10. In half an hour they …… (write) a test-paper for two hours. 11. The play …… (run) for a year in May. 12. In March 2010 she …… (dance) on this stage for fifteen years. 13. Tomorrow it …… (rain) heavily for almost a week. 14. He …… (study) in London for two years when I come here. 15. He …… (teach) German for two years when I begin to teach English. 16. By next July she …… (live) here for five years. 17. At six o'clock I …… (work) for five hours. 18. I …… (work) at the library for 3 hours when you come there.

Exercise 238. Translate into Eng­lish.

1. На будущий год будет 10 лет, как она рабо­тает в больнице. 2. Через два дня будет ровно год, как я учу испанский язык. 3. Через неделю будет три года, как они строят кинотеатр в нашем районе. 4. Будущим летом будет пять лет, как наша группа работает над этой проблемой. 5. На бу­дущий год исполнится 6 лет, как он играет в хок­кей в этой команде. 6. Через несколько дней будет целый год, как он пишет эту книгу. 7. В августе будет два года, как он пишет портрет своей жены. 8. Через 20 минут будет 3 часа, как студенты пишут сочинение. 9. К первому сентября этого года я уже десять лет буду работать в этом университете. 10. В июле будет год, как они женаты. 11. К тому времени, как ты проснешься завтра утром, мы уже три часа будем лететь над Тихим океаном. 12. К маю будет пять лет, как он водит эту ма­шину. 13. Они будут экспериментировать в этой обла­сти уже много лет к концу тысячелетия. 14. К тому времени, как приедет полиция, детектив уже два часа будет изучать место происшествия. 15. К тому времени как встанет солнце завтра ут­ром, мы уже два часа будем лететь над Атлантическим океаном. 16. К первому сентября этого года я уже десять лет буду изучать английский язык. 17. Ей понадобится отдых. Она весь день будет работать. 18. К концу года мы будем жить в Москве уже двад­цать лет. 19. Когда приедет полиция, Эрик уже три часа будет ехать в Техас. 20. К тому времени как дети вернутся из школы, их мама уже несколько часов будет работать в саду. 21. В июле будет год, как я живу в этом городе.

Exercise 239. Supply the Future Perfect or the Future Perfect Continuous. Sometimes both are possible.

1. They …… (complete) the new bridge by the end of the year. 2. By the end of the week we …… (wait) seventeen months for our telephone to be repaired. 3. I hope you …… (finish) this report by the end of the day. 4. We …… (fly) nonstop for fifteen hours before we get to Calcutta. 5. She …… (leave) for work before the children get home from school. 6. By this time next year he …… (write) his memo­ries. 7. Do you know that your sister …… (work) for this company for ten years by next month? 8. They …… (be married) for twenty five years next year. 9. How long they …… (look) for a flat by next Monday? 10. Do you realize that on August 15 we …… (live) in this house for fifty years? 11. The workers …… (complete) work on the great dam by the end of this decade. 12. She …… (leave) for work before the children get home from school. 13. Radio waves from Earth …… (travel) for light years before anyone picks them up.

Exercise 240. Put the verbs in the brackets in one of the following tenses: the Present Indefinite, the Present Continuous, the Present Perfect, the Future Indefinite, the Future Continuous, the Future Perfect, and the Future Perfect Continuous.

1. I …… (wait) for you at the hotel at midday tomor­row. 2. All the time you are toiling in the office next week, I …… (enjoy) myself on the beach! 3. "Don't worry," said the doctor, "Your bones …… (mend) nicely in a few days." 4. I …… (finish) everything by the time you get back tomorrow. 5. I …… (have) an operation then, so don't come until some weeks later. 6. I wonder what I …… (do) at this time tomorrow. 7. I hope you …… (work) at this time tomorrow. 8. Please show me the painting when you …… (com­plete) it. 9. I …… (live) here twenty years next September. 10. When you …… (do) your homework, pay particu­lar attention to neatness. 11. When you …… (live) in London as long as I, you will know its geography fairly well. 12. I …… (see) you next week? I'd like to know for certain. 13. When you ... (explain) the situation to him, come and tell me what he …… (say). 14. While you …… (have) your bath, I will prepare a meal. 15. I …… (hold) an important conference from six to eight, don't let anyone disturb us then. 16. When mankind …… (grow) up, everyone will be both kind and intelligent. 17. The clock is broken but I …… (have) it repaired next week. 18. While you …… (rest), I will read to you from a good book. 19. He will want to know what you …… (do) for these last three years. 20. The aspect of the city …… (change) considerably by A.D. 2100. 21. I shall be content when I …… (achieve) my aim, but not before. 22. …… (you, write) all your letters by six o'clock? 23. Do you think they …… (all, sleep) when we arrive? 24. I'll read the paper while I …… (wait) for him. 25. In a minute I …… (wait) here for three hours! 26. This wheel will be turning faster while that one …… (slow) down. 27. What I …… (say) to him when I see him tomor­row? 28. Come back after you …… (wipe) your shoes on the mat. 29. You will know more about life when you …… (live) longer. 30. "I shall arrive about ten." "Right, I …… (keep) an eye open for you then." 31. We …… (oil) the guns, then we'll put them away. 32. You …… (stay) here until next year? 33. "What you …… (do) next week?" "I shall be hard at work." 34. When you …… (go) to see Charles again? 35. Tomorrow, while the ship …… (heave) up and down, you …… (hold) your stomach and groaning! 36. You …… (witness) many things by the time you die. 37. When you …… (milk) the cows, bring the milk in here. 38. I …… (see) the Manager tomorrow and I'll remind him of that important point. 39. Don't touch the lamp until you …… (switch) off at the mains.